Hazrat Abi Talib (RA), Hazrat Khadizah (RA) & Hazrat Hamza (RA)’s Importance towards Islam’s Establishment
The new religion Islam brought fourth by Hazrat Mohammad (SM) was upheld by the great contributions of Hazrat Abi Talib (RA) Uncle and guardian of Prophet (SM). If it wasn’t for Hazrat Hamza (RA) & Prophet’s first wife Hazrat Khadijah Tul Kobra’s (RA) supreme contribution towards Prophet’s newly introduced religion Islam; Islam’s backbone could not had been properly established.
Hazrat Ali (AS) BEING The Living Quran
Hazrat ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) was the cousin of the Messenger of Allah (SM) as well as his son‐in‐law because of his marriage to Hazrat Fatimah (SA) the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (SM). He entered the religion of Islam when he was only nine years old and he was the first boy to accept Islam. ‘Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) emigrated from Mecca to Medina and he fought alongside the Messenger of Allah (SM) in the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of Al‐ Khandaq and all of the other battles except for the Battle of Tabuk because the Prophet (SM) ordered him to stay with his family. Moreover, in many of the battles, the Messenger of Allah gave ‘Ali the responsibility of carrying the flag of the Muslim Army and he became well known for his valor and bravery.
Hazrat Ali (AS) being the successor of Prophet (SM)
As Mohammad (SM) was returning from his last pilgrimage in 632, he made statements about Ali that are interpreted very differently by Sunnis and Shias. He halted the caravan at a place called “Ghadir E Khumm”, and gathered the returning pilgrims for communal prayer and began to address them:
“O people, I am not an ordinary human being. I am about to receive a message from my Lord and I, in response to Allah’s call, (would bid good-bye to you), but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family. (Ahlul-Bayt)” the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) addressed the people again and said: “He for whom I am His Master & absolute guardian, then ‘Ali is his master & absolute guardian. “O Allah befriend whoever befriends him and be an enemy to whoever is his enemy.”
In the year 35 AH Ahmad narrated that Abu Tufayl (RA) said: “Hazrat Ali (AS) gathered people in the court of the mosque and said to them, “I adjure you by Allah, of every Muslim man who heard The Messenger of Allah (SM) saying on the day of Ghadir Khumm what he said when he arose.” Thirty men stood up and bore witness that the Messenger of Allah (SM) said: “He for whom I am His Master & absolute guardian, then ‘Ali is his master & absolute guardian. “O Allah befriend whoever befriends him and be an enemy to whoever is his enemy.” note: Nabi Mohammad (SM) spoke these words while giving a historical khutbah after having being told by Allah (swt): “O Messenger of Allah (SM), deliver to the people what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and if you do not then you will not have delivered his message (at all) and Allah will protect you from the people; For Allah does not like those who reject Iman (Faith). (Holy Quran 5:67)
Allah (swt) followed this ayah with Surah 5:3 “This day I have perfected your religion and completed my favor on Mankind and chose Islam as your religion.”
Hazrat Hamza (RA) The Lion of Almighty God & Chief of The Martyrs
Hazrat Hamza‘s father name was Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusayy from the Qurayshi tribe of Mecca. His mother’s name was Hala bint Uhayb from the Zuhra clan of Quraysh. He was from the Banu Hashim house of Quraysh Clan. He was the Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SM)’s uncle. If it wasn’t for Hazrat Hamza than Islam couldn’t have been established in the boldest form during the advent of Islam; his conversion to Islam came at a time when Abu Jahl was in the midst of his treachery against the Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SM). Hazrat Hamza had a strong build body and he loved archery and hunting lions.
Hazrat Hamza became a devout Muslim and earned the title of Lion of Almighty Allah. He was the comrade-in-arms of his other nephew Hazrat Ali (AS). They both had fought side by side in the battle of Badr and killed most of the leaders of Quraysh. In the battle of Uhud Hazrat Hamza killed many non-believers, when the opponents rushed into the Muslim line, he plunged into their defense as he was busy killing as many as he could, he was struck by a sphere thrown by Abyssinian slave Wahshi. Hazrat Hamza (RA) fell on the ground and immideately departed to heaven. Wahshi was hired by Hinda the wife of Abu Sufiyan and the mother of Muawiya. Hinda had so much hatred for Hazrat Hamza (RA) that, she had Hazrat Hamza’s body mutilated and cut open his chest to chew his heart (Nawuzubillah). She was so happy with Wahshi that she spent many nights with him.
Hazrat Hamza’s grave is located next to the Mount Uhud near Medina. His grave is located next to 70 Martyrs of the battle of Uhud. He was one of the closest family members of Hazrat Mohammad (SM). Thus he also earned the title of Chief of the Martyrs of Islam. Prophet Mohammad (SM) along with Hazrat Fatimah (RA) had always used to visit the graves of Hazrat Hamza (RA). Hazrat Hamza (RA) was the military commander of Islam’s army in Medina, later he was succeeded by Hazrat Khalid Bin Walid after he converted to Islam.
Phase -1 The Beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SM)
Whose emphasis was on teaching Islam in depth, especially to the True Sahaabahs (Companions), and making Islam available to the maximum number of people yet, bearing in mind that it would take an average person a long time to assimilate Islam. Therefore, Nabi Mohammad (SM) did not fight the Hypocrites but many Qur‘anic ayah were revealed concerning them. Nabi Mohammad (SM) had many visions concerning them as well. Major Islamic events that have shaped the Islamic empire up to this very day were shown to Allah’s Beloved Nabi Mohammad (SM).
In Surah Ma’ida ayah 55 “Verily, verily Allah is your Wali (overlord‐ overseer) and so is his Messenger (Jibra’eel AS), and those who believe and establish prayer and give Zakat (Charity) while in state of ruku’ (state of bowing)”; The Occasion of this ayah is Hazrat Abu Dhar al‐Ghifari (RA) a highly regarded Sahaabah reported Nabi Mohammad (SM) saying “Ali is the beacon of righteousness and the destroyer of Infidels. He who helps him is victorious and he who abandons him is vanquished.” Abu Dhar al‐Ghifari continued “One day while I was saying my prayers in the company The Prophet (SM), a beggar came to the Masjid asking for alms, but nobody gave him anything. Ali while in the state of Ruku’oo in the prayer pointed out his ring finger to the beggar. The beggar approached Ali and removed the ring from his finger. At this occasion The Prophet (SM) prayed to Allah “Delight my heart make my task less arduous by appointing Ali as his Wazir (representative and helper).” This was a du’a of reinforcement to strengthen Nabi Mohammad (SM) endeavor like Harun (RA) was to Musa (RA). Abu Dhar continued “By Allah, The Prophet had not yet finished his du’a ‐ supplication when Hazrat Jibra’eel (AS) descended to him with this ayah saying “ Verily, verily Allah is your Wali, and so is His Messenger, and those who believe and establish prayer and give zakat while in state of ruku’.”
Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib, H. Hasan, H. Hussain
Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib, Hazrat Hasan, Hazrat Hussain (Peace Be Upon Them) They were the 3 who would confront the negative forces caused by weak faith persons who threatened to undermine Islam: Be it during the Caliphate of Hazrat Ali, the Peace agreement of Hazrat Hasan which was prophesized by Nabi Mohammad (SM), or the events leading to the explosive but anticipated Karbala battle which was also prophesized by Hazrat Mohammad (SM) during his lifetime in Medina.
Phase – 3 Hazrat Imam Zainul ‘Abideen (Ali ibn Husain) and his Descendants (Peace Be Upon Them)
Hazrat Imam Zainul ‘Abideen (Ali ibn Husain) and his Descendants (Peace Be Upon Them)
These great Scholars took on their shoulders the heavy task of teaching (educational endeavor) once the confrontational phase was over. This culminated in the establishing of Medina’s first University whose main source of information was the Corpus of knowledge handed down from Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) about whom Hazrat Mohammad (SM) said:
“I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate”.
Their Universities and methods of teaching had flourish and expanded throughout the Islamic Empire up to today.
Importance Of Phase 1 – 3
The first two phases would exceed volumes of pages. Therefore, these phases are summarized in the 1st Chapter. All efforts were taken to detail the third phase which is of the least mentioned in the Sunni circles today. This was the educational phase and direct involvement in promulgating and teaching in light of the Sunnah of Nabi Mohammad (SM). These endeavors led to the establishing of Ahlus- Sunnah. This trend of avoidance and sheer ignorance has led many to totally dismiss the sacrifices of Ahlul Bayt as mere Shi’a tradition. While ignoring the fact that early Islamic knowledge flourished from these personalities.
For instance, Immediately after Imam Hussain (R.A.) was butchered alongside his family and supporters at Karbala. The promulgation of this horrific event was immediately undertaken by the remaining Ahlul Bayt.
In 62 A.H. a famous Sahaaba, Companion of Nabi Mohammad (SM), Hazrat Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah Al -Ansari (RA) who was in his late 70’s at this time performed the very first pilgrimage to the burial site of Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA). Due to his age and blindness he was accompanied by his student Hazrat Atiyyah ibn Sa’d (RA) who was a famous tabi’een who also studied under Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA). His visit coincided with those remaining of Ahlul Bayt who were returning from Yazids’ court in Damascus and culminated in spreading the message of Imam Hussains’ supreme sacrifice. Though he could never be regarded by today’s Ahlus-Sunnah as a Shi’a; he remained a firm follower and supporter of Ahlul Bayt throughout his life as we will read later. Even as a young boy like so many other loyal Sahaaba he would give everything to protect the life and family of The Holy Last Messenger (SM).
DO NOT OPPRESS AND DO NOT LIVE UNDER TYRANNY. Today, government and leadership have weakened to the level of greed, politics, falsehood and ceaseless bloodshed. All of which had ended and made forbidden under the code and corpus of existence, al-Qur’an al-Majeed and Nabi Mohammad Mustafa (SM) over 1400 years ago in the city of Medinatul Munawwara. We have come too far away from Allah’s guidance in pursuit of gratification in this transitory abode. We are a civilization that consists of many denominations. We should understand the sacrifices of these blessed souls, as the only means to preserve the true identity of the fastest growing peaceful religion in the world.
The fact remains that sadly, majority of Muslims today know nothing of Islam’s identity, history, let alone the meaning behind the tragic lives of these illustrious members of Nabi Mohammads’ (SM) family. We have stayed along the path Qur’an and Sunnah of Nabi Mohammad (SM) by avoiding dangerous Shi’a (false Shi’a – propagandists) and Salafi/ Wahhabi information in this text. By the hands of these sects and many others instead of spreading peace; corruption, tyranny and oppression flourish. It’s time to finally reveal first then move on to elect the model characteristics necessary for leadership and government. It’s time to denounce injustice, tyranny and oppression in light or in view of the sacrifices of The Holy Last Messenger Mohammad (SM) and his blessed Family (Ahlul-Bayt). May Allah (SWT) continue to send countless salawat upon Nabi Mohammad (SM) and barakah upon His blessed Family about whom Allah (SWT) revealed in Surah Ahzab ayah (33:56)
According to Hazrat Umm Salamah (RA) this ayah was revealed on behalf of Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Fatimahh, Hazrat Hasan and Hazrat Hussain (Peace be upon Them All). The Asbabul Nuzul or reason for sending of this ayah was that the term Ahlul Bayt was used endearingly by Nabi Mohammad (SM). While busy with her choirs Umm Salama (RA) heard the Holy Prophet (SM) say “Bring them to me, bring them to me.” He wanted to immediately see Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Fatimahh, Hazrat Hasan and Hazrat Hussain (Peace be upon Them All). The Holy Prophet covered them in his mantle including himself. Then the Holy Prophet (SM) raised his hands in supplication “Dear Rabb! This is my Ahlul Bayt, I implore you to sanctify them, and remove from them all impurities.” Nabi Mohammad (SM) informed those present that Hazrat Jibra’eel (AS) had just revealed to him a unique ayah. This ayah decreed specifically “To purify them and sanctify them”. Umm Salamah (RA) asked “How about me? Can I come under the mantle?” Nabi Mohammad (SM) replied “No, stay where you are, you are in a fine state.”
It is narrated through Anas ibn Malik that “for six months following this revelation, every morning (while going to Fajr Salah) the Holy Prophet (SM) used to knock on the door of Hazrat Fatimahh and loudly recite this ayah.” (Note: some sources say 9 months instead of 6.)
Some commentators of Holy Qur’an say that this ayah was revealed at ‘Aisha’s house. Hazrat Jabir al Ansari reported that this ayah was revealed in Hazrat Fatimahh’s house and some reports say this ayah was revealed in Hazrat Umm Salama’s house which indicates that this ayah was revealed on more than one occasion. After the revelation of this ayah Hazrat Jibra’eel informed Nabi Mohammad (SM) who constituted Ahlul Bayt, they were to be Nabi (SM) himself, Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Fatimahh, Hazrat Hasan and Hazrat Hussain (Peace be upon Them All). It is worthy to mention here that at the time this ayah was revealed Hazrat Hasan (RA) and Hazrat Hussain (RA) were young children and only Allah knew what their future contribution to Islam would be and therefore informed his beloved Prophet Mohammad (SM) in great detail. Allah (swt) knew the pivotal role these great personalities would play, thus he specified them for this honor. This ayah indicates clearly that Allah himself honors these honorable souls so specifically, that he promised to keep them pure, honored and sanctified.
As events unfold in this book through the ensuing 329 years after the physical departure of Nabi Mohammad (SM) in 11 AH, their steadfastness and contributions verify the very essence of this ayah. They sacrificed everything in order to teach and demonstrate the Sunna of Nabi Mohammad (SM) in its pristine form. They jeopardized and even sacrificed their lives and the lives of their children for this purpose! They continued to persevere and suffer dearly at the hands of tyrants and detractors. This book is in honor of the Caliphate to come to Islam. May Allah (swt) make their examples shine brightly.
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light)
ARABIA IN THE TIME OF THE HOLY LAST MESSENGER (SM)
Old Picture of AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA
The site were the Holy Last Messenger (SM) performed eid salah in the last 4 years of his life. Were he performed Salatul Istikah (special prayer for rain), in fact the word al Ghamama i.e. (the gathering clouds) which appeared after The Holy Last Messenger (SM) performed this special prayer. Where he performed the Janazah salah for An Najashi (He was the historical Aksumite Emperor in Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
Al Medinatul‐Munawarra, the radiant city known by more than 90 names that generally denote respect and honor located in the western region of the Hejaz. One of the holiest cities in Islam with battles sites of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq located there. Along with Al Masjid Nabawi, Quba Masjid and Masjid al Qiblatain which are three of the oldest sites in Islam. Medina was the capital of Islam from the time Nabi Muhammad (SM) made hijrah in 622 CE until Ameerul‐ Mu’mineen Ali (RA) Caliphate in 652CE/30 AH. This city was the home and the burial place of Nabi Muhammad (SM) along with Ameerul Mu’mineen Abu Bakr Sadiq and Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar Farooq (RA) who were very close companions of Nabi Muhammad (SM). To this very date Nabi Muhammad (SM) is buried in his home which is adjoining the Masjid Nabawi he’d help build with his own hands. The Jannatul Baqi cemetery is where many of Nabi Muhammad’s (SM) relatives and close companions are buried. Most of the historic relics of Medina have been demolished under late 18th then 19th, and 20th century Saudi Dynasty (Abdul Wahab Najdi Followers So‐called King Abdul Aziz bin Al‐Saud) rule over the Hejaz by the patron ship of British Empire whom ceased the power from the Ottoman Empire Governor Al‐Sharif of Mekkah and became self‐proclaimed King of Arabian Peninsula by the help and assistance of British Empire in the time of The Queen Elizabeth The 1st. Now thousands of new stores and shops have been established to cater to the needs of the West and its allies alike. Medina has now changed into a modern urban center while trying to maintain its pure religious identity. The first mention of this blessed city dates back to the 6th Century BC. The first people to live there were various tribes who trace their lineage back to H. Shem ibn Nuh (AS) – The blessed son of Nabi Nuh (AS). Then various Yemenite tribes arrived some time later and at that time there were approximately 70 Arab tribes and atheist 20 Jewish tribes living in Medina. In the pre Islamic era, Medina was known as Yathrib full of dry riverbeds which swell up during heavy rains and it is situated on a plain with wadis fed by runoff streams from surrounding hills. The city had abundant water supply which fed vast date palms and vegetables gardens. The availability of food and water made Medina an important re‐provisioning point for caravans that traveled the commercial routes from Southern Hejaz along the Red Sea to Syria and Egypt.
In Accordance of His Eminency Dr. Sheikh Shah Sufi Mohammad Nurul Alam 43rd Direct Descendant of Great Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SM) had predicted in his Authentic Book “Destruction & Peace End of Saudi Monarchy, ISBN# 978‐0615404233” that, The current regime of Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz will be the last king of Saudi Monarchy along with ten thousands of Suadi Prince’s life will also be at danger upon the arrival of Imam Mahdi (AS). It should be noted that, in the time of King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz of the Saudi Monarchy, he had received a dream from our beloved Prophet with direction to reconstruct and develop Masjid‐e‐Nabwai Holy Mosque of Prophet Mohammad (SM). Accordingly since 1982 the Masjid‐e‐Nabwai of Madina and Masjid‐e‐Haramayen in Mekkah was rapidly reconstructed and developed for accommodation with modern facilities for over ten million worshipers as well as to utilize for the Imam Mahdi followers and soldiers.
According to tradition, In 617 A Confederacy of Arab tribes(namely Umayyad clan and their supporters) declared a public boycott against their long time commercial rival Bani Hashim, even those who hadn’t embraced (of Bani Hashim) Islam in order to put pressure on the clan to withdraw protection for H. Muhammad (SM) so they could kill him. The terms imposed on Bani Hashim as reported by Ibn Ishaq were: “No one should marry their women nor give women for them to marry; that no one should either buy from or sell to them.” A confederate or coalition of tribes agreed and wrote it in a deed hung it in the Ka’ba to make it more binding upon themselves.” This oppression lasted for a period of 3 yrs., during which Bani Hashim and the early Muslim community virtually starved in Mecca. The hardships had fatally affected the health of Nabi Muhammad’s (SM) wife Umm ul Mu’mineen H. Khadijat ul Kubra (RA) and his guardian and supporter Abu Talib, culm
“They wish to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths but Allah will perfect his light however the disbelievers may be averse to it.” S. 9:32
This forced H. Muhammad (SM) to make Hijrah (flight) to Yathrib, North of Mecca. After 13 yrs of ongoing oppression and persecution H. Muhammad (SM) had received the invitation and later pledge from the Khazraj and ‘Aws tribes to unite the people of that city who were at civil war and a most savage conflict. The ‘Aws and Khazraj both had alliances with some of the Jewish tribes who lived beside them in Yathrib. But relations between them were often strained and fraught with ill feeling, the monotheistic Jews, who were conscious of being God’s Chosen people despised the polytheistic Arabs, while having to pay them a certain respect because of their greater strength.
“They will always live under the protection or rule of other …. That is because they disobey Allah and kill his messengers”.
In heated moments of frustration, These Jewish tribes were known to say:
“The time of a Prophet who is to be sent is now at hand with him we shall slay you, even as ‘Ad and ‘Iram were slain.”
(Note: Ad and Iram where ancient nations/tribes who were suddenly destroyed because of their refusal to obey the Prophets who were sent to them).
In friendlier moments, the Jews often spoke to them of the Oneness of Allah, and of man’s final end, and they would discuss these questions together. So when the Yathrib Arabs heard that a man in Mecca had now in fact declared himself to be An-Nabi, they opened their ears, and they were even more interested when they were told something about the message of H. Muhammad (SM), for they were already familiar with many of the principles of orthodox religion. Torn asunder by enmity and evil described these times in Yathrib. The Battle of Bu’ath, the fourth and most savage conflict of the civil war, had not altogether been decisive; nor had it been followed by any peace treaty worthy of name but merely an agreement to stop fighting for the moment. This prolonged state of chronic bitterness and an increasing number of incidents of violence had won overall opinion that they needed a chief who would unite them as the ancestor of The Patriarch of Quraysh; Qusayy ibn kilab had united the Quraysh centuries ago. (Qusayy was direct descendant of Nabi Ibrahim (AS) through his son Nabi Isma’el (AS) and he was a great ancestor of Nabi Muhammad (SM). This blessed city eventually became the center of activity for Holy Last Messenger (SM). This time period was the turning point in world history, it marked the establishment of the first Islamic State and the rapid growth of what many consider a new faith but in reality all deen is founded on the one basic principle LA ILAHA ILLA LLAH There is no deity (or anything else for that matter) worthy of worship besides One True God, ALLAH (SWT). From that point on Yathrib became Medinatul‐monwara (The City of the Prophet). The date of the Holy Last Messenger’s (SM) arrival marked the first year of the Islamic calendar Muharram 1rst 622 CE.
It may be mentioned here that, Since the Prophet had arrived in Medina from Makkah, the Muslims had Qiblah towards the Jerusalem, The Temple of Prophet Suleiman ibn Dawud (PBUH) till continuously 16 months. But One day at the time of noon prayer in Masjidulqiblatain Allah directed Nabi Mohammad (SM) by the H. Quran to change the Qiblah towards Holy Kabah of Makkah‐tul‐Mokarrama. At the same night Jews tribe leaders of Madina‐tul‐monwara started conspiracy against the H. Mohmmad (SM) because their King Suleiman’s temple of Jerusalem were disregarded by H. Mohammad (SM). Since then till now the Jews communities had started conspiracy against the Holy Prophet and Islam. In the time of Battle of Ahazab, 372 Hyporcite muslim converted from Jews made conspiracy by the active cooperation of Abu‐Sufiyan to kill H. Mohammad (SM) and his associates. But Allah (swt) had directed his beloved Prophet to kill all 372 hypocrite Muslims (Converted Jews) by a faithful converted Jew Abu‐Lobaba whom was the Two Star General of H. Mohmmad (SM)’s Army. And Abu‐Lobaba had killed all of the Jews within 24 hours. Since than those fanatic Jews had escaped from Madina‐tulmonwara towards current day Humburgh, West Germany. In the time of Hitler, whom killed over one hundred thousands of jews because of their fanaticism. Rest of fanatic Jews left for Soviet‐union, finally in the time of WWII those fanatic Jews again escaped from Soviet‐Union towards America by leadership of Henry Kissinger’s forefathers, a former secretary state of America. In accordance of Millennium Prophecy Statement of His Eminency Dr. M N Alam’s statement this so‐called fanatic Jews will be completely relingquished from USA as well as Tel‐Aviv, Jerusalem upon arrival of Imam Mahdi (12th Imam). “His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Shah Sufi M N Alam’s Millennium Prophecy Statement Authentic History of The World, Arrival of Imam Mahdi (A:) Along with Reemergence of Jesus Christ To Co‐Create Heaven on Earth, ISBN# 978‐0615379753”.
Upon arrival at age 55, the last 10 yrs. of his life were spent educating and strengthening the Ummah in Medina. Medina became the administrative home for the new Islamic state. It was from here that successful campaigns were launched. It was also from here the successful campaigns to convince tribes to abandon idolatry was waged in pursuit of true peace and justice. It was also in this very city that Nabi Muhammad’s (SM) Companions compiled the blessed lines of H. Qur’an, collected and related Hadith (narrations of the various examples of Nabi Muhammad (SM) that would serve as the basis of shari’ah. The first three Caliphs of the Rashidun Caliphate continued to administrate from Medina. Medina‐tul‐Monwara was loved by Nabi Muhammad (SM) and his close companions. They preferred Medina just as H. Muhammad (SM) had preferred Medina after The Battle of Tabuk in 9 AH. The administrative and political problems of the Islamic empire forced the 4th of Rashidun Caliphate Ameerul Mu’mineen H. Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) to shift the capital away from Medina to Kufa, Iraq.
When Imam Malik was questioned about his reason he preferred Medina to the city of Makkah he is quoted saying:
“Here (Medina), That is because ALLAH (SWT) chose it for His Nabi (SM), from all of the places of the earth.”
In another tradition Imam Malik (RA) is quoted:
“How could I not choose it when there is no road in Medina but that Nabi Muhammad (SM) walked on it and H. Jibra’eel (AS), came down to Muhammad (SM) from the Rabbil ‘Alameen (lord, cherisher, sustainer of all the worlds) in less than a hour?”
Once Imam Malik was asked “why do the people of Medina have soft hearts while the people of Makkah are hard hearted?” He replied, “Because the people of Makkah drove out their Nabi (SM) and the people of Medina gave him refuge”.
The golden gate of Nabi Muhammad’s (saw) tomb.
It is because of the proximity to Nabi Muhammad (SM) and Ahlul Bayt who were the sources of Islam that the people of Medina is considered to be legal in itself. The legal basis for this is that their practice was the result of multiple traditions going back to The Holy Last Messenger (SM) himself throughout a period of 300+ years. Medina’s decline as a political force was due to various factors. Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) transferred the seat of Caliphate from Medina to Kufa, Iraq immediately after the assassination of Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman ibn Affan (RA) and his unanimous election. Medina was no longer the seat of authority and hence Medina was outside of the main arenas of power. Medina was geographically too far removed from the wealth and armies of the Muslim state to be able to play a major political role when it was no longer the capital of the Muslims. Those with a thirst for position and power moved to Iraq and Syria. Those who remained in Medina were those who enjoyed the prosperity and peace of Medina, and those who devoted themselves to knowledge and wanted to be as close as possible to Nabi Muhammad (SM). Medina became a place of isolation from political conflict and those devoted to H. Muhammad (SM). The City of Medina is the reference to the intense trial, the main political conflicts and deviant ideologies which sorely tested earlier generations of the Ummah like:
The Ridda Wars (of Apostasy) 11 AH/ 632 CE
After the maut of Nabi Muhammad (SM), many Arab tribes rebelled against The Caliph and 1rst of The Rightly Guided Caliph Ameerul Mu’mineen Abu Bakr Sadiq (RA), claiming that their pact to hear and obey was specific to Nabi Muhammad (SM) and no one else. Of these tribal groups some were large and some were small. Some were Muslim and some weren’t but both wanted independence from the state of Medina. This was a very turbulent time and the very existence of the Muslim Community in Medina hung in the balance in the face of powerful Arab tribes all over the Hejaz and not to mention the ongoing threat posed the Byzantines. See Battle of Yamama 11‐12 AH / 633 CE, Battle of Buzaka and Battle of An‐Najar. Many veteran Sahaaba lost their lives in these battles which caused the collection, compilation and preservation of the Holy Qur‘an after the demise of Rasoolullah (SM). Many Arab tribes continued to work the background to intentionally destroy true understanding of Islam so they could secure power. state of Medina. This was a very turbulent time and the very existence of the Muslim Community in Medina hung in the balance in the face of powerful Arab tribes all over the Hejaz and not to mention the ongoing threat posed the Byzantines. See Battle of Yamama 11-12 AH / 633 CE, Battle of Buzaka and Battle of An-Najar. Many veteran Sahaaba lost their lives in these battles which caused the collection, compilation and preservation of the Holy Qur‘an after the demise of Rasoolullah (SM). Many Arab tribes continued to work the background to intentionally destroy true understanding of Islam so
they could secure power.
The Year of Ashes (Plague in Syria and drought in Hejaz) 18 AH / 639 CE The air of the Hejaz was so full of dry dust that the light was obscured .The Hejaz fell into severe drought followed by famine. Masses 100’s of thousands of people from all over the Hejaz gathered at Medina were food was rationed. When the food reserves began to decline Medina was in a state of emergency. Ameerul Mu’mineen H. Umar (RA) wrote to the provincial governors of Iraq, Syria and Palestine. The first governor to respond which would trigger the timely response of other governors as well was H. Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn Al Jarrah (RA) the famous governor of Syria and Top military commander of the Rashidun Army in the Caliphate of H. ‘Umar ibn al Khattab (RA). He sent a historic letter which read: “I am sending you the caravans whose one end will be here at Syria and the other in Medina.” After about 9 months of drought the rain prayer performed In which Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar ibn Khattab supplicated Allah (swt) and presented the famous companion H. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (RA), and the rains came. While drought and famine were ending in the Hejaz, plague devastated Syria and Palestine. Upon Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar ibn Khattab (RA) arrival to investigate the issue in Syria because of the intensity of the plague, it was suggested that he return to Medina in which he did. However, H. Abu ‘Ubaidah (RA) refused to abandon his army in these dire circumstances and he along with 25, 000 Muslims of Syria perished. Later that year, when the plague had weakened H. ‘Umar (RA) returned to Syria for political and administrative re‐organization. Most of the veteran governors and commanders had shaheed of plague. It was said that in one family of seventy who had emigrated from Medina, only four survived its intensity.
The First Civil War (Fitna) 35 AH / 656 CE – 40 AH/ 661
Therefore, it should be very clear that most of these Mekkan families (Umayyads and their loyalist tribes) and their mass conversion at The Conquest of Mecca, earned them the title Tulaaqa (i.e. Those who didn’t except Islam but rather they surrendered to Islam 8 AH at the conquest of Makkah). Their current behavior in government was most certainly not convincing or a proof that they were fit to lead the unadulterated Islamic community. Especially, in the presence of the remaining, venerable and close companions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) who were also veterans that served against these families in 20+ yrs. of conflict? Despite this fact many venerable Sahaaba (Like: H. ‘Aisha, H. Zubair ibn Awwam and H. Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah (RA ) withdrew their support for the Caliph of the time and 3rd of the Rashidun Caliphate H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) because of the appearance of change of government gradually from bad to worse. The most influential and conditioned man became the 1rst Khosru / Cesar in Islam was the then governor of Syria, which at that time consisted of at least 4 nations today Damascus, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan. Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan along with many of his relatives namely Marwan ibn Hakam left no stone unturned to disturb the fabric of government Nabi Muhammad (SAW). This behavior encouraged the rioters and bandits all throughout the Islamic Empire. During Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman ibn Affan (RA) Caliphate the Islamic Empire had originally been divided into 12 provinces. The provinces were further divided into districts (there were more than 100 districts now in the Empire and each district had its own Governor.) H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) appointed his kinsmen as governors of at least 4 provinces namely: Egypt, Syria Basra and Kufa Despite the historical appeals preserved in the books of Hadith by many blessed companions matters would only grow worse, eventually ending with the assassination of the aged Caliph, H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) at 77 yrs old. H. Uthman’s Caliphate lasted 12 yrs the longest of all the Rightly Guided Caliph’s.
His assassination would leave effects on the ummah which have lasted up to this very day. It caused the first division of the Muslims into different distinct parties: Those who supported The Ameerul Mu’mineen and 4th of The Rightly Guided Caliph, H. Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) who had just been elected by the Muslims of Medina unanimously in 34 AH/ 656 CE and a coalition of other clans against him.
In Sahih Bukhari vol. 5 pg 43 Nabi Muhammad (SM) is quoted saying about H. Ali (RA):
“You are from me and I am from You.”
“Tomorrow I will give the flag to a man with whose leadership Allah will grant Farah (victory at Khaibar 7 AH).” H. Ali (RA) was sent for, when he had arrived Nabi (SM) cured H. Ali from his eye trouble invoked good upon him and gave him the flag. H. Ali said “should I fight them i.e. (enemy) until they become like us?” Nabi Muhammad (SM) said “Proceed to them steadily until you approach near to them and then invite them to Islam and inform them of their duties towards Allah which Islam prescribes for them. For by Allah, if one man is guided on the right path (i.e. converted to Islam) through you, it would be better for you than (a great number of) red camels.”
This hadith is in reference to The Battle of Khaibar in addition to this H. Umm Salama (RA) also narrates in Sahih Bukhari that H. Ali remained behind Nabi (SM) because of eye trouble. Then he exclaimed:
“How could I remain behind Allah’s Messenger?” So H. Ali (RA) set out following Nabi (SM). This clearly shows that the soldiers who accompanied Nabi (SM) to Khaibar perceived H. Ali to be in Medina. Surely Allah and his Messenger (SM) knows best. However, the hadith continues as mentioned in the latter with the addition:
“ When it was the eve of the day in the morning…” meaning the night before the day in which Allah helped the Muslims conquer Khaibar Nabi (SM) said :
“ I will give the flag, or tomorrow a man whom Allah and His Messenger love will take the flag,” or said, “ A man who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah will grant victory under his leadership.” Suddenly ‘Ali came whom we did not expect. The people said, “This is Ali.”…..
Whereas the Umayyad clan along with their supporters called for revenge of Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman’s murder (note : this rebellion was in every degree hidden behind a strong political campaign that was used to challenge, frustrate and hinder the administration of Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA), including those who broke away from the Muslim ummah (the Kharijites). This existing fitnah and bloodshed caused H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) to shift the seat of Caliphate from Medina to Iraq to save the Sacred City and blessed resting place of H. Muhammad (SM) from desecration and sacrilege.
In the yr. 35 AH Ahmad narrated that Abu Tufayl (RA) said: “ H. Ali (RA) gathered people in the court of the mosque and said to them, “I adjure you by Allah, of every Muslim man who heard The Messenger of Allah (SM) saying on the day of Ghadir Khumm what he said when he arose.” Thirty men stood up and bore witness that the Messenger of Allah (SM) said: “He for whom I am His Master & absolute guardian, then ‘Ali is his master & absolute gurdian. “O Allah befriend whoever befriends him and be an enemy to whoever is his enemy.” note: Nabi Muhammad (SM) spoke these words while giving a historical khutbah after having being told by Allah (swt) : “ O Messenger of Allah (SM), deliver to the people what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and if you do not then you will not have delivered his message (at all) and Allah will protect you from the people. For Allah does not like those who reject Iman (Faith). 5: 67 Allah (swt) followed this ayah with Surah 5 : 3 “ This day I have perfected your religion and completed my favor on you and chose Islam as your religion.” Ameerul Mu’mineen was clearly indicating that the force that was gaining prestige in the matter of rule. The Forces that had allied themselves against him were in fact perusing a wrong cause and false claim.
The Ridda Wars
Medina became a place of isolation from political conflict and those devoted to H. Muhammad (SM). The City of Medina is the reference to the intense trial, the main political conflicts and deviant ideologies which sorely tested earlier generations of the Ummah like:
The Ridda Wars (of Apostasy) 11 AH/ 632 CE
After the physical departure of Nabi Mohammad (SM) from this very Earth, many Arab tribes rebelled against So – Called Caliph, Abu Bakr, claiming that their pact to hear and obey was specific to Hazrat Mohammad (SM) and no one else. Of these large tribal groups some were large and some were small. Some were Muslim and some weren’t but both wanted independence from the state of Medina. This was a very turbulent time and the very existence of the Muslim Community in Medina hung in the balance in the face of powerful Arab tribes all over the Hejaz and not to mention the ongoing threat posed by the Byzantines.
In The Battle of Yamama 12 AH / 633 CE Which took place in Aqraba’ against Musaylima the false prophet of Banu Hanifah it is recorded that 360 Muhajirun and 300 Ansar and 12,000 Bedouins who had joined the Muslim forces while the loss of life in the Banu Hanifah deafted by Hazrt Khalid bin Walid (RA) are estimated by Tabari to amount to 14,000.
In the Battle of Buzaka, in this battle the false Prophet Tulayha of the Asad tribe was defeated by Hazrat Khalid ibn Walid (RA).
In the Battle of An-Najar; Najar was an old fort in Yemen. Fighters from all kind took refuge there and were destroyed by the Muslim forces after a fierce battle.
Many veterans Companions Sahaaba lost their lives in these battles.
The Year of Ashes
The Year of Ashes
(Plague in Syria and drought in Hejaz) 18 AH / 639 CE
The air of the Hejaz was so full of dry dust that that the light was obscured .The Hejaz fell into severe drought followed by famine. Masses of hundred thousands of people from all over the Hejaz gathered at Medina where food was rationed. When the food reserves began to decline Medina was in a state of emergency. So Called Second Caliph Umar wrote to the provincial governors of Iraq, Syria and Palestine. The first governor to respond which would trigger the timely response of other governors as well, and that was Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn Al Jarrah. He sent a letter which read: “I am sending you the caravans whose one end will be here at Syria and the other in Medina.” After about 9 months of drought the rain prayer performed by the famous companion Hazrat ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas and the rains came. While drought and famine were ending in the Hejaz, plague devastated Syria and Palestine. Upon Umar’s arrival to investigate the issue in Syria he was informed that because of the intensity of the plague he should return to Medina in which he did. However, Abu ‘Ubaidah refused to abandon his army in these dire circumstances and he along with 25,000 Muslims of Syria. Later that year, when the plague had weakened Umar, returned to Syria for political and administrative re-organization. Most of the veteran governors and commanders had died of plague. It was said that in one family of seventy who had emigrated from Medina, only four survived its intensity. Even the so-called 2nd Caliph Umar ibn Khattab would be assassinated shortly after these events.
Collaborators of Civil Wars (Fitna)
It should be very clear that most of the Meccan families (Ummayyads and their loyalist tribes) and their mass conversion at The Conquest of Mecca, earned them the title Tulaaqa (i.e. those who didn’t accept Islam but rather they surrendered to Islam 8 AH at the conquest of Mecca, Such as Hinda (wife of Abu-Sufiyan), Abu-Sufiyan as well as others). Their current behavior in government was most certainly not convincing or a proof that they were fit to lead the unadulterated Islamic community. Especially, in the presence of the remaining, venerable and close companions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) who were also veterans that served against these families in 20+ years of conflict; Despite this fact many venerable Sahaabahs withdrew their support for the 3rd Caliph of the time, Uthman ibn Affan because of the appearance of change of government gradually from bad to worse. The most influential and conditioned man became the 1st Khosru / Cesar in Islam was the then governor of Syria, which at that time consisted of at least 4 nations today Damascus, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufiyan. Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufiyan along with many of his relatives namely Marwan ibn Hakam left no stone unturned to disturb the fabric of government Nabi Mohammad (SM). This behavior encouraged the rioters and bandits all throughout the Islamic Empire. During Uthman ibn Affan Caliphate the Islamic Empire had originally been divided into 12 provinces. The provinces were further divided into districts (there were more than 100 districts now in the Empire and each district had its own Governor.) Uthman ibn Affan appointed his kinsmen as governors of at least 4 provinces namely: Egypt, Syria Basra and Kufa Despite the historical appeals preserved in the books of Hadith by many blessed companions matters would only grew worse, eventually ending with the assassination of the aged Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan at 77 years old. Uthman’s Caliphate lasted 12 years the longest of all-the first four Caliphs.
His assassination would leave effects on the ummah which have lasted up to this very day. It caused the first division of the Muslims into different distinct parties: Those who supported The Ameerul Mu’mineen and 4th of The Rightly Guided Caliph, Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) who had just been elected by the Muslims of Medina unanimously in 34 AH/ 656 CE and a coalition of other clans against him.
In So-Called Shahi Bukhari Vol 5, Page 43, Nabi Mohammad (SM) is quoted saying about Hazrat Ali (AS):
“You are from me and I am from You.”
“Tomorrow I will give the flag to a man with whose leadership Allah will grant Victory (victory at Khaibar 7 AH).” Hazrat Ali (AS) was sent for, when he had arrived; Nabi (SM) had cured Hazrat Ali from his eye trouble; and prayed good upon him also gave him the flag. Hazrat Ali said “should I fight them i.e. (enemy) until they become like us?” Nabi Mohammad (SM) said “Proceed to them steadily until you approach near to them and then invite them to Islam and inform them of their duties towards Allah which Islam prescribes for them; For by Allah, if one man is guided on the right path (i.e. converted to Islam) through you, it would be better for you than (a great number of) red camels.”
This hadith is in reference to The Battle of Khaibar in addition to this Hazrat Umm Salama (RA) also narrates in So-Called Sahih Bukhari that Hazrat Ali remained behind Nabi (SM) because of eye trouble. Then he exclaimed:
“How could I remain behind Allah’s Messenger?” So Hazrat Ali (AS) set out following Nabi (SM). This clearly shows that the soldiers who accompanied Nabi (SM) to Khaibar perceived Hazrat Ali to be in Medina. Surely Allah and his Messenger (SM) know best. However, the hadith continues as mentioned in the latter with the addition:
“When it was the eve of the day in the morning…” meaning the night before the day in which Allah helped the Muslims conquer Khaibar Nabi (SM) said :
“I will give the flag tomorrow to a man whom Allah and His Messenger love, he will take the flag,” or said, “A man who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah will grant victory under his leadership”; Suddenly ‘Ali came whom we did not expect. The people said, “This is Ali.”
Whereas the Ummayyad clan along with their supporters called for revenge of Uthman’s murder against Hazrat Ali (AS) (note : this rebellion was in every degree hidden behind a strong political campaign that was used to challenge, frustrate and hinder the administration of Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA), including those who broke away from the Muslim ummah (the Kharijites)). This existing Fitna and bloodshed caused Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) to shift the seat of Caliphate from Medina to Iraq to save the Sacred City and blessed resting place of Hazrat Mohammad (SM) from desecration and sacrilege.
Abu Bakar was Misguided by Umar To be The First Caliph of So-Called Calipha – E – Rashidun
Why did Abu Bakar, had seized Hazrat Fatimah (SA)’s only Date Garden that was given by the Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)? Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) had given this Date garden to Hazrat Fatimah (SA), in an Official Deed, signed by the Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), Witnessed by Hazrat Ali RA, Hazrat Hasan, Hussain RA. Abu Bakar had completely destroyed the reality of Islam by proclaiming to be the So-Called First Caliph of Islam and disregarding the Ghadir E Khum Declaration by the Holy Prophet Hazrat Mohammad SM (PBUH). He fell into the trap of munafiqs of Islam as well as Self proclaimed second Caliph Umar.
His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Shah Sufi M N Alam 43rd Direct Descendant of Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) asks the following questions to the whole Ummah:
Where did such title Calipha -E- Rashidun or So-Called Ashare-Mubashara came from? And Why?
Whom even given such authority to identify such titles?
Did Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) gave such titles to Abu Bakr, Umar or Uthman?
Did Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) ever declared a list of ten rightly guided Individuals?
Answer is NO.
It is crystal clear that, if you ever commit a crime you must feel the need to hide it, hence such titles came into the limelight of the Muslim Ummah. His Eminency again states that, why is there a need to be recognized as Sunni or Shia? There is none, if you LOVE, RESPECT and HONOR the Great Holy Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) as well as his crown Family (Ahle-Bayt) than you do not need any titles like Calipha-E-Rashidun or to be part of the Ashare-Mubashara.
In the Holy Quran Surah Mumin, Allah the Almighty declared the title of “Mumi`n” for Believers Who will enter Jannah in accordance of the Holy Quran Chapter Mumi`n. It is totally needless to proclaim the so-called title “Ashare-Mubashara” to be qualified to enter Jannah. The proclaimers of the so-called “Ashare-Mubashara” titles are Munafiquns, this group are not a Muslim according to their suspicious activities for the Muslim Ummah, during their regimes.
Immoral & Suspicious Activities of Umar, So-Called Second Caliph & Agent of Abu-Sufiyan ibn Harb ibn Ummaiya
During the advent of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s new religion “Islam”, Abu-Sufiyan had hired Umar with 1000 camels to kill the Holy Prophet. At such gruesome time, On one side it was Abu Lahab ibn Abdul Mutalib and on the other it was Umar, in mecca, So Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) raised his hand to Almighty, “Oh Allah, accept either one of them for the cause of Islam”, Almighty Allah granted Prophet’s prayer by giving a temporary chance to Umar between two gangster of satans, but unfortunately he could not maintain his dignity in Faith and proper rule of Islamic Sharia & Religion. Umar had always shown his dissent to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s decisions. So, One Day Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had asked Umar, “Umar what do you want?” in response Umar replied “You, ya Rasul Allah”, Prophet had asked again, “What do you love the most?” in response Umar replied “I haven’t been able to love you more than myself and my wealth”, Prophet responded, “True, Your Statement is True, Continue your effort, but I know who are you and what do you want”. It may be mentioned here that, If someone wants to attain the outmost imaan, he/she must love Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and his Ahle-Bayt more than their own self or anything in this world, in accordance of the Holy Quran.
Upon the Farewell Pilgrimage, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had given a declaration of successor-ship at Ghadir E Khum, in Which munafiq companion Abu Bakar, Umar along with their gangsters like Talha, Zubair, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf was present, but they did not mention or acknowledged such important declaration once for their own interest during the chaos (Saqifah) that took place after Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s departure to heaven. Right after Prophet’s departure under Umar’s leadership in his own house with gangster associates like Talha, Zubair, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf, Abu Ubaida ibn Al-Jarrah by direct influence of Abu-Sufiyan and Hinda started the conspiracy of the Islam’s Successor-ship. They have wasted 48 hours in Umar’s house with no leader being chosen. Finally Umar came into Abu Bakar House again wasting another 24 hours but not once did they think about the Prophet’s Body or the Janazah. Even Ayesha was witness to the Umar’s whole plan and conspiracy.
Finally, He raised his sword and shouted “I take baiyat under Abu Bakar because Abu Bakar led the prayer while Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was on his death bed for 3 days, and he is the father-in-law of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)”, accordingly all the the munafiqs Ayesha, Talha, Zubair, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf, Abu Ubaida ibn Al-Jarrah as well as others swore in their allegiance to Abu-Bakar. It should be noted that, Hazrat Ali RA never attended their so-called counsel. Hazrat Ali RA was always inside the Prophet’s Holy House during this chaos. Unfortunately, Ayesha never attended Prophet’s burial because she was associated with Abu Bakar and Umar’s Conspiracy. After selecting Abu Bakar as the caliph, they finally stormed towards Hazrat Ali RA in Prophet’s house, only to find Hazrat Ali (AS) had already completed the burial of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) as desired by Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and prophesied during his lifetime.
Important point to note, the following most influential people did not take baiyat (oath of allegiance) to Abu Bakar.
- Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib
- Hazrat Abu Ayuub Al-Ansari RA
- Abu Buraidah Al-Aslami
- Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari
- Al-Bara Ibn Azib
- Hazrat Ali RA
- Ammar Ibn Yasir
- Hazrat Bilal Ibn Rabah
- Fadl Ibn Abbas
- Farwah Ibn Amr ibn Wadqa Al-Ansari
- Hazrat Fatimah (SA), Hassan Ibn Ali & Hussain Ibn Ali (RA)
- Hazrat Hudhaifah RA
- Khalid Ibn Sai’d
- Salman Parsi
During the So-called Caliphate of Abu Bakar, Umar was the Chief adviser to the administrations. Abu Bakar known to be closest companions of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), unfortunately even he neglected the Ghadir E Khum declaration of Prophet’s successor to be Hazrat Ali RA. When Abu Bakar was poisoned by gangsters of Umar and on his death bed, he had selected “Umar” as his successor to Calipha, by conspiracy of Umar’s Associates.
During the Battle of Ohud, Umar was one of the individuals who broke the ranks of the soldiers to collect booty of the war, leaving Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) totally vulnerable to enemy attacks. When the enemy attacked, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had lost a tooth along with 72 Sahabahs, whom were martyred because of Umar’s conspiracy. It was recorded by Imam Muslim about Hazrat Awais Al-Qarni RA of Qaran, Yemen. He couldn’t meet the beloved prophet due to his service towards his ill mother. When he heard of the incident of Prophet’s lost tooth at the battle of Ohud, Out of Love, respect and honor of the Beloved Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), he took off all of his tooth. Accordingly, During Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) in his lifetime, directed Hazrat Ali RA, to find this beloved companion and pass him the Gift of his Personal Spiritual Cloak (Holy Jubba), also directed Hazrat Ali RA to ask Hazrat Awais Al-Qarni to pray for the Muslim Ummah. During the Umar’s Calipha When Hazrat Ali (AS) and Umar set out to visit Hazrat Awais Al-Qarni (RA), Umar was very curious as to Why Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had chosen this Man from Qaran, Yemen for such honorable Gift and Why Not Him. When they finally arrived and met him in his house in Qaran Nagar, Yemen; they waited for him to finish his prayer. Upon finishing his prayer Hazrat Awis Al-Qarni Came to meet them, and asked them “who are you peoples, I am receiving beautiful fragrance from my beloved Prophet of Medina”, And Hazrat Ali RA humbly replied “I am from the Prophet’s Family, and I have a special gift for you From the Holy Prophet”, And than Hazrat Awis Al-Qarni Asked Umar in strong voice, “Open Your mouth Umar, and he did, Upon seeing all of his tooth in place” He reminded him of the Battle of Ohud and showed him his mouth where there were no tooth. That’s the type of Love, Honor and Respect Hazrat Awis Al-Qarni had for beloved Prophet Mohammad SM. Hazrat Awais Al-Qarni’s life teaches us Musims to earn the highest ranks of close companion of the Holy Prophet, by showing such Love, Respect and honor for the beloved Prophet Mohammad SM.
One of the greatest injustice caused by Umar was his decision to replace Khalid Bin Walid as a Commander in Chief of Muslim Army. It is recorded in history, Khalid Bin Walid was known as Sword of Allah “Saifullah” (Title and designation as Commander in Chief of Muslim Army Given by Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) for the Battle of Mu’tah) but “how dare Umar siege such power from Khalid bin Walid?” If it wasn’t for Khalid Bin Walid, Islam wouldn’t have reached Syria, Iraq, Jerusalem, Europe or the Western World. Upon witnessing Khalid Bin Walid’s success, Umar felt fear that he might loose his position as a Caliph because of his own immoral activities. But Khalid Bin Walid felt no shame in letting go of his title as Commander in Chief to a normal soldier like Abu Ubaiyada, because he became a true Muslim and Mumi`n as well as he declared as Commander of Muslim Army, He said, “I had some boundary and limitation, but now I am free of the boundary and limitation”. Accordingly, he continued as simple soldier himself and he conquered many non-muslim territories including Holy Jerusalem.
It should be mentioned here that, Umar could never claim the victory of Jerusalem if it wasn’t for Khalid Bin Walid’s bravery and his tactical warfare intelligence. Umar’s entry into Jerusalem was also a eye-wash to the enemy, Umar had fear for his life hence he made himself look like a slave rather a Leader of Muslim Ummah upon entering into Holy Jerusalem gate. Khalid Bin Walid’s only mistake was in the beginning of the advent of Islam and the Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), when fought alongside Abu-Sufiyan, but he gave all his life to rectify himself. After Prophet’s departure, he was always on the battle field for the cause of spreading Islam. He departed on 642 in Emesa, Syria during Umar’s Calipha. Although he had a dream to being a Shaheed he died a normal death. Islamic History can’t not be written without the mention of Khalid Bin Walid, this small paragraph doesn’t hold the honor to write his legacy.
After Abu Bakar gave his daughter Ayesha to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) as a wife. Umar also had a cunning thought that he should also try to attain the title as a Father in law of the Prophet. Hence he got his daughter Hafsa married to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), after her husband died and she became a widow. Hafsa along with Ayesha always made conspiracies against Prophet Mohammad SM. They were so cunning with their activities against Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), that Once Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) left them and stayed at the Mashjid till a verse was revealed, “Why do you forbid yourself from what Allah has made lawful for you? (66:1)”.
It is confirmed that, When Self-Proclaimed Second Caliph Umar was injured from assassination attempt, he personally had declared six members “So-called” counsel for the selection of the next Caliph, which consisted of the following “So-callled” munafiq Sahabahs Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf, but to bring legitimacy for such “So-Called” Counsel Umar was compel to add Hazrat Ali (AS) and Uthman for eye-wash. But Hazrat Ali (AS) never accepted such recommendation of Umar, because he had always been the Crown of Ahle Bayt as well as Holy Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) bestowed him as the Calipha-Tul Muslimeeen at Ghadir E Khum. Umar the second Caliph was killed for his misconduct by one of the businessman of Medina name Persian Piruz Nahavandi.
Before the advent of Islam, Munafiq Ummaiyad Clan was very powerful influential clan among the Quraiysh. But after Islam had matured into a strong powerful administration during Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s lifetime Ummaiyad clan’s power had diminished into ashes. It was Umar and followed by Uthman that revived the Ummaiyad clan into powerful cunning force again by appointing all Ummaiyads as well as other immoral Muslim Munafiqs into various important powerful administrative positions.
Amongst most of the heinous crimes of Umar, his ultimate crime was appointing Mu`awiyya Ibn Abu-Sufiyan to be the governor of Syria. Even though there were several accusations of Mu`awiyya Ibn Abu-Sufiyan, Umar had always over looked his immoral activities. According to Tabari’s VI History book, “Once Umar had visited Mu`awiyya Ibn Abu Sufiyan in Damascus to confront him of his activities; unfortunately, Mu`awiyya always baffled Umar with his so-called wise words. It was very apparent that Umar was helpless against Mu`awiyya ibn Abu-Sufiyan.
According to His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Shah Sufi M N Alam, A true Muslim with iman can never be afraid to meet his creator, except if he knows he had done immoral activities that he feels guilty off. And certainly Umar had such fear in his heart when he was dying on his death bed. He asked his Son Abdullah to ask Ayesha to seek permission to be buried next to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). Upon hearing such request Ayesha (Prophet’s divorced Wife) the “so called mother of Muslim Ummah” a title given by Umar himself and Umar’s gang member, couldn’t say no. Moreover, it is crystal clear that their reason to be buried next to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) gives unconditional validity to their so-called Caliphate-ship. As History unfolded their illegitimate Caliphate continued to be filled with lies which were backed by So-called hadiths that were compiled by Bukhari, Tirmidhi, Abu-Dawud or Mishkat. His Eminency states the graves of Abu Bakar and Umar should be excavated to move elsewhere in order to make room for Imam Mahdi and Hazrat Isa (PBUH)/Jesus Christ in the time of Imam Mahdi; because of their immoral activities and various crimes against Islam also their so-called invented title Calipha-e-Rashidun as wells as their so-called proclamation of “Ashare-Mubashara”.
Authentic History of Ayesha
So-Called “Mother of Muslim Ummah”
The Divorced Wife of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)
There are various version of Information regarding Ayesha’s Marriage to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). It is certain that, she was the Third Wife to be wedded to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s first beloved wife Hazrat Khadija Tul-Kubra’s (SA) departure to Heaven caused tremendous heart ache to Holy Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). Prophet had wonderful Love and Honor for his beloved wife Hazrat Khadija Tul-Kubra (SA), for which Prophet didn’t even think to marry for very long time. Upon witnessing such depression of Holy Prophet, some munafiq as well as Abu Bakar Siddique the so-called close companion to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), had roamed around Arabia to find a bride. Unfortunately there were superstitions amongst the Arab to not marry to any Widows. At such situation, one of the munafiq had suggested why Abu Bakar doesn’t marry his daughter (Ayesha) to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). Upon receiving such suggestion, Abu Bakar with his self-ambition the so-called close companion to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), had approached the Holy Prophet and asked “Oh Prophet of Allah, I have a request for you, if you can accept my daughter as your lawful wedded wife, I would be honored”. Upon hearing such request, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) replied “Ya Abu Bakar, are you sure, she is still young as child”, But Abu Bakar insisted strongly. It may be mentioned here that, she was nine years old at the time she was married to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), by the time she was brought into prophet’s house; she had already reached her puberty or physical maturity.
Ayesha had always given Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) hard time. She had jealousy issue with Prophet’s wife Zainab bint Khuzaymah RA, Once she had conspired with Prophet’s fourth Wife Hafsa binte Umar Ibn Khattab to collaborate against Zainab bint Khuzaymah RA; Although Zainab use to be very rich but much older than Ayesha and Hafsa, She would always strive to make the best food for Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). Zainab bint Khuzaymah RA had told Prophet, “Ya rasulallah, All I ask is that, You have breakfast in my house in the Morning”, She use to make a Honey Smoothie drink that Prophet use to love. Out of jealousy Ayesha and Hafsa made a plan to tell the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) that his breath had bad odor after coming from Zainab’s House. This made Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) so angry and asked Ayesha “Oh Ayesha weren’t you the one that said My Sweat use to smell better than Yemeni Fragrance Oil?, Weren’t You the one that collected my sweat to wear around outside?, Now Today I have bad breath?” After that Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) left his home stayed in Masjid till Allah the almighty had revealed a verse “Why do you forbid yourself from what Allah has made lawful for you? (66:1)”. Finally they both confessed of their plan against Zainab bint Khuzaymah RA.
Ayesha had lot of hatred and jealousy towards Hazrat Ali (AS) because he always spoken the truth as well as understood all of her cunningness. She could not tolerate the sight of Hazrat Ali RA, Hazrat Fatimah SA along with Hazrat Hassan and Hussain RA. Whenever Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), along with Hazrat Ali (AS) would return home from War or other important duties, Ayesha would never greet Hazrat Ali (AS) out of jealousy, there were times she didn’t even greet the holy Prophet because he was accompanied by Hazrat Ali (AS). But Hazrat Fatimah (SA), would always wait eagerly for them, she would not ever miss a chance to greet them. When they came from outside she would always bring fresh dates and water for them.
Ayesha’s Close associates were mainly, Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf. All four of them along with other influential munafiqs like Abu Sufiyan, Hinda and their son Mu`awiyya Ibn Abu Sufiyan, Abdullah Ibn Ubaiyy as well as Marwan Ibn Hakam were involved in most of the conspiracy in Mecca and Medina that took place during Prophet’s lifetime as well as after Prophet’s departure. After Prophet’s departure she would go to Mecca in the name of Pilgrimage which was sponsored by the State treasury to meet Abu Sufiyan, Hinda as well as others to conspire against Hazrat Ali (AS).
Ayesha was also direct influence and witness to the conspiracy that kept Hazrat Ali RA from being The First and the rightful successor to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s successor-ship, which Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had declared at the Ghadir E Khum. She directly conspired with her father Abu Bakar and Umar along with Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf, Abu Ubaida ibn Al-Jarrah right after the Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s departure to heaven. Certainly, Ayesha was direct witness and collaborator to the Umar’s whole plan and conspiracy to ignore the Ghadir E Khum declaration by Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH).
Ayesha’s ultimate conspiracy and heinous crime was the Battle of Camel, which took place in direct involvement of her close associates like Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf. She was so cunning that she totally disregarded Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s prophecy. Before Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s departure, in presence of Abu Bakar, Hazrat Ali RA, Hazrat Fatimah SA Prophet called in Ayesha and stated “In my absence one of my misguided wife will cause great Fitna that would cause the destruction of this Ummah, at that time, I am giving Ali My son-in-law the authority to divorce that misguided wife”, Prophet SM (PBUH) Signed and Sealed the declaration and handed it over to Hazrat Ali RA. Ayesha asked Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) “How will we know who will be that misguided wife”, In response Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) responded, “When that misguided wife goes on a caravan and rest near Basra at a place called Haw’ab, and She will hear 22 dogs bark at the same time”. However, this incident did in fact take place when she conspired with Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam and Marwan Ibn Hakam on the Battle of Camel for suspecting Hazrat Ali RA for the Murder of Uthman. Unfortunately Ayesha was misguided by her associates like Talha and Zubair upon hearing the dogs barking, they conveyed it wasn’t 22 dogs it was only 6, so she continued with her caravan to the Battle of Camel. And Finally, when she was confronted by Hazrat Ali (AS), and Hazrat Hasan (RA) read out Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s divorce declaration she was reluctant to head back to Medina. His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Shah Sufi M N Alam states, How can Ayesha be considered to be Prophet’s wife after such declaration, in fact she was not Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s wife. After the Battle of Camel, this brought over 20000 Muslim casualties along with such division in the Muslim Ummah, which still to this day could not be recovered and certainly will not be recovered until the arrival of Imam Mahdi (PBUH) and reemergence of Jesus Christ (Prophet Isa) (PBUH).
There are over 5000 fake hadiths that were transmitted in the name Ayesha the so-called “mother of the Muslim Ummah”, along with Abu Huraira (Father of Cat). Because of their close companionship along with their gangsters like Abu Sufiyan, Hinda, Mu`awiyya Ibn Abu Sufiyan, Umar Ibn Khattab, Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf they were able to declare titles such as “Calipha E Rashidun” along with “Ashare-Mubashara” as authentic but in reality those titles were the ultimate Bida’h for the Muslim Ummah. An Important point to note, Ayesha was married to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) at the age of 9 and at the time of Prophet’s departure she was merely 18 years old, She was definitely physically mature but under no circumstances it is acceptable to comprehend that she understood the Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s decisions in Religious jurisprudence, Sharia or Spirituality to have such authority to transmit those so-called hadiths. It should be noted that, after her death it was Abu Huraira (Father of Cat) that prayed her Janazah and none of the Prophet’s close family members were present during her Janazah.
Ayesha the “so called mother of Muslim Ummah” a title given by Umar was permitted to be buried inside Prophet’s House. It may be mentioned here that, How can Ayesha give such permission to Umar or her father to be buried next to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). She did not inherit the whole house of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), there was also other wives of the Prophet as well as Hazrat Fatimah (SA) whom are the legal inheritor of Prophet’s property. This action of Ayesha is totally illegal.
His Eminency states the grave of Ayesha should be excavated from Prophet’s Wives grave area in Jannatul Baqi in the time of Imam Mahdi (PBUH), since she does not hold the title of Holy Prophet’s wife because she was divorced.
The above information gathered and collected from the resources of His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Shah Sufi M N Alam, 43rd direct descendant from the Holy Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). His Eminency States, there is no Sunni, Shia, Selafi, Wahabi, Tabhlighi, Jamate-Islami, Ahle-Sunnah Al Jamah or any of the 72 sects. All you need is to LOVE, RESPECT and HONOR the Great Holy Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) as well as his crown Family (Ahle-Bayt) to be accepted by Almighty Allah.
Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s wives and their characteristics
List of Prophet’s Wives:
- Khadija Tul-Kubra binte Khawylid SA – Meccan Quraysh
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) married her when she was a widow, when she was at the age of 40. She was married twice, but both of her previous husbands had passed away. She had two daughters, she was the ONLY billionaire in the Arab world at that time, but she had no peace. When she decided she would not marry again due to the Arabic Superstitions. During her father’s last days he made her promise to remarry again. After her Father had passed away she became totally alone, and she met up with one of her cousin name Waraqa ibn Nafal a Priest to consult about her marriage. He instructed her to meet heavenly man named “Mohammad” (Prophet SM (PBUH)), to whom she suddenly fell in love with. She was the most beloved out of all the wives of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), Hazrat Fatimah SA was also their child. If it wasn’t for Hazrat Khadija Tul-Kubra (SA), Islam probably wouldn’t be as established as it is today. She played the important anchoring role for the advent of Islam and Holy message of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), Didn’t marry for long time due to her departure to heaven. It may be mentioned here that, She was the only wife that Prophet really loved and honored, all the other wives that prophet married were for all different reasons or Allah’s direct directions.
- Sawdah bint Zam’ah ibn Qays RA – Abyssinian
After five years Prophet (PBUH) finally married Sawdah, who was a widow and had a child, to Look after Hazrat Fatimah SA. She was one of most kind and charitable wife of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). She was still alive when Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) had departed. She died at very end of Umar’s Caliphate.
- Ayesha Binte Abu Bakar – Meccan (Divorced)
She was queen of all conspiracies and brought a complete destruction to the True Islam. She was 9 years old when prophet married her. Later she was divorced by Hazrat Ali (AS), a power of authority given by Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), in presence of Abu Bakar and Hazrat Fatimah SA because of her conspiracy of Battle of Camel against Hazrat Ali (AS). She lived for another 40 years after Prophet Mohammad SM’s departure and played huge role in opposing Ghadir E Khum declaration.
- Hafsa binte Umar ibn Khattab (RA) – Meccan
She was a widow, and married to Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) when she was 19 years old. It was thru her Umar had family ties with Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). She wasn’t as cunning as Ayesha. But she always conspired with Ayesha against Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). She was married to Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) for 8 years, and she lived another 34 years. Although she didn’t directly support Ayesha in the Battle of Camel, she also didn’t oppose Ayesha.
- Zaynab bint Khuzaymah RA – Abyssinian
She was a widow; she was one of the wives that wasn’t a Quraysh. She was only married to Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) for a year and she passed away.
- Umm Salamah bint Abi Umayyah RA – Meccan
She was married to Abu Salamah first. They were among the early converts to Islam. They were tortured very severely by the Quraysh. Later they migrated to Medina after Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s instruction. After Abu Salama was seriously injured in the battle of Ohud, he prayed for her to be married with better man than him, hence Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) married her on fourth Hijri. She was one of most intelligent wife of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). She acted as Prophet’s adviser to construct the treaty of Hudhaybia. She also played a huge role during the Battle of Camel against Ayesha. She was a strong supporter of Hazrat Ali RA. She also had her son fight in the ranks of Hazrat Ali RA against Ayesha. She died at the age of 84 in 64 hijri. She was buried in Jannatul Baqi next to all the other Prophet’s wives.
- Juwayriyya bint al-Harith (RA) – Meccan
After the Muslims Battle with Banu Mustaliq, Muslims had captured the whole Banu Mustaliq Tribe. There was only one casualty whom was the husband of Juwairiyya bint al-Harith. Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) married her and set her free. Upon seeing such action by Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), the entire clan of Banu Mustaliq let their wife live free and converted to Islam. She continued her life as pious Muslim and always use to indulge herself in prayers. She died in 50th hijri, long after Prophet’s departure.
- Zaynab bint Jahsh (RA) – Meccan
The Marriage between Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) and Zaynab Binte Jahsh has been directly commenced by the Almighty Allah. At first, she was married to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s adopted Son Zayd Ibn Harith, but that marriage didn’t work out due each of their social status. After their divorce and She Completed her waiting period. Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) received revelation to marry Zaynab (al-Ahzaab 33:37). She was amongst the pious wife of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH), she passed away during Umar Caliphate.
- Umm Habiba Ramla bint Abu Sufiyan (RA) – Meccan
She was amongst the early converts to accept Islam. She was first married to Ubaydullah ibn Jahsh. After the Quraysh persecution they had migrated to Abyssinia, they had a daughter. Unfortunately, Ubaydullah ibn Jahsh converted to Christianity which led her to divorce. She continued to lead a simple life, made several dua to have better husband. Finally, in the first hijri Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) had sent proposal to marry her because of her lonely situation. Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) was kind enough to consider her situation. At the wedding Abyssinian Christian King Negus had given 400 dirhams of dowry. She had migrated to Medina in 8th Hijri.
- Maria al-Qibtiyya (RA) – Egyptian
She was an honorable and respectable woman; she was princess of Egypt, She was sent as Gift to Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). After their marriage she only spent three years of her life with the Holy Prophet (PBUH), they had a Son named Ibrahim. Unfortunately, Almighty Allah brought him back to Heaven, while the munafiq’s were disrespecting the Holy Prophet (SM) (PBUH); Allah Revealed “Indeed, We have granted you, [O Mohammad], al-Kawthar. So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone]. Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off” (Holy Quran 108:1-3). After Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH)’s departure, she had lost the two most important people in her life. She lived five years after Prophet’s departure. She died in 16 AH and she was buried in Jannatul Baqi.
- Safiyyah bint Huyayy ibn Akhtab (RA) – Medinan
She was from Jewish tribe Banu Qurayza. Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) married her after the battle of Khaybar. After converting to Islam, she continued to be pious and faithful believer.
- Maymuna bint al-Harith (RA) – Meccan
She married Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) in 7th Hijri. She was widow as well. She was amongst the pious wife of Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH). Prophet Mohammad SM (PBUH) married her upon Maymuna’s request. Almighty Allah had revealed verse “Any believing woman who dedicates herself to the Prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed her, that is only for thee and not for the believers. (Holy Quran 33:50).
- Rayhana bint Zayd (RA) – Medinan
She was from Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir, She was married to a man from Banu Quraiyza. When the Muslims defeated Banu Quraiyza, her husband died, hence she became a Widow and prisoner of War. But Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) Set her free and later married her after she became Muslim.
The Battle of the Camel
The Battle of the Camel 36 AH/ 656 CE
Almost, immediately after the shift of the Caliphate Ameerul Mu’mineen Hazrat ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) began a house cleaning process in which he terminated Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufiyan, many Ummayyads and other people as well from governorship. Mu’awiyya refused to obey and produced a considerably large Syrian army to challenge the Caliph of his time. (note: this had not been done in the history of Islam.) The Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) called for military action against Mu’awiyya but the reaction of the political classes in the Hejaz was not encouraging and the campaign was deferred. Aisha (divorced wife of Prophet SM) played a huge role in the political game to gain legitimacy to a rebellion and protest against the administration of Ameerul Mu’mineen Hazrat ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA).
The Battle of Jamal was the first incident of the Fitna behind Uthman’s murder. This Battle took place in Basra, Iraq between forces allied to Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and the forces allied to Aisha’s party. The Ummayyads and other recently converted Arab clans took advantage of the emotional state of the people in the matter of Uthman’s murder backed by the support of Aisha’s protest to interfere with the affairs of the state. This political move caused a few politically inclined Companions, Sahaaba to take back their bey’ah they had recently pledged in Medina to Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). These events directly involved Zubair and Talha who was so-called veteran companions of Hazrat Mohammad (SM).This conglomerate of opposition exposed many who had a certain expectation for government, position or power. This is the first time Muslims fought against each other. Some 10,000 Muslims perished, during this battle which lasted for 110 days. Hazrat Ali (AS) would perform the Janazah Salah for the fallen on both sides.
Even before the battle Hayatus Sahaba vol. 2 page 523 records:
“Hazrat Yahya ibn Sa’id (RA) reports his uncle to have narrated, “ When opposing armies in the Battle of Jamal arrayed against each other, Hazrat Ali (AS) set the row, and gave a call that nobody would shoot an arrow, or strike with a sword of spear, or start the fight, and ordered to talk to them with politeness. The narrator says that so far the remembers, Hazrat Ali (AS) also said, This is the spot, that if one slips away here, would slip away on the Day of Judgment. Thus we remained standing till day rose high. About this time, they called in loud voice: “O avengers of the blood of Uthman! Having heard this, Hazrat Ali (AS) called Hazrat Mohammad ibn Hanafiyyah (RA) who was our Commander, and who had our flag, and said, O Ibn Hanafiyyah! What are they saying? Mohammad ibn Hanafiyyah said, O Ameerul Mu’mineen! They are saying, O avengers of the blood of Uthman! Hearing this Hazrat Ali (AS) raised both hand and said, “
O my Allah! Put the assassinators of Uthman upside down today.”
The Battle of Siffeen
The Battle of Siffeen 37 AH/ 657 CE
(Fought on the banks of the Euphrates)
This battle that took place 1 year later and marked the example of The Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib’s (RA)’s struggle and confrontation against rebels and the morally weak Muslims of the community. These people sought to undermine Islam and the legacy of Hazrat Mohammad (SM). It was fought between the Syrian forces of Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufiyan and the Iraqi forces of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib. The confrontation extended over three months most of which was devoted to the diplomacy but fruitless negotiations of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). When the major battle began, the fighting, which lasted over three days was fierce, and continued well into the night. Mu’awiyya and the Syrian force were almost annihilated but the Syrians raised copies of the Holy Qur’an on their spears as a diversion calling out for negotiations. After severe mutiny in the Iraqi army Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) was forced to agree on arbitration against his wishes. The bloodshed had been terrible, according to one source, 45,000 Syrians Muslims and 25,000 Iraqi Muslims had been killed. Many Sahaaba perished in this battle.
Ibn Sa’d narrated from Shu’bah that when Hazrat Ali was going towards Siffeen he passed by Karbala. When he reached the village Nainawa, located near Furat he inquired its name. He was told it was known as Karbala. At this place, Hazrat Ali wept so much that the ground became wet.
Abdullah ibn Yahya narrated from his father who was a slave of Hazrat Ali that Hazrat Ali said (while in Siffeen looking towards Karbala) “Be patient O Abu Abdullah, Be patient O Abu Abdullah, Be patient O Abu Abdullah by the river of Furat.”
When asked for more details by Abu Abdullah, Hazrat Ali replied I visited The Holy Last Messenger (SM) and found him weeping, he said “Hazrat Jibra’eel told me that my son will be killed by the river of Furat, a place called Karbala. Then Hazrat Jibra’eel produced a handful of soil whose fragrance was coming up my nostrils (he smelled it). After smelling it tears began to flow from my eyes.” Ahmad ibn Hanbal and ibn Dhahak narrated this tradition from Hazrat Ali.
After this battle in Siffeen of Syria, certain followers of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) objected to his agreeing to arbitration and broke away from army as early as the march back from Siffeen. Some 12,000 men left Hazrat Ali’s army. These people were the first Kharijites and ancestors to today’s Banu Saud dynasty. They accused Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) of bid’ah (innovation of religion) and promptly began to kill anyone who did not agree with their position. This led to the Battle of Nahrawan in 38 AH were they were utterly annihilated. Though victorious, his army weakened and he lost even more support followed by uprisings and raids all over the Hejaz. Two years later he would be assassinated by a kharijite as he was in prostration during salah in 40 AH.
That same year Hazrat Hasan ibn ‘Ali (RA), took charge of the Caliphate following the death of his father through the bey’ah of the people of Kufa. He remained in it for six months and some days. Scholar, Imam Suyuti (RA) considered Hazrat Hasan ibn Ali and Umar Abdul al Aziz rightly guided Caliph as well. Hazrat Hasan ibn Ali assumed leadership in Kufa after the election of the Iraqis who were very divided. Many people had become corrupt or sought corruption in their activities but portrayed religious. Hazrat Hasan ibn Ali (RA) saw these troublesome times were one didn’t know or didn’t care to stand for right against wrong.
Tirmidhi narrated that Usamah ibn Zaid (RA) said:
“I saw the Prophet (SM) and Hasan and Hussain were upon his hips (one on each), and he said, these are my two sons and the two sons of my daughter. O Allah, I love them, so love them and love whoever loves them.”
In so-called Bukhari Hazrat Ibn Umar narrated: “Please Mohammad (SM) by doing well with his family.”
Hazrat Anas ibn Malik said: The Prophet (SM) was asked: “Who of the people of your house are most beloved to you?” He said: “Hasan and Hussain.”
Al-Hakim narrated that Zuhair ibn al-Arqam said Hasan ibn Ali stood up to deliver the Khutbah, a man from Azd Shanu’ah stood up and said: “I witness that I saw the Prophet (SM), placed him in his lap (hubwah- denotes sitting on the haunches with the legs drawn in to the belly, often with a cloth wrapped around the legs and the back in support) saying: “ Whoever loves me, let him love him, and let the one who is present convey it to whoever is absent,” and if it were not for high regard for the Messenger of Allah (SM), I would not have related it to anyone.
Bukhari narrated that Hazrat Ibn Umar said: “The Prophet (SM) said they are my two descendants, they are my two sweet Basils (sweet smelling plants or flowers) in this world, meaning Hasan and Hussain.
Tirmidhi narrated that al-Hakim narrated that Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said: The Messenger of Allah (SM) said “Hasan and Hussain are the two lords of the youth of the people of the Jannah (Paradise).”
When Mu’awiyya came out against him with a large Syrian army of 40,000 men, Hazrat Hasan ibn ‘Ali (RA) sent a message to him. He offered the Caliphate to him on the following conditions:
- “The Caliphate should be his (returning to Ahlul Bayt) after him.
- “None of the people of Medina, Hejaz and Iraq should be sought out for revenge or retaliation for anything which had happened in the time of his father.”
- “Cease the public cursing of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib in the Khutbah. This had been instituted and recited in every province. Not to mention that Hazrat Hasan and Hussain and the rest of Ahlul Bayt had to bear to hear such words in Masjid An-Nabawi from the pulpit, minbar of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) next to His Mubarak grave.
Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad narrates from The Holy Last Messenger (SM):
“Whoever curses (or verbally abuse ‘Ali), has in fact cursed me, and whoever curses me, he has cursed Allah and whoever has cursed Allah, then Allah will throw him into Hell-fire.”)
Renowned Hanafi scholar Mulla ‘Ali Qari states this hadith means that cursing Hazrat Ali is kufr.
- “None of the public money should be used for your own needs.”
Mu’awiyya readily agreed, they concluded the treaty and there, the prophetic words of Hazrat Mohammad (SM) became evident:
“Allah (SWT) will make peace through him (Hazrat Hasan ibn ‘Ali) between two groups of Muslims.”
His abdication took place in 41 AH he moved from Kufa to Medina and resided there. Hazrat Hasan (RA) even thought he returned peacefully to Medina was still not free from the antagonist and persecutors. Marwan ibn Hakam (the personal secretary of Uthman ibn Affan responsible for the Fitna leading to his assassination) was now the governor Medina. Marwan also fought in Battles Basra and Siffeen against Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). Hazrat Hasan ibn Ali (RA) had a hard time during these time in Medina were he was met with taunts and abuse almost ritually either for being son the enemy (Ali ‐ who was being cursed publicly) or for having relinquished the Caliphate.
A man said to him, “Peace be upon you, humiliater of the believers!”
Hazrat Hasan (RA) said: “I am not the humiliater of the believers, but I disliked killing you for the sovereignty.” Al‐ Hakim narrated: Hazrat Jubayr ibn Unfair (RA) said: “I said to Hazrat Hasan (RA), “People are saying that you want the Caliphate.” He said: “The chiefs of the Arabs were with me, at war with whomever I was at war with, and at peace with whomever I was at peace with. I abandoned that desiring the face of Allah (swt) and to prevent spilling the blood to the Ummah of my grandfather Mohammad (SM). Now later, shall I take it by force with the help of the herders of goats of the people of Hejaz?” 8 years after his abdication he was poisoned to death in Medina by His wife, Ja’dah bint Al Ash’ath ibn Qais some historians report after she was prompted by Mu’awiyya ibn Abu Sufiyan.
Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan’s Administration
Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufiyan’s political activity pre and post prophetic period becomes the subject of discussion when one investigates the elements behind the destruction of the Muslim community from the way Hazrat Mohammad (SM) had left it. The Ummayyad (clan of Mu’awiyya) had sworn vengeance of their slain at Badr. Hazrat Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalib (RA) is the revered Muslim soldier and uncle of Hazrat Mohammad (SM). He was martyred in 3 AH/625 CE. He was assassinated at the orders of Hind (mother of Mu’awiyya) who had his liver cut out and ate it out of extreme enmity of Bani Hashim (clan of Mohammad (SM) and Hazrat Ali (AS). The Ummayyad clan/family fought hard against Nabi Mohammad (SM) and the Muslims for 22 years and held hard onto the worst form of disobedience to Allah (swt), Shirk (idolatry).
Mu’awiyya only spent only a few years in the company of Nabi Mohammad (SM) namely after the conquest of Mecca in 8 AH/630 because in late 10 AH, Nabi Mohammad (SM) fell fatally ill in Medina and Maut 11 AH/632. This was only a span of 2 years during which Nabi Mohammad (SM) was engage in war against idolaters or the period were he suffered severely from the effects of poisoning. Many new Muslims including Mu’awiyya didn’t get the honor to be in the company of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) as much as many of the close companions did i.e. Ansar and Muhajireen. This lack of experience or time spent with The Holy Last Messenger (SM) made a clear distinction in character. History shows that some remained loyal to Nabi Mohammad’s legacy, while some returned to old pre‐Islamic, Arab and tribal customs of warfare and corruption. After much bloodshed, political maneuvering and frustration to Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib’s administration leading to his assassination in 40 AH. Mu’awiyya was crowned king at a ceremony in Jerusalem in the year 41 AH/661.
He governed the entire Caliphate from Damascus, Syria and gave prominent positions in the emerging government to neighboring Christians. Mu’awiyya had an unbelievable relationship with neighboring Christians. The Caliphate would never return to the city of Medina up to this very day. This period gave rise to many movements and philosophies within various Muslim territories. One group Jabrites who believed in Jabr (predestined decree of fate), plainly said that Allah was responsible for mans every action even if the action is evil, because man had no choice to do anything except what Allah willed. Jabriyyah and Jahmiyyah sects were the schools of the Ummayyad’s and their supporters who blamed their actions of blasphemy on Allah (swt). Mu’awiyya instituted several bureaucracies including divans, who were the chief minister of state. He also established a parliamentary government and postal service. Mu’awiyya also instituted a consulate, who was the council of state, with a council chamber court and audience. These ex‐officers of jury and state for the Byzantine Empire still maintained much loyalty to the cross. In fact a conversion from Christianity was discouraged during the Mu’awiyah ‐ Ummayyad reign. He used these divans in order to help him centralize the caliphate and the empire. Mu’awiyya held the Islamic empire through force and personal allegiance. This was the style of a traditional Arab Sheikh. Anyone who opposed his administration was treated like a non‐believer.
During the Caliphate of Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib (RA) he instigated civil war between Muslims that weakened the Muslim States and divided the community Like the Battle of Basra and the Battle of Siffeen. He sent Busr ibn Abi Artat as his chief of military who shed the blood of thousands of innocent people from Hejaz to Yemen burning alive tribe after tribe in huge fires. He committed these horrific crimes in the name of Muawiya’s government.
His reign gave rise to countless evils both in government and social life. He introduced the practice of open slander against the family of Nabi Mohammad (SM). Mu’awiyya is reported to have even sold the slaves of deceased Sahaaba who had become prominent scholars into slavery because of their criticism of his administration.
Many authenticated traditions reveal Mu’awiyya as a usurper, tyrant and murderer. Ziyad ibn Abih was the Ummayyad general who was responsible for carrying out many of these notorious designs. This caused many contemporary historians to view Muawiya’s supposed conversion at the Conquest of Mecca as a cloak and hypocrisy. They describe him as a liar and manipulator who usurped the Muslim empire for political and material gain of his family’s loss since battle of Badr. He introduced his new practices as the sunnah of Hazrat Mohammad (SM) and had his time period recorded as ‘Ammal -Jama’ah (Year of Union). Al Tabari titled this chapter as the origin of the use of the word Al Jama’ah.
He said: “Sajah remained with Banu Taghlib until Mu’awiyya transferred them in his days on the Year of Union (Al‐Jama’ah). When the people agreed to recognize Mu’awiyya as the Amir after Hazrat Hasan ibn ‘Ali’s abdication. Mu’awiyya took to expelling from Kufa all those who had been vehement in the cause of Hazrat Ali, and to settle in their homes people of Syria, Basra and Al Jazira who were vehement in his cause. It was they who were called “transfers” in the garrison towns.” (a clear breach of his Treaty with Hazrat Hasan ibn ‘Ali.)
There were many non‐Arabs who despite being ruled by these so called Sunni Arab rulers were viewed and treated with as supremacy and oppression. These so called Sunni Arab rulers suppressed their culture and language. It remains a fact to this very day that Hazrat Ali and Ahlul‐Bayt (RA) is remembered in non‐Arab history as those who up‐ help the rights of others while Mu’awiyya and the Ummayyad clan are remembered for suppressing them. They even married and begot children in many of the mawali tribes to do away with the mentality of class and race. Muawiya’s reign opened the door for unparalleled disaster to the Islamic Ummah. There were thousands of fabricated hadith used to cover his faults and increase hatred for his opposition. Though most of these Arab Quraysh had no prior merit in Islam they were able to influence the school of hadith and elevate their status. It was during this time the man who was in company of Nabi Mohammad (SM) barely 3 years had narrated nearly 5,000 + hadith. And he was none other than Abu-Huraira (Father Of Cat).
Nadwi in his commentary on this point in Sahih Muslim vol 4 said:
“Imam Abu Hanifah said: “The Sahaaba of the Prophet were generally pious and just. I accept every hadith with evidence narrated by them, but I do not except hadith whose Source is Abu Huraira, Anas ibn Malik or Samarra ibn Jundab.”
Ibn Abu Hadid al Mu’tazili reports in vol 1 and vol 4 from his sheikh and teacher, Imam Abu Ja’far Asqalani, that “Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufiyan organized a group of Companions of Nabi Mohammad (SM) and sons of Companions for the purpose of fabricating hadith. Among those who fabricated hadith against Ali was Abu Huraira, Amr ibn al As and Mughirah ibn Shu’ba.” Giving details of these stories Ibn Hadid narrates “Abu Huraira once entered Kufa mosque and saw a huge gathering of people who have come to welcome Mu’awiyah. He shouted to the crowd “O people of Iraq. Do you think that I will tell a lie opposing Allah and his Messenger (SM) and buy hell fire for myself? Here from me what I have heard from Nabi Mohammad (SM) “Every Nabi has a Haram and my Haram is Medina. The one responsible for innovation in Medina is cursed by Allah (SWT), by His Angels (AS) and by all of humanity.” (Note: all of this hadith thus far is true but then he goes and say, “I swear by Allah (SWT) that Ali was responsible for innovation.” (That is Ali (RA) incited dissention among the people and should be cursed) When Mu’awiyah learned of this incident he sent for Abu Hurairah, gave him reward and made him Governor of Medina.”
This began a long lasting tradition of unjust vilification of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) while elevating his status. Hazrat Abdullah ibn Zalim Mazni (RA) narrates “When Mu`awiyya left Kufa, he appointed Mughirah ibn Shu’bah as the Governor, and appointed such speaker who would speak curse against Hazrat Ali. I was sitting beside Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zaid. As per the narrator, He (Sa’id ibn Zaid) got up in anger and caught my hand, and I followed him. “Do you not see this man (Mu’awiyah) has done wrong to his soul, and he has ordered to abuse such a man (Hazrat Ali), who belongs to Heavenly throng of people, Hazrat Sa’id ibn Zaid observed solemnly.
Also during his reign Mu’awiyya began a campaign of slaughtering the companions and supporters Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). While Abu Huraira was governor of Medina Busr ibn Artat massacred thousands of Muslims. Tabari and Ibn Athir and many more have recorded “Mu`awiyya sent Busr ibn Artat with 4,000 Syrian soldiers to Yemen via Mecca and Medina to crush the followers and supporters of Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). Busr and his assailants murdered thousands of Muslims in Ta’if, Mecca, Medina , Tabala of Tihama, Najran, Safa, and its suburbs. They did not spare the young or old of Bani Hashim. It is recorded that this is where the murder of the two small sons of Ubaidullah ibn Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib (RA) (cousin and governor of Ali) took place. They were butchered at Busr order. It is said that more than 30,000 Muslims were killed. Many of the al Ansari like Hazrat Jabir ibn Abdullah al Ansari (RA) were either killed or sought asylum while Bani Ummayyad committed these insane atrocities. There houses were set on fire. Abu Huraira was the governor of Medina and actively supported Ummayyad government.
Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad (RA), Sibt ibn Jauzi in his Tadhkirat pg. 163 narrates from Nabi Mohammad (SM) himself said repeatedly “He who threatens the people of Medina with oppression will be threatened by Allah and will be cursed by Allah by his Angels and by all humanity. Allah will not accept anything from him. May he be cursed who threatens the people of Medina. If anyone harms the people of Medina, Allah will melt him like lead in fire.” These historical figures were some of the victims of Muawiya’s’ cruelty, Sahaaba and Tabi’een alike:
- Amr ibn Hamiq al Khuza’I ‐ Sahaaba
- Mohammad ibn Abi Bakr
- Abdur Rahman ibn Hasan ‐ tabi’een
- Mohammad ibn Abi Hudhaifah ‐ tabi’een
- Shaddad ibn ‘Aws ‐ Sahaaba
- Sa’sa ibn Juhan al ‘Abdi ‐ Sahaaba
- Abdullah ibn Hashim ibn Utbah ibn Abi Waqqas ‐ tabi’een
Jameel ibn Ka’b ath‐Tha’labi and Hazrat Ammar ibn Yasir who was told by Hazrat Mohammad (SM): “Rejoice Ammar, the transgressing party shall kill you”.
In the case of Hazrat Hujr ibn Adi (RA), chief of the Kindi tribe whom was given the name “The Monk of The Sahaaba” was killed along with six of his companions at Marj, Adra in Syria 51 AH at the command of Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufiyan. Hazrat Hasan Basri (Tabi’een and son of the slave of Umm Mu’mineen Hazrat Umm Salama) (RA) said:
Mu’awiyya had four flaws and anyone of them would have been a serious offence:
- His appointment of Muslim and non‐Muslim troublemakers in this community. This allowed him to steal its rule without consultation with its members while there were remnants of Companions who possessed virtue among them.
- His appointment of his son as his illegal successor. His son was an open sinner, drunkard and very impious person.
- His claim about Ziyad ibn Abih (as his brother) while the Holy Last Messenger (SM) said pertaining to Ziyad when he was a baby “The child belongs to the bed, and the adulterer should be stoned.”
- His killing of Hujr and his companions. Woe unto him twice for killing Hujr and his companions.
Mu’awiyya also ordered the killing of the two infants of Hazrat ‘Ubaidullah ibn ‘Abbas (RA). It should be clear that Hazrat Hasan ibn ‘Ali (RA) didn’t sign the peace treaty because he liked him, he did so solely to preserve the blood of the Muslim ummah. He saw how treachery prevailed and the rights were violated to such and extant and so deep in government that one could not tell the righteous from the wicked. It is reported from some historians that Hazrat Hasan ibn Ali wanted to expose Mu’awiyya the way Nabi Mohammad (SM) exposed his father Abu Sufiyan in Hudaybiah. So likewise Hazrat Hasan ibn Ali’s treaty had the same effect against Mu’awiyya who broke every stipulation of the treaty as it did his father after Hudaybiah exposing his hypocrisy and treachery. Thus exposing his hypocrisy forever; Mu’awiyya even asked Hazrat Hasan (RA) to join him and support him. Hazrat Hasan (RA) replied:
“I have abandoned the fight against you, even though it was my legal right, for the sake of peace and reconciliation. Do you think I shall then fight together with you?”
A Hadith reported by Hazrat ‘Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA) saying:
“I was playing with children and Rasoolullah (SM) happened to pass by us. I hid myself behind the door. He (SM) came and patted me on my shoulders and said: “go and call Mu’awiyya. I returned and said: “He is busy taking food. He again asked me to go and call Mu’awiyya to him. I went and came back and said that he was busy taking food, whereupon he said: ‘May Allah not fill his belly!’”
Imam Muslim places this Hadith of Mu`awiyya in the chapter of those cursed by Nabi Mohammad (SM). H Nisa’i (famous scholar and one of the so-called Sahih sitta i.e. the six imams who collected the authentic traditions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) he was murdered by a supporter of Mu’awiyya group of Syrians. When he recited this hadith as it was perceived as a curse on Mu’awiyya they beat him to death. Mu`awiyya ibn Abi Sufiyan died 58 AH/680 CE, from a stroke brought on by his extreme weight.
Mu`awiyya ibn Abu Sufiyan a hypocrite, bastard by birth, self-proclaimed Muslim and greatest enemy of Prophet (SM) had self-proclaimed title “Qatib-E-Ohi” (writer of Quranic Verses) this is absolutely fake, fabricated and unacceptable. This so-called Qatib-E-Ohi fake title was given and supported by his immoral supporters like Abu Bakr, Umar, Abu-Huraira, Marwan Ibn Hakam, Talha, Zubair, Abu-Ubaid Ibn Al-Jarrah, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf as well as other munafiqs. He had no good relationship with the Prophet Mohammad (SM) or his family members.
Ibn Kathir in his Bidiyah wa Nihiyah said that: “When the time of death approached Mu`awiyya, he said to himself thrice: “Hujr ibn Adi! The day of answering for your murder is very lengthy.” In the end, he was never able to start a dynasty because both his son and grandson died prematurely and the Caliphate went to the Marwanid branch of the Ummayyads.
Marwan Ibn Al-Hakam’s Treachery against Islam & The Ummah
Marwan Ibn Hakam is the name of the biggest hypocrite in the entire Islamic Ummah. His gangsters are Ayesha Binte Abu Bakar, Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam, Saad Ibn Waqqas, Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf. His activities destroyed the legacy of Islam and Uthman ibn Affan. He was from the cunning family of Banu Ummaiya of Quraish. Marwan’s father Al-Hakam was a renowned criminal to always oppose Prophet Mohammad SM and Islam, hence he was expelled from Mecca to Ta’if. Al-Hakam accepted Islam when Marwan was six years old. The gangsters of Abu Sufiyans manipulated Uthman to have Al-Hakam and his bastard son Marwan return to Mecca and Medina. Uthman’s biggest mistake was to fall into the trap of Abu Sufiyan and cunning Umar’s gangs by appointing Marwan in Military Campaign against the Byzantines.
After being in the Military Campaign against the Byzantines in Exarchate of Carthage he collected huge amount of war loots, which he utilized to buy property in Medina. His ultimate target was to gain the trust of Uthman by depositing a big amount of loots to the Uthman’s Treasury. At first, he became the Governor of Parsia but very cunning way he paved the way for Secretary of Uthman. Once he became the Chief Secretary of Uthman, he started to show his cunning character which was foreshadow of his father’s treacherous immoral activities. Marwan along with Talha ibn Ubaidullah and Zubair Ibn Al-Awam’s deceitful activities started to create so much unrest that nearby governors and clans from Syria, Iraq and Egypt started to complain to Uthman. Marwan and Talha played the ultimate game by setting up Abu Bakar’s Son Mohammad to go to Egypt with a particular mission, and sent another group to Kill Mohammad Ibn Abu Bakar. Upon finding the truth Mohammad ibn Abu Bakar stormed inside Uthman’s house while Uthman was reciting the Holy Quran, and he asked “Did you send this order, and did you seal this letter?”, Upon seeing his own Seal Uthman said “Yes, that’s my Seal” and Mohammad Ibn Abu Bakar filled with anger struck his sword on Uthman’s head and killing him on the spot inside the Masjid a Nabawi.
Later Marwan along with his associates Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Zubair Ibn Al-Awam along with Ayesha the so-called mother Muslim Ummah tried to falsely blame Hazrat Ali RA for the murder of Uthman Ibn Affan. Their gang members also conspired to implement the battle of camel with cunning Ayesha against Hazrat Ali RA. Fortunately, this bastard Marwan Ibn Hakam lived thru the battle of camel, later forgiven by Hazrat Ali RA, and expelled to Syria. But his treachery didn’t end there; he continued is immoral activities with Mu`awiyya Ibn Abu Sufiyan against Hazrat Ali RA and fought alongside Mu`awiyya against Hazrat Ali RA at the battle of Siffin. After the arbitration with Mu`awiyya ibn Abu Sufiyan, and Hazrat Ali’s Assassination; he was appointed Governor of Bahrain and later Medina by Mu`awiyya ibn Abu Sufiyan. Finally, he committed the ultimate treachery against Hazrat Hussain RA by setting up the plot with Yazid Ibn Mu`awiyya at the Battle of Karbala. Although this bastard served as one of the so-called caliph of the Islamic Empire; he was killed by his own 3rd wife of Syria by suffocating him to death. His grave shall burn till the day of judgment and he will not even enter the gates of hell.
Abu Hurairah (Father of Cat) The so‐called Islamic Hadith writer, compiler and Author
If the hadiths were to be a source of Islam like the Quran, the Prophet would have asked his companions to copy and learn them by heart. Had the Prophet desired them to be learned by heart, the companions nearest to him like Hazrat Ali (AS), and Salman al Farsi(RA), Hazrat Bilal (RA), Hazrat Abu Ayuub Al-Ansari (RA) would have transmitted thousands of hadiths. Instead, the words that have been transmitted from the abovementioned companions are very few. Abu Huraira has transmitted false Hadiths three to four times more than all the prominent companions together transmitted Hadiths. We shall be dealing in this chapter with some fabricators, including Abu Huraira, instrumental in interpolating into the established creed Jewish and Christian legends and parables. We shall see the reason why the infinite number of hadiths these people invented cannot be relied upon. We shall also observe the lack of fastidiousness and meticulousness, which they claimed to have had in collecting and sorting out the hadiths.
There is a common belief that “a person who had the chance of setting eyes on the Prophet was styled his companion (sahabah)” and whatever that person said was taken to be the literal truth. The word “Sahabah” actually means the persons who were very close to the Prophet Mohammad (SM). We read in the Holy Quran that there had been many hypocrites who professed to be Muslim, whereas in fact they were disbelievers and had created innumerable difficulties for the Prophet. It is regrettable to observe that the transmitters of the hadiths turned a blind eye to the meaning of the relevant verses of the Holy Quran and preached that whoever abided by the sayings of the companions was on the right path. We shall now take up the case of Abu Huraira, who transmitted thousands of fabricated hadiths.
A GREATEST MUNAFIQUE & FALSE HADITH TRANSMITTER: Abu Hurairah
By the influence of the cunning Jews, A Jewish person with the title Abu Huraira became the so‐called Muslim (Munafiq) immediately after the battle of Khaybar. The Prophet Mohammad (SM), when returning back home from the Battle of Khaybar saw him at the Masjid a Nobawi in Medina. The Prophet immediately criticized and insulted him because of his upcoming conspiracy and malpractice against Islam by writing. Finally, the fanatic Muslim group with the influence of Jews and Christian, Abu Huraira became the so‐called famous Hadith spokesman, in which he established false Hadiths which were compiled and malpracticed in the name of Abu Huraira published and distributed among the Muslim World during the 7th Abbassiya Khaliph Al Mamun (Bastard, Who do not believe in the Holy Quran).
His Eminency Dr. Alam 43rd spiritual Direct Descendant of the Prophet of Islam is warning the Muslim World to be carefully reviewed and research the false Hadith of Abu Huraira.
Prophet Mohammad (SM) never allowed Abu Huraira to be near him, because he was a Munafeque. He could not sit by the Ashabe Suffa either, he would seat alone in the corner of the Masjid “Holy Medinatul Munawwara”.
About the life of Abu Huraira prior to his conversion to Islam from Jewish faith, we knew nothing about him other than what he himself said. Having been converted only four years before Prophet Mohammad (SM) left this world, by that time 99% of the Hadiths had been already said and been practiced by the true companions of Prophet Mohammad (SM). Ibn Hazm says in the Musnad of Baki b. Mahlad that 5374 hadiths were quoted from Abu Huraira. If anyone who is knowledgeable in Hadiths carefully reviews his narration and the time it could have been said by Prophet Mohammad (SM), one would easily understand that Hadiths he narrated is false. This will expose the fact that all the so‐ called “SIA‐SITTA HADITHS i.e. Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, Nasau, Ibn Maza have collected many false Hadiths intentionally to mislead the Muslims and eliminate the true Islamic Ideology from the Planet Earth. (It is important to mention that Imam Muslim (RA), a direct descendent of Prophet Mohammad (SM) was Killed by Ummayyad Calipha Al Mamun, before he even wrote a single Hadith, because he refused to write the false Hadith like: Bukhari, Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, and other paid Dogs). Later in the book you will get more details about who, when and how used Bukhari and others (See Bukhari’s Biography for details in this book).
It is regrettable to observe that “so called” Imam Muslim’s Book also had taken every one of the Prophet’s companions as a star that guided one in the right direction. That is not correct; this is an absolute wrong idea. Everything done by 7th Khaliph Al‐Mamun, whom killed his brother Al–Amin, Who believed Quran was a man written book) also killed famous Imam Reza (RA), Imam Muslim (RA), Imam Ahmed Ibn Hanbal (RA), for protesting him against compiling of the hadiths. They were the direct Descendents of Prophet Mohammad (SM) and were killed by Al‐ Mamun. To stop the public sentiment he took this heinous task of compiling this so‐called “Sia Sitta” in approximately 15 years. His total duration of self-proclaimed Khilafa was 20 years.
Than he was killed by his Uncle Mutasim Billah; the 8th Khaliph M. Billah stopped propaganda of Bukhari. Jamati Islami Specially, Taligue Jamat in India who are blindly following the false concept that, in farewell address Prophet Mohammad (SM) said, “my all Sahabahs are like stars, whom so ever follows them will be guided in the right direction”. The true farewell address of Prophet Mohammad (SM) is given in this book.
Hazrat Ali (A) said: “The person who ascribed the greatest number of lies to God’s Messenger is Abu Huraira.” Ref: Ibn Abul Hadid, Sherhu Nahjul Belagha
When Hazrat Ali (A) heard him say, alluding to the Prophet: “My dear friend said that…” He asked: “Since when has the Prophet become your dear friend?”
Hazrat Ibn Masud (R), a well‐known companion of the Prophet who heard him (Abu Huraira) say: “The person who washes the body of a deceased person and the person who carries it on his shoulders should perform ablution” was furious and retorted: “O men, your dead will in no way soil you!”
Yazid ibn Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufiyan
(July 23, 645 ‐ 683 CE) was the second Caliph of the Ummayad dynasty and ruled for 3 years from 680 CE until his death in 683 CE. His reign is notorious for fighting and killing Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali (PBUH) and his family on the day of Ashura. He tortured the family of the Holy Prophet. He snatched the hijab of the women and ripped of the earrings of Bibi Sakina, the daughter of Imam Hussain. He showed no mercy to the beloved household of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He brutally murdered and killed Hazrat Hussain (RA) at the Karbala (who was the beloved grandson of Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH)) and his munafiq soldiers destroyed Medina and the Mosque of Holy Prophet Mohammad (SM) (PBUH) the following year and the demolition of Ka’aba in Mecca the third year. Another event of his era is Ibn al‐Zubair’s revolt. He is object of animosity to a large fraction of Muslims, most notably the Shias but also the vast majority of Sunnis; the Shia reject him as an open enemy to Islam and condemn his role in the Battle of Karbala which resulted in the martyrdom of Hussain ibn Ali (RA). The Sunnis condemn his actions but typically do not excommunicate him.
Hazrat Hussain (RA) did not give his oath of allegiance to Yazid considering him not suitable as Caliph of Islam for being Fasiq‐o‐Fajir. Hazrat Hussain (PBUH) was living in Medina with his family, but Yazid considered him a threat to his rule and ordered his governor either to take oath from Hazrat Hussain (PBUH) by any means or execute him. Hazrat Hussain (RA) refused this demand and hence was pushed to a limit that he finally decided to leave Medina. He first went to Mecca with an intention to perform Hajj. But even at this holy place he couldn’t do it with peace as Yazid conspired to kill him in Kaaba during Hajj. So Hussain had to cut short his plan and performed Umrah instead of Hajj.
At the same time Ubayd‐Allah ibn Ziyad, governor of Basrah, executed one of Hazrat Hussain’s (RA) messenger and then addressed the people and warned them to avoid the insurgency. Hazrat Hussain (RA) departed towards Kufa despite many warnings.
Many Sahabah and fellow Muslims refused to give their oath of allegiance to Yazid simply because they saw it as usurpation of power and not the proper way of choosing a Caliph by the Shura or Council. The most prominent among these resistors was Abdullah ibn Zubayr.
On the 3rd of Muharram Ubayd Allah son of Ziyad sent an army counting four thousand led by Umar’s son of Saad Abi Waqqas were the first to move towards Karbala. His orders were to get Imam Hussain (PBUH) to surrender to Yazid. When Imam Hussain (PBUH) refused, Umar son of Saad told Ubayd Allah son of Ziyad to send more troops. Ubayd Allah son of Ziyad ordered all the men in Kufa to come out and join the army to fight against Hazrat Hussain (RA). Anyone not doing so would be killed. Whoever brings the head of Hussain will get a great prize and he will make him the Governor of Al‐Ray province.
Regiment after regiment began to pour in on the plain of Karbala from all sides until they were thirty thousand (30,000) and ultimately the enemy’s forces compelled Imam Hussain (PBUH) to shift his camp from the bank of the river to the interior of the burning desert. When the enemy wished to march towards the Holy Imam Hossain (RA)’s camp, the brave Abbas at once drew his sword and stood firm and shouted to the men: “If you advance one step forward, you shall lay headless there.” Do you not see that truth is not being practiced and wrong not being discouraged? The righteous believer is the one who aspirers towards righteousness. I alone consider death to be a prosperity, while living with the oppressors is nothing but undesirable. Knowing the bravery, valor, and prowess of the valiant son of Ali Imam Hussain (PBUH), the Lion of God, none cared to step forward. But Imam Hussain (PBUH), in order to avoid bloodshed, issued orders to shift this camp several miles into the interior of the burning desert and it was immediately done. Also Imam Hussain (PBUH) did not want the people to think that the battle in Karbala was about water.
Yazid the bastard son of Mu`awiyya whom was a bastard son of Abu Sufiyan and Hinda, (the tulaqas), whom killed Hazrat Hamza (RA) and created uncountable conspiracies against the Holy Prophet (SM); what more can be expected of such cunning characteristic brutes. After the brutal murder of Hazrat Hussain (RA), Yazid attacked Holy Prophet’s City Medina’tul Munawwara, his soldiers’ destroyed Prophet’s Holy Mosque Masjid E Nabawi, for three days the Azan weren’t called. His soldiers raped thousands of women in Medina and impregnated them with bastard children. It may be mentioned here that, today most of those bastard children’s lineage are teaching Islam from Medina, along with Najdi Wahabi/Salafi ideologies they are continuously disrespecting the Holy Prophet (SM) and his family members.
Yazid died a horrible death, he had a mysterious disease which made him thirsty but couldn’t drink water due to burning sensation. All of his closest people would use to avoid him due to his body’s stink odor. Slowly he became insane and one day he went outside on a horse, but somehow he fell off the horse but had one of his leg stuck on the rope of the horse, which led the horse to trample his head, and eventually died a horrible death.
The Battle of Karbala
The Battle of Karbala 61 AH/ 68
Usually, mentioned as the second civil war or Fitna of the early community of Islam. Before Mu’awiyya ibn Abu Sufiyan died, he broke the treaty in more ways than one of the now deceased Hazrat Hasan (RA).
Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali (RA) now had every right by Sunnah to go to war as his grandfather (SM) did when he could’ve destroyed every last Meccan in the Conquest of 8. AH. He manipulated the people into taking bey’ah to his despotic and treacherous son Yazid ibn Mu’awiyya who was raised irreligious by his mother who was recently converted Muslim from Christianity but missed and desired her old customs and way of life. Ameerul Mu‘mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) attested to this fact to his last day and applied penalties for antagonists. Therefore Mu’awiyya innovated in more ways than one The Sunna of Rasoolullah (SM) by electing his son Yazid during his lifetime. In fact, this disastrous innovation of Mu’awiyya continued to be followed by the Ummayyads and later by the Abbasids and afterwards the tendency of every ruler to favor a member of his own family as his successor despite the level of the faith and moral character of that person. However, the breach of this treaty meant a violation and invalidation of Muawiya’s per contract which meant surrendering of those granted rights or war just as it was in 7 AH in Hudaybiah leading to 8 AH Conquest of Mecca. It was inevitable that Yazid ibn Abi Sufiyan would be confronted by Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali (RA).
Hazrat Hussain son of Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and Hazrat Fatimahh bint Rasoolullah (RA) posed as the most threatening opposition against Yazid ibn Mu’awiyya among all others of Quraysh despite the fact that many Companions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) were still alive. There’s a reason why.
Ibn Sa’d and Tabrani (RA) have related from Ayesha that The Holy Prophet (SM) said:
“Hazrat Jibra’eel (AS) has informed me that after me, my son Hussain will be slain in the land of Taff. He brought the soil of that land to me and said that he will be buried underneath this soil.”
The same hadith has been narrated by Ayesha but with the addition “Certainly Hazrat Jibra’eel showed me the soil of the Earth where Hussain will be killed. Then the wrath of Allah will be severe on those who spilled his blood.”
The same hadith is quoted elsewhere with addition “Jibra’eel informed me that Hussain will be killed in the land of Iraq. When I said show me the soil where he will be killed, he brought red soil. Hazrat Umm Salama then collected and stored some of the soil upon her Khimar.”
Ibn Asakir (RA) quoted Hazrat Umm Salama (RA) saying also “Wrath of Allah be upon Hussain’s Killer.”
Hakim narrated from Umm Fadl bint Harith (RA) that The Holy Prophet (SM) said “Hazrat Jibra’eel came to me and informed me that my Ummah will kill my son and he gave me some of the red soil.”
Ahmad ibn Hanbal (RA) narrated that The Holy Last Messenger (SM) said “An angel came in my house who had never come before. Then he addressed me and said “This son of yours will be killed and if you wish I could bring you the soil of that place. Then he place a bit of red soil in my hands.”
In Sahih Muslim vol. 4 CH. 9 Aisha (divorced wife of Prophet SM) reported that “The Messenger of Allah (SM) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel’s hair (with the support of other hadith we come to know that Nabi (SM) went out to Umm Salama’s house) then Hasan ibn Ali came. He wrapped him under it, then came Hussain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (i.e. Hasan). Then came Fatimah and he took her under it, then came Ali and he also took him under it and then said:
“Allah only desires to take away any impurities from you, O people of the household, and purify you with a thorough purifying.” Surah 33:33.
In Sunan ibn Majah, Allah’s Messenger (SM) said, “O Allah, whoso loves Hasan and Hussain in fact loves me and whoso hates them indeed hates me.”
In Sunan ibn Majah Sa’id ibn Abu Rashid (RA) reported a lengthily hadith in which he quoted The Holy Last Messenger (SM) saying “Hussain pertain to me and I pertain to Hussain. May Allah love him who loves Hussain. Hussain is one of my Sibt. (The word sibt used in the text means a group, a section. Accordingly, to some scholars, the word sibt denotes the real descendants while to other scholars; it implies his descendants who were born later. The word sibt is thus used in all these meanings.)
In Hayatus Sahabah Abu Awn reported: “That when Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali intended to go to Mecca from Medina, he happened to come across Ibn Muti, who was digging his well. So Ibn Muti’ said to him This is my well. I am till to this date engaged in trying to get water from it and many days have passed in trying to get water from it and many days have passed over this work. The bucket does not fill fully. Would that you pray for plentitude in it for us! ” Hazrat Hussain said Bring the water of that well. He brought the water of that well in a bucket. Hazrat Hussain drank from that bucket, then gargled into it and then got that water thrown into that well, wherefore not only its water increased but also it became sweet.”
Hazrat Hussain (RA) was not just a Muslim, or a companion of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) he was the flesh and blood (living example from the household of Nabi Mohammad SM.) Upon whose grandfather revelation had been finalized. Upon whose father wilayat had continued through. Surely Allah and His Messenger knows best.
However, Hazrat Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) set out for Kufa, Iraq after the invitation and pledge of the Iraqi people but he was stopped at the desolate desert of Karbala and prevented from leaving by the forces of the Ummayyad governor ‘Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad, under the command of ‘Umar ibn Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas. The Battle ensued and Hazrat Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and 72 members of Ahlul‐Bayt and supporters were ruthlessly butchered and beheaded. The survivors of Ahlul‐Bayt were humiliated and treated like prisoners of war then sent back to Medina and kept under close watch. Here is the historical discourse of Hazrat Hussain’s speech to the people of Iraq Hazrat Hussain prayed, praised Allah and said:
“O people The Messenger of Allah (SM) said: “He who saw an unjust Sultan ruler acting what Allah has forbidden and breaking the pledge of Allah, contradicting the teachings of The Messenger of Allah,(SM) and adopting the behavior of atrocity and aggression, thereby resisting him neither by act, nor by saying, Allah shall punish him.” So, these people have committed themselves to the obedience of Satan, quit the obedience of Allah the Most Gracious, showed their corruption broke the fundamentals of Shari’ah, seized the lands, legalized the haram of Allah and forbade His permissible. I am the one who has the right to this matter. I have received your letters and your messengers with your pledge of allegiance. You neither show full support for me nor did you let me down. If you give me your full pledge of allegiance you will be reasonable. I am Hussain ibn ‘Ali and the son of Fatimah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (SM). I am with you and my family is with yours. You will find in me an example to follow. If you don’t do this, if you broke your pledge and refrained from my pledge of allegiance, I avow this is not new for you did before. You did it with my father (Ali) and with my brother (Hasan) and cousin (Muslim ibn ‘Aqeel). The conceited is the one who is tempted by you. It is your fortune you missed and it is your share you lost. He who broke the pledge he did it for himself. Allah is sufficient for us, Was Salamu ‘Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu.”
In Hayatus Sahabah Zuhri (RA) has said: “Abdul Malik said to me With which lone sign that was found on the of Hazrat Hussain’s murder are you incomparable? “ I said Which ever stone was lifted at Baitul Muqaddas, fresh blood was found under it. So Abdul Malik said I and you are comrades of each other in knowing this hadith (i.e. , you are not alone in knowing it.)
In another tradition Zuhri (RA) has stated: “that on the day of Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali’s murder, whichever stone was lifted in Syria, there was blood beneath it”.
From Umm Hakim (RA) it is related: “that the day when Hazrat Hussain was martyred, the sky became jet red like thick blood and I was a child those days.
Hazrat Umm Salamah (RA) says “I heard that the jinn used to lament over Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali.” She also stated, “I did not hear the jinni lamentation after the maut of the Messenger of Allah (SM), but tonight, and as far as I think, my son, i.e. Hussain has been martyred. She said to her slave maid Go out and inquire. So that slave maid was informed that he had been martyred. And Suddenly a female jinn was lamenting over him, saying:
“O eye! Beware! Shed tears over my toil. And who will cry over the martyrs after me?
Shed tears over a party which death is dragging towards one who, in spite of being a slave, is an oppressor in the country.”
Hazrat Maimunah (RA) says: “I heard the jinn that were lamenting over Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali.
Hazrat ibn Abbas (RA) says: “that I saw the Holy Prophet (SM) in a dream in the afternoon that his hairs were disheveled and dusty and he had a bottle in his hand. I asked what of this bottle? His Holiness said this is Hussain’s and His companion’s blood which I have collecting since this morning.”
Hazrat ibn Abbas said, “We saw that Hazrat Hussain had been martyred on the same day.”
In Sunan ibn Majah Suddiyy (RA) narrated from Subayh (RA) (mawla of Umm Salama) from Zaid ibn Aram (RA) said: “The Holy Last Messenger (SM) said to Ali, Fatimahh, Hasan and Hussain: “I am peace with whom you’re at peace and I am at Harb war with whom you are Harb war.”
Hazrat Hussain ibn Ali (RA) was martyred 61 A.H. in Karbala, Iraq at the command of Yazid ibn Mu’awiyya ibn Abu Sufiyan. His head was taken to Syria to the throne of Yazid ibn Abi Sufiyan (May Allah Place Curse upon Yazid).
The Abovementioned stone’s relevancy had been misinterpreted in many false fabricated hadith narrated by so‐called Bukhari and other hadith writer from Syria.
Please note that, H. Hussein’s Head still present at Cairo Egypt in accordance of Historian His Eminency Dr. M N Alam in his findings when he visited the Holy Shrine in 1986, Cairo, Egypt.
The Battle of Harra
The Battle of Harra 63 AH/683
The significance of The Battle of Harra and the terrible loss of life and the sacking of Medina cannot be minimized. The decline of the Caliphate into monarchy had culminated into sheer tyranny and oppression. The citizens of Medina expelled the Ummayyad family and their supporters after the tragedy of Karbala. Yazid ibn Mu`awiyya would send 10,000 armed soldiers into Medina. Hazrat Abu Said Khudri (RA), Hazrat ‘Abdullah ibn Hanzala (RA) would be shaheed in this battle. In fact; most of the veteran Ansar‐ Sahabah who were still alive was massacred. Horses of the army defiled the Holy Masjid of Nabi Mohammad (SM). The pillaging of the women was such extant that the children born to these women after this event were called “The Children of Harra” because no less than 1,000 women were raped in Medina. Medina never recovered its political role after this. Muslim ibn ‘Uqba was in charge of the operation under the orders of Yazid ibn Abi Sufiyan he allowed his army to pillage Medina for 3 days in which there was no adhan or congregational salah. He allowed his soldiers to kill and loot to such an extent that he was given the nickname Musrif (one who exceeds the limits) in accounts of this event. He would abruptly maut before he could reach Mecca. Then the army proceeded to Mecca and the news of Yazid’s sudden death while Mecca was under siege complicated the situation.
By this point, human rights had been placed under the foot of oppression and high handedness. The face is that the Islamic government had completely changed since the days of the only Rashidun Caliphate of Hazrat Ali (AS). A new face of government had surfaced. The Caliphate had declined to such an extent that since that time, the Islamic ummah though increasing in numbers suffered severely from insincerity and disloyalty. We are reminded that the struggle between truth and falsehood comes with a heavy price. We are reminded of this when we think of the city of Medina as it was in the time of Hazrat Mohammad (SM). Extreme abuses of power and politics infected every level of government and destroyed the moral fabric of the Islamic community. The Caliphate and its administration had been plagued with insincere people who had no care for the legacy of Hazrat Mohammad (SM), the sanctity of the Holy Cities, kith and kin, blood or property of a Muslim. Let alone the inviolable blood of Ahlul‐Bayt.
This atmosphere forced the most beloved family to live, teach and persevere mostly in solitude and isolation from the public. This detachment from worldly affairs, combined with unprecedented selflessness and a strict discipline of the lower self (nafs e ammara) gave rise to the Sufi community. These examples or demonstrations in such hard times, in such hardships led to rise of the Sufism science or Sufism ideology. Sufism sciences combine various methods worship as a means of purification for the seeker to gain proximity and total reliance with his Creator.