The Ahlul-Bayt
Assassination of The Eleven Imams & The Collapse of the Caliphate

The Creator’s First Creation: The Light of Mohammad (SM)

The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) brought forward a philosophy of life announcing a new dictum

“God the Almighty is the Truth undoubtedly, but His Creation, this universe is not a lie; this world is our workplace. Human life is not an illusion or a dream; it is real and is the truth. Yet it is not the whole truth because at the finality of this life, we have an afterlife. Only when we can combine the two, we are able to comprehend the whole truth. We have an afterlife; we shall not cease with death nor shall we be usurped and infused into God.”

Islam then gave the world a bold, new and striking philosophy of the universe and a unique truth of existence. The glorious AlQuran (Holy Book of Muslims) is the complete code of life for the human beings, which acts for believer or nonbeliever.

The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was the Promised Prophet; that is, it was preordained that God The Almighty would send Him to Earth. Each artistic creation is first brought into existence in the mind of the artist and is expressed outwardly much later. This too was held to be true for the advent of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). He was the center point of all creations. Consequently, His glorious form was formulated first in the thoughts of The Almighty. This glorious form is the “The Light of Mohammad” and that is the reason why God created the light of Mohammad (PBUH).

“Aualla Ma Khallakallahu Nuri” ‐‐‐‐ Al Hadis

The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) has said: “At first what God The Almighty created was the light.” It can be said without question that The Promised Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was born before the start of creation. His meditated representation cast an imperceptible shadow from moon to moon, star to star, planet to planet, and man to man. One singular and immense curiosity arose everywhere in nature and in the heart of the universe: where, when, and how will this meditated form appear in this vast universe? (Al Quran, Surah Yasin & Ar‐Rahman)

The meaning of the coming of the Promised Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) has to be understood in this way: that the coming of The Promised Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) was predetermined by the laws of nature. That which is inevitable according to the laws of nature is necessarily promised before its arrival. That The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) will appear on this earth was not unknown to the world; Prophet Adam, Prophet Moses, Prophet Noah and Prophet Jesus had all presaged the coming of the Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) according to all the Prophet’s given scripture. In many of the ancient religious texts—such as the Vedas, the Puranas, the Jindabesta, the Torah, the Digha‐Nikaya, the Jabur, the Injil—the advent of The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) has been predicted. When God felt the desire to create, a predetermined glorious thought must have come forth and manifested itself. This imagination is known as Nuri Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) or The Light of Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him). This Light is the reason behind the creation of all objects in the visible and material world.

The plan and design for the creation of Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) existed before creation, because The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was the center point of the primary purpose of creation. Therefore, He was created first from the glorious light of God. This was very natural. In other words, it can be said that the Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was born before all creation. Just as an artist gives expression to the design in his imagination step by step, so did God give expression to the thoughts of His primary creation gradually. This is the reason why Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) had to appear last. All else was created first for the manifestation of the Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) who is the principal reason for all creation.

Without Him, God may not have created anything.

God  the  Almighty Himself  has  stated  in  the  Holy  Quran:

“Without You, I may not have created the sky or the stars.”

However, a picture can never achieve the ideal of excellence if only the principal design is presented by itself; it requires a background, a setting. If one draws a beautiful picture on an empty canvas, surely it will not be very pleasing. It has to be set against a background of light and dark, a chiaroscuro where the cataracts flowing from the mountains will dance, the flowers in the garden will be smiling, the bird Koel and Papia will be singing, where the open blue sky will reign glorious overhead, the full moon and the stars will twinkle through the clouds. The principle design has to be dressed in a similar manner in its beauty and sense, in its hues and fragrance. God too had done the same.

Almighty God did not at first manifest the primary objective of His creation, but created everywhere its background. Above was the vast, blue sky dressed in billions of stars and planets, below a beauteous earth carpeted with soft green grass; elsewhere, there were rivers and rivulets, enormous lakes, and mountain ranges touching the sky. Thus He arranged the scenery exquisitely and at last expressed the picture of His mediation and thought, The Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him).

The moon and the sun, the sky and the wind, the mountains and the rivers, the birds and the beasts all understood for whom the vast universe was being so beautifully ornamented and arranged, and whose hues were coloring their inner and outer selves. All of creation was waiting for the coming of the ever wished for, yet to appear Guest. Thoughts of Him, dreams of Him awoke in their eyes, and His footsteps resounded in the secret chambers of the corners of their being. Just as, before a flower blooms, the dream of the flower awakens in each branch, each leaf of a tree, so had thoughts of Him, His shadow, His form, His compassion awakened everywhere in the universe, even before He appeared. The sun and the rain, the light and the wind, surrender all the powers and treasures of their being to the flowering tree to help it blossom. Just as the bird bulbul waits silently in the garden in expectation of the flower, so had the universe and nature waited for the coming of the Prophet Mohammad (SAW). Everyone knew that He would appear. In the Vedas, the Puranas, the Jabur and the Torah there were clear signals of His coming: The Prophets Adam, Moses, and Christ had announced the prophetic words of His advent. Thus He was born before appearing on Earth. He came before he was coming. That is why the rays of His glorious light were playing on Earth and in the sky.

A Point His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Shah Sufi M N Alam wanted to make for those whom had been criticizing Almighty Allah’s Beloved Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SM) the following question should be asked to theirselves, “If the Great Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SM) is the Light of Allah, and Allah created such a Universe for his beloved Prophet, WHY WOULD THERE BE ANY NEED OF PROPHET’S CHEST BEING CUT OPEN TO PURIFY IT?” Starting from the time Prophet passed away the enemies of Islam fused with fanatic Jews and Christians had been trying to diminish Islam from its root course. Needless to say, Islam was and is as well as will continue to be fast growing religion in the world, this fact also passed thru the Fanatic Jewish and Christian follower’s mind and did not hesitate to affair into it. Apparently, those fanatic Jewish, Christian as well as Islam followers had been able to put a slow poison to paralyze the root of Islam by misinterpreting many of the verses of the Holy Quran. From time to time, Abbassiya Caliph Al- Mamun’s reign when Bukhari, Tirmidhi, Nessaye, Abu Dawud fabricated Hadiths stated, Prophet Mohammad’s chest was cut open and cleansed with Wisdom and ZamZam Water and replaced by Angel Gibrael, which is absolutely false and fabricated. Along with the misinterpretation of Surah Ahzab’s Verse 56 a crucial fact of Holy Quran, Where Allah admits, “Him and His Direct Special Angels are continuously saluting the Great Prophet Mohammad (SM)” and misinterpreted meanings states, “Allah and His Special Angels are blessing the beloved Prophet?” How can that be, if Great Prophet already got a title “Rahmatullil Alameen” This misinterpretation not only changed the main root of Islam but also left millions and millions of people’s faith left ashtray. Currently, the Saudi Monarchy sponsoring Selafi, Ohabi, Najdi, Tabhligi still camouflaging abovementioned misinterpretation of Verse of Surah Ahzab along many other hadiths and verses of Holy Quran. His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Shah Sufi M N Alam 43rd Direct Descendant from the Prophet of Islam, states very strongly, “Those who will hinder to even think Prophet Mohammad’s (SM) virtues and values as always his importance in Islam are doubtable or questionable than even if you are among the believer, YOU Must retake your Oath of Shadah, if not they will not be considered good Muslim” In Accordance of Holy Quran Surah Al-Qalam.

The corrected Meaning of Verse 56 Surah Ahzab, “Bismillah Hir Rahmanir Rahim” “The Almighty God certainly has been, is and will continue to send infinite love and affection to his beloved prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SM) along with his special angels who are directed by the Almighty God to continuously salute with respect, dignity and honor to the beloved Holy Prophet for His kind attention. The Almighty God again commanding to the true believers to pay respect with dignity and honor for their forgiveness and mercy from the beloved Holy Prophet of Islam and Mankind”. (AlQuran Surah Al Ahzab, 33:56)

Hazrat Mohammad (SM) is the crown of all the Prophets and beloved Prophet of Almighty God. He was the first one that Allah the Almighty Created from his own light (Nur). The whole Universe along with the Sun, Moon, Earth and 18000 planets were created including First Man Adam (A)’s life was also given from the Light of Nur-e-Nabi, Safi- Ul-Majnabeen, Awaleen, Akherin, RahmatullilAlameen & Nurri Min Nurrullah. He WILL be Attorney General for the MERCY of WHOLE Creation & Mankind at the Court of the Almighty God on Judgment day.

Hazrat Abi Talib (RA), Hazrat Khadizah (RA) & Hazrat Hamza (RA)’s Importance towards Islam’s Establishment

The new religion Islam brought fourth by Hazrat Mohammad (SM) was upheld by the great contributions of Hazrat Abi Talib (RA) Uncle and guardian of Prophet SM. If it wasn’t for Hazrat Hamza (RA) & Prophet’s first wife Hazrat Khadijah Tul Kobra’s supreme contribution towards Prophet’s newly introduced religion Islam; Islam’s backbone could not had been properly established.

Hazrat Ali (A.) being the Living Quran

Hazrat ‘Ali ibn Abee Taalib (A) was the cousin of the Messenger of Allah SAW as well as his son‐in‐law because of his marriage to Fatima the daughter of the Messenger of Allah SAW. He entered the religion of Islam when he was only nine years old and he was the first boy to accept Islam. ‘Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) emigrated from Mecca to Medina and he fought alongside the Messenger of Allah SAW in the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of Al‐ Khandaq and all of the other battles except for the Battle of Tabuk because the Prophet SAW ordered him to stay with his family. Moreover, in many of the battles, the Messenger of Allah gave ‘Ali the responsibility of carrying the flag of the Muslim Army and he became well known for his valor and bravery.

Hazrat Ali (A) being the successor of Prophet (SM)

As Muhammad (SM) was returning from his last pilgrimage in 632, he made statements about Ali that are interpreted very differently by Sunnis and Shias. He halted the caravan at Ghadir Khumm, gathered the returning pilgrims for communal prayer and began to address them: “O people, I am not a ordinary human being. I am about to receive a message from my Lord and I, in response to Allah’s call, (would bid good-bye to you), but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family. (Ahlul-Bayt)”

In the yr. 35 AH Ahmad narrated that Abu Tufayl (RA) said: “ H. Ali (RA) gathered people in the court of the mosque and said to them, “I adjure you by Allah, of every Muslim man who heard The Messenger of Allah (saw) saying on the day of Ghadir Khumm what he said when he arose.” Thirty men stood up and bore witness that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “He for whom I am His Master & absolute guardian, then ‘Ali is his master & absolute gurdian. “O Allah befriend whoever befriends him and be an enemy to whoever is his enemy.” note: Nabi Muhammad (SM) spoke these words while giving a historical khutbah after having being told by Allah (swt) : “ O Messenger of Allah (saw), deliver to the people what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and if you do not then you will not have delivered his message (at all) and Allah will protect you from the people. For Allah does not like those who reject Iman (Faith). 5: 67 Allah (swt) followed this ayah with Surah 5:3 “This day I have perfected your religion and completed my favor on Mankind and chose Islam as your religion.”

Phase -1 The Beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SM)

Whose emphasis was on teaching Islam in depth, especially to the True Sahaabas (Companions), and making Islam available to the maximum number of people‐ yet, bearing in mind that it would take an average person a long time to assimilate Islam. Therefore, Nabi Muhammad (SAW) did not fight the Hypocrites but many Qur‘anic ayah were revealed concerning them. Nabi Muhammad (saw) had many visions concerning them as well. A major Islamic event that has shaped the Islamic empire up to this very day were shown to Allah’s Beloved Nabi Muhammad (saw).  In Surah Ma’ida ayah 55 “Verily, Allah is your Wali (Supreme Lord ‐ Overseer) and so is his Messenger and those who believe and establish prayer and give zakat while in state of ruku’ (state of bowing).”

The Occasion of this ayah is H. Abu Dhar al‐Ghifari (RA) a highly regarded Sahaabah reported Nabi Muhammad (SAW) saying “Ali is the beacon of righteousness and the destroyer of Infidels. He who helps him is victorious and he who abandons him is vanquished.” Abu Dhar al‐Ghifari continued “One day while I was saying my prayers in the company The Prophet (SAW), a beggar came to the Masjid asking for something, but nobody gave him anything. Ali while in the state of Ruku in the prayer, pointed out his ring finger to the beggar. The beggar approached Ali and removed the ring from his finger. At this occasion The Prophet (SAW) prayed to Allah “Delight my heart make my task less arduous by appointing Ali as his Wazir (representative and helper).” This was a du’a of reinforcement to strengthen Nabi Muhammad (SAW) endeavor like Harun (RA) was to Musa (RA). Abu Dhar continued “By Allah, The Prophet had not yet finished his du’a ‐ supplication when H. Jibra’eel (AS) descended to him with this ayah saying “ Verily, verily Allah is your Wali, and so is His Messenger, and those who believe and establish prayer and give zakat while in state of ruku’.”

Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib, H. Hasan, H. Hussain

They were the only ones who would confront the negative forces caused by weak faith persons who threatened to undermine Islam, Be it during the Caliphate of H. Ali, the Peace agreement of H. Hasan which was prophesied by Nabi Muhammad (SM), or the events leading to the explosive but anticipated Karbala battle which was also prophesied by H. Muhammad (SM) during his lifetime in Madina.

Importance of Phase 1 – 3

These great Scholars took on their shoulders the heavy task of teaching (educational endeavor) once the confrontational phase was over. This culminated in the establishing of Medina’s first University whose main source of information was the Corpus of knowledge handed down from H. Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) about whom H. Muhammad (SM) said:  “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is it’s gate”

Their Universities and methods of teaching had flourish and expanded throughout the Islamic Empire up to today.

Importance Of Phase 1 – 3

The first two phases would exceed volumes of pages. Therefore, these phases are summarized in the 1st Chapter. All efforts were taken to detail the third phase which is of the least mentioned in the Sunni circles today. This was the educational phase and direct involvement in promulgating and teaching in light of the sunnah of Nabi Muhammad (SM). This trend of avoidance and sheer ignorance has led many to totally dismiss the sacrifices of Ahlul‐Bayt as mere Shi’a tradition. While ignoring the fact that early Islamic knowledge flourished from these Great personalities.

For instance, Immediately after H. Hussain ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) was butchered alongside his family and supporters. The promulgation of this horrific event was immediately undertaken by the remaining Ahlul‐Bayt. In 62 AH a famous Sahaaba, Companion of H. Muhammad (SAW), H. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah Al Ansari (RA) who was in his late 70’s at this time performed the very first pilgrimage to the burial site of Imam Hussein. Due to his age and blindness he was accompanied by his student H. Atiyyah ibn Sa’d (RA) who was a famous tabi’een who also studied under H. Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA). His visit coincided with those remaining of Ahlul‐Bayt who were returning from Yazid court in Damascus and culminated in spreading the message of Imam Hussein’s supreme sacrifice. Though he could never be regarded by today’s Ahlus Sunnah as a Shi’a; he remained a firm follower and supporter of Ahlul‐Bayt throughout his life as we will read later. Ever since a young man like so many other loyal Sahaba he would give everything to protect the life and family of The Holy Last Messenger (SM). DO NOT OPPRESS AND DO NOT LIVE UNDER TYRANNY.

Today, government and leadership have weakened to the level of greed, politics, falsehood and ceaseless bloodshed. All of which had ended and made forbidden under the code and corpus of existence, The Glorious Al Qur’an and Nabi Muhammad Mustafa (SM) over 1400 yrs. ago in the city of Madinatul Munawarra. We have come too far away from Allah’s guidance in pursuit of gratification in this transitory abode. We are a civilization that consists of many denominations. We should understand the sacrifices of these blessed souls as the sole means to preserve the true identity of the fastest growing religions in the world.

The fact remains that sadly, majority of Muslims today know nothing of Islam’s identity, history, let alone the meaning behind the tragic lives of these illustrious members (Ahlul‐Bayt) of Nabi Muhammad‘s (SM) family. We have stayed along the path Qur’an and Sunnah of Nabi Muhammad (SM) by avoiding dangerous Shi’a (false shi’a ‐ propagandists), Salafi/ Wahhabi/Jamaate/Tablighi information in this text. By the hands of these sects and many others instead of spreading peace; corruption, tyranny and oppression flourish. It’s time to finally reveal first then move on to elect the model characteristics necessary for leadership and government. It’s time to denounce injustice, tyranny and oppression in light or in view of the sacrifices of The Holy Last Messenger Muhammad (saw) and his blessed Ahlul‐Bayt. May Allah (swt) send countless Love and Affection upon H. Muhammad (SAW) and His blessed Family about whom Allah (swt) revealed: Surah 33/ 33. 

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According to H. Aisha and H. Umm Salamah (RA) this ayah was revealed on behalf of Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Hussein (RA.) The Asbabul‐Nuzul or reason for sending of this ayah must be taken into context in order to have correct understanding. The term Ahlul‐Bayt was used endearingly by Nabi Muhammad (saw). While busy with her choirs Umm Salama (RA) heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say: “Bring them to me, Bring them to me.” He wanted to immediately see Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Hussein. The Holy Prophet (SM) immediately covered them in his mantle including himself. Then the Holy Prophet (SM) raised his hands in supplication saying: “Dear Rabb! This is my Ahlul Bayt, I implore you to sanctify them, and remove from them all impurities.” Nabi Muhammad (saw) informed those present that H. Jibra’eel (AS) had just revealed to him a unique ayah. An ayah which decreed to specifically: “To purify them and sanctify them”. Umm Salamah (RA) asked “How about me? Can I come under the mantle?” Nabi Muhammad (SM) replied “No, stay where you are, you are in a fine state.”

It is narrated through Anas ibn Malik that “for six months following this revelation, every morning (while going to Fajr Salah) the Holy Prophet (saw) used to knock on the door of H. Fatimah and loudly recite this ayah.” (note : some sources say 9 months instead of 6.)

Some commentators of H. Qur’an say that this ayah was revealed at H. ‘Aisha’s house. H. Jabir al Ansari reported that this ayah was revealed in H. Fatimah’s house and some reports say this ayah was revealed in H. Umm Salama’s house which indicates that this ayah was revealed on more than one occasion. After the revelation of this ayah H. Jibra’eel informed Nabi Muhammad (saw) who constituted Ahlul Bayt, they were to be Nabi himself, Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Hussein (RA). It is worthy to mention here that at the time this ayah was revealed H. Hasan and H. Hussein (RA) were young children and only Allah knew what their future contribution to Islam would be and therefore informed his beloved Prophet Mohammad (saw) in great detail. Allah (swt) knew the pivotal role these great personalities would play, thus he specified them for this honor. This ayah indicates clearly that Allah himself honor these honorable souls so specifically, that he promised to keep them pure, honored and sanctified.

As events unfold in this book through the ensuing 329 years after the physical departure of Nabi Muhammad (SM) in 11 AH., their steadfastness and contributions verify the very essence of this ayah. They sacrificed everything in order to teach and demonstrate the Sunna of Nabi Muhammad (SM) in its pristine form. They jeopardized and even sacrificed their lives and the lives of their children for this purpose! They continued to persevere and suffered dearly at the hands of tyrants and detractors. This book is in honor of the Caliphate to come to Islam. May Allah (swt) make his example shine brightly.

Those who did the ground work for this scholastic research contents, worked very hard and studied extensively to find unadulterated narrations of this forgotten history. May Allah make their work shine bright. May the Muslims continue to make du’a for the families of these students. Ameen. Umm Na’im Abdul Haqq, Umm Jaleel Abdul Hakim, Umm Basir Abdul Haqq, Umm Abdul Ahad Welch, Umm Abdul Hakim, Sis Taqiyyah bint Mujahid, Sis Zakiyyah Nur, Sis Nadimah, bint and Sis Abiah Jones. May Allah bless Them and their families with peace and perseverance. Ameen

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CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light)

ARABIA IN THE TIME OF THE HOLY LAST MESSENGER (SM)

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Old Picture of AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA

The site were the Holy Last Messenger (SM) performed eid salah in the last 4 years of his life. Were he performed Salatul Istikah (special prayer for rain), in fact the word al Ghamama i.e. (the gathering clouds) which appeared after The Holy Last Messenger (SM) performed this special prayer. Where he performed the Janazah salah for An Najashi (He was the historical Aksumite Emperor in Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

Al Medinatul‐Munawarra, the radiant city known by more than 90 names that generally denote respect and honor located in the western region of the Hejaz. One of the holiest cities in Islam with battles sites of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq located there. Along with Al Masjid Nabawi, Quba Masjid and Masjid al Qiblatain which are three of the oldest sites in Islam. Medina was the capital of Islam from the time Nabi Muhammad (SM) made hijrah in 622 CE until Ameerul‐ Mu’mineen Ali (RA) Caliphate in 652CE/30 AH. This city was the home and the burial place of Nabi Muhammad (SM) along with Ameerul Mu’mineen Abu Bakr Sadiq and Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar Farooq (RA) who were very close companions of Nabi Muhammad (SM). To this very date Nabi Muhammad (SM) is buried in his home which is adjoining the Masjid Nabawi he’d help build with his own hands. The Jannatul Baqi cemetery is where many of Nabi Muhammad’s (SM) relatives and close companions are buried. Most of the historic relics of Medina have been demolished under late 18th then 19th, and 20th century Saudi Dynasty (Abdul Wahab Najdi Followers So‐called King Abdul Aziz bin Al‐Saud) rule over the Hejaz by the patron ship of British Empire whom ceased the power from the Ottoman Empire Governor Al‐Sharif of Mekkah and became self‐proclaimed King of Arabian Peninsula by the help and assistance of British Empire in the time of The Queen Elizabeth The 1st. Now thousands of new stores and shops have been established to cater to the needs of the West and its allies alike. Medina has now changed into a modern urban center while trying to maintain its pure religious identity. The first mention of this blessed city dates back to the 6th Century BC. The first people to live there were various tribes who trace their lineage back to H. Shem ibn Nuh (AS) – The blessed son of Nabi Nuh (AS). Then various Yemenite tribes arrived some time later and at that time there were approximately 70 Arab tribes and atheist 20 Jewish tribes living in Medina. In the pre Islamic era, Medina was known as Yathrib full of dry riverbeds which swell up during heavy rains and it is situated on a plain with wadis fed by runoff streams from surrounding hills. The city had abundant water supply which fed vast date palms and vegetables gardens. The availability of food and water made Medina an important re‐provisioning point for caravans that traveled the commercial routes from Southern Hejaz along the Red Sea to Syria and Egypt.

In Accordance of His Eminency Dr. Sheikh Shah Sufi Mohammad Nurul Alam 43rd Direct Descendant of Great Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SM) had predicted in his Authentic Book “Destruction & Peace End of Saudi Monarchy, ISBN# 978‐0615404233” that, The current regime of Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz will be the last king of Saudi Monarchy along with ten thousands of Suadi Prince’s life will also be at danger upon the arrival of Imam Mahdi (AS). It should be noted that, in the time of King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz of the Saudi Monarchy, he had received a dream from our beloved Prophet with direction to reconstruct and develop Masjid‐e‐Nabwai Holy Mosque of Prophet Mohammad (SM). Accordingly since 1982 the Masjid‐e‐Nabwai of Madina and Masjid‐e‐Haramayen in Mekkah was rapidly reconstructed and developed for accommodation with modern facilities for over ten million worshipers as well as to utilize for the Imam Mahdi followers and soldiers.

According to tradition, In 617 A Confederacy of Arab tribes(namely Umayyad clan and their supporters) declared a public boycott against their long time commercial rival Bani Hashim, even those who hadn’t embraced (of Bani Hashim) Islam in order to put pressure on the clan to withdraw protection for H. Muhammad (SM) so they could kill him. The terms imposed on Bani Hashim as reported by Ibn Ishaq were: “No one should marry their women nor give women for them to marry; that no one should either buy from or sell to them.” A confederate or coalition of tribes agreed and wrote it in a deed hung it in the Ka’ba to make it more binding upon themselves.” This oppression lasted for a period of 3 yrs., during which Bani Hashim and the early Muslim community virtually starved in Mecca. The hardships had fatally affected the health of Nabi Muhammad’s (SM) wife Umm ul Mu’mineen H. Khadijat ul Kubra (RA) and his guardian and supporter Abu Talib, culm

“They wish to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths but Allah will perfect his light however the disbelievers may be averse to it.” S. 9:32

This forced H. Muhammad (SM) to make Hijrah (flight) to Yathrib, North of Mecca. After 13 yrs of ongoing oppression and persecution H. Muhammad (SM) had received the invitation and later pledge from the Khazraj and ‘Aws tribes to unite the people of that city who were at civil war and a most savage conflict. The ‘Aws and Khazraj both had alliances with some of the Jewish tribes who lived beside them in Yathrib. But relations between them were often strained and fraught with ill feeling, the monotheistic Jews, who were conscious of being God’s Chosen people despised the polytheistic Arabs, while having to pay them a certain respect because of their greater strength.

“They will always live under the protection or rule of other …. That is because they disobey Allah and kill his messengers”.

In heated moments of frustration, These Jewish tribes were known to say:
“The time of a Prophet who is to be sent is now at hand with him we shall slay you, even as ‘Ad and ‘Iram were slain.”

(Note: Ad and Iram where ancient nations/tribes who were suddenly destroyed because of their refusal to obey the Prophets who were sent to them).

In friendlier moments, the Jews often spoke to them of the Oneness of Allah, and of man’s final end, and they would discuss these questions together. So when the Yathrib Arabs heard that a man in Mecca had now in fact declared himself to be An-Nabi, they opened their ears, and they were even more interested when they were told something about the message of H. Muhammad (SM), for they were already familiar with many of the principles of orthodox religion. Torn asunder by enmity and evil described these times in Yathrib. The Battle of Bu’ath, the fourth and most savage conflict of the civil war, had not altogether been decisive; nor had it been followed by any peace treaty worthy of name but merely an agreement to stop fighting for the moment. This prolonged state of chronic bitterness and an increasing number of incidents of violence had won overall opinion that they needed a chief who would unite them as the ancestor of The Patriarch of Quraysh; Qusayy ibn kilab had united the Quraysh centuries ago. (Qusayy was direct descendant of Nabi Ibrahim (AS) through his son Nabi Isma’el (AS) and he was a great ancestor of Nabi Muhammad (SM). This blessed city eventually became the center of activity for Holy Last Messenger (SM). This time period was the turning point in world history, it marked the establishment of the first Islamic State and the rapid growth of what many consider a new faith but in reality all deen is founded on the one basic principle LA ILAHA ILLA LLAH There is no deity (or anything else for that matter) worthy of worship besides One True God, ALLAH (SWT). From that point on Yathrib became Medinatul‐monwara (The City of the Prophet). The date of the Holy Last Messenger’s (SM) arrival marked the first year of the Islamic calendar Muharram 1rst 622 CE.

It may be mentioned here that, Since the Prophet had arrived in Medina from Makkah, the Muslims had Qiblah towards the Jerusalem, The Temple of Prophet Suleiman ibn Dawud (PBUH) till continuously 16 months. But One day at the time of noon prayer in Masjidulqiblatain Allah directed Nabi Mohammad (SM) by the H. Quran to change the Qiblah towards Holy Kabah of Makkah‐tul‐Mokarrama. At the same night Jews tribe leaders of Madina‐tul‐monwara started conspiracy against the H. Mohmmad (SM) because their King Suleiman’s temple of Jerusalem were disregarded by H. Mohammad (SM). Since then till now the Jews communities had started conspiracy against the Holy Prophet and Islam. In the time of Battle of Ahazab, 372 Hyporcite muslim converted from Jews made conspiracy by the active cooperation of Abu‐Sufiyan to kill H. Mohammad (SM) and his associates. But Allah (swt) had directed his beloved Prophet to kill all 372 hypocrite Muslims (Converted Jews) by a faithful converted Jew Abu‐Lobaba whom was the Two Star General of H. Mohmmad (SM)’s Army. And Abu‐Lobaba had killed all of the Jews within 24 hours. Since than those fanatic Jews had escaped from Madina‐tulmonwara towards current day Humburgh, West Germany. In the time of Hitler, whom killed over one hundred thousands of jews because of their fanaticism. Rest of fanatic Jews left for Soviet‐union, finally in the time of WWII those fanatic Jews again escaped from Soviet‐Union towards America by leadership of Henry Kissinger’s forefathers, a former secretary state of America. In accordance of Millennium Prophecy Statement of His Eminency Dr. M N Alam’s statement this so‐called fanatic Jews will be completely relingquished from USA as well as Tel‐Aviv, Jerusalem upon arrival of Imam Mahdi (12th Imam). “His Eminency Dr. Hazrat Shah Sufi M N Alam’s Millennium Prophecy Statement Authentic History of The World, Arrival of Imam Mahdi (A:) Along with Reemergence of Jesus Christ To Co‐Create Heaven on Earth, ISBN# 978‐0615379753”.

Upon arrival at age 55, the last 10 yrs. of his life were spent educating and strengthening the Ummah in Medina. Medina became the administrative home for the new Islamic state. It was from here that successful campaigns were launched. It was also from here the successful campaigns to convince tribes to abandon idolatry was waged in pursuit of true peace and justice. It was also in this very city that Nabi Muhammad’s (SM) Companions compiled the blessed lines of H. Qur’an, collected and related Hadith (narrations of the various examples of Nabi Muhammad (SM) that would serve as the basis of shari’ah. The first three Caliphs of the Rashidun Caliphate continued to administrate from Medina. Medina‐tul‐Monwara was loved by Nabi Muhammad (SM) and his close companions. They preferred Medina just as H. Muhammad (SM) had preferred Medina after The Battle of Tabuk in 9 AH. The administrative and political problems of the Islamic empire forced the 4th of Rashidun Caliphate Ameerul Mu’mineen H. Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) to shift the capital away from Medina to Kufa, Iraq.

When Imam Malik was questioned about his reason he preferred Medina to the city of Makkah he is quoted saying:

“Here (Medina), That is because ALLAH (SWT) chose it for His Nabi (SM), from all of the places of the earth.”

In another tradition Imam Malik (RA) is quoted:

“How could I not choose it when there is no road in Medina but that Nabi Muhammad (SM) walked on it and H. Jibra’eel (AS), came down to Muhammad (SM) from the Rabbil ‘Alameen (lord, cherisher, sustainer of all the worlds) in less than a hour?”

Once Imam Malik was asked “why do the people of Medina have soft hearts while the people of Makkah are hard hearted?” He replied, “Because the people of Makkah drove out their Nabi (SM) and the people of Medina gave him refuge”.

The golden gate of Nabi Muhammad’s (saw) tomb.

It is because of the proximity to Nabi Muhammad (SM) and Ahlul Bayt who were the sources of Islam that the people of Medina is considered to be legal in itself. The legal basis for this is that their practice was the result of multiple traditions going back to The Holy Last Messenger (SM) himself throughout a period of 300+ years. Medina’s decline as a political force was due to various factors. Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) transferred the seat of Caliphate from Medina to Kufa, Iraq immediately after the assassination of Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman ibn Affan (RA) and his unanimous election. Medina was no longer the seat of authority and hence Medina was outside of the main arenas of power. Medina was geographically too far removed from the wealth and armies of the Muslim state to be able to play a major political role when it was no longer the capital of the Muslims. Those with a thirst for position and power moved to Iraq and Syria. Those who remained in Medina were those who enjoyed the prosperity and peace of Medina, and those who devoted themselves to knowledge and wanted to be as close as possible to Nabi Muhammad (SM). Medina became a place of isolation from political conflict and those devoted to H. Muhammad (SM). The City of Medina is the reference to the intense trial, the main political conflicts and deviant ideologies which sorely tested earlier generations of the Ummah like:

The Ridda Wars (of Apostasy) 11 AH/ 632 CE

After the maut of Nabi Muhammad (SM), many Arab tribes rebelled against The Caliph and 1rst of The Rightly Guided Caliph Ameerul Mu’mineen Abu Bakr Sadiq (RA), claiming that their pact to hear and obey was specific to Nabi Muhammad (SM) and no one else. Of these tribal groups some were large and some were small. Some were Muslim and some weren’t but both wanted independence from the state of Medina. This was a very turbulent time and the very existence of the Muslim Community in Medina hung in the balance in the face of powerful Arab tribes all over the Hejaz and not to mention the ongoing threat posed the Byzantines. See Battle of Yamama 11‐12 AH / 633 CE, Battle of Buzaka and Battle of An‐Najar. Many veteran Sahaaba lost their lives in these battles which caused the collection, compilation and preservation of the Holy Qur‘an after the demise of Rasoolullah (SM). Many Arab tribes continued to work the background to intentionally destroy true understanding of Islam so they could secure power. state of Medina. This was a very turbulent time and the very existence of the Muslim Community in Medina hung in the balance in the face of powerful Arab tribes all over the Hejaz and not to mention the ongoing threat posed the Byzantines. See Battle of Yamama 11-12 AH / 633 CE, Battle of Buzaka and Battle of An-Najar. Many veteran Sahaaba lost their lives in these battles which caused the collection, compilation and preservation of the Holy Qur‘an after the demise of Rasoolullah (SM). Many Arab tribes continued to work the background to intentionally destroy true understanding of Islam so
they could secure power.

The Year of Ashes (Plague in Syria and drought in Hejaz) 18 AH / 639 CE The air of the Hejaz was so full of dry dust that the light was obscured .The Hejaz fell into severe drought followed by famine. Masses 100’s of thousands of people from all over the Hejaz gathered at Medina were food was rationed. When the food reserves began to decline Medina was in a state of emergency. Ameerul Mu’mineen H. Umar (RA) wrote to the provincial governors of Iraq, Syria and Palestine. The first governor to respond which would trigger the timely response of other governors as well was H. Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn Al Jarrah (RA) the famous governor of Syria and Top military commander of the Rashidun Army in the Caliphate of H. ‘Umar ibn al Khattab (RA). He sent a historic letter which read: “I am sending you the caravans whose one end will be here at Syria and the other in Medina.” After about 9 months of drought the rain prayer performed In which Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar ibn Khattab supplicated Allah (swt) and presented the famous companion H. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (RA), and the rains came. While drought and famine were ending in the Hejaz, plague devastated Syria and Palestine. Upon Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar ibn Khattab (RA) arrival to investigate the issue in Syria because of the intensity of the plague, it was suggested that he return to Medina in which he did. However, H. Abu ‘Ubaidah (RA) refused to abandon his army in these dire circumstances and he along with 25, 000 Muslims of Syria perished. Later that year, when the plague had weakened H. ‘Umar (RA) returned to Syria for political and administrative re‐organization. Most of the veteran governors and commanders had shaheed of plague. It was said that in one family of seventy who had emigrated from Medina, only four survived its intensity.

The First Civil War (Fitna) 35 AH / 656 CE – 40 AH/ 661

Therefore, it should be very clear that most of these Mekkan families (Umayyads and their loyalist tribes) and their mass conversion at The Conquest of Mecca, earned them the title Tulaaqa (i.e. Those who didn’t except Islam but rather they surrendered to Islam 8 AH at the conquest of Makkah). Their current behavior in government was most certainly not convincing or a proof that they were fit to lead the unadulterated Islamic community. Especially, in the presence of the remaining, venerable and close companions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) who were also veterans that served against these families in 20+ yrs. of conflict? Despite this fact many venerable Sahaaba (Like: H. ‘Aisha, H. Zubair ibn Awwam and H. Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah (RA ) withdrew their support for the Caliph of the time and 3rd of the Rashidun Caliphate H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) because of the appearance of change of government gradually from bad to worse. The most influential and conditioned man became the 1rst Khosru / Cesar in Islam was the then governor of Syria, which at that time consisted of at least 4 nations today Damascus, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan. Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan along with many of his relatives namely Marwan ibn Hakam left no stone unturned to disturb the fabric of government Nabi Muhammad (SAW). This behavior encouraged the rioters and bandits all throughout the Islamic Empire. During Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman ibn Affan (RA) Caliphate the Islamic Empire had originally been divided into 12 provinces. The provinces were further divided into districts (there were more than 100 districts now in the Empire and each district had its own Governor.) H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) appointed his kinsmen as governors of at least 4 provinces namely: Egypt, Syria Basra and Kufa Despite the historical appeals preserved in the books of Hadith by many blessed companions matters would only grow worse, eventually ending with the assassination of the aged Caliph, H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) at 77 yrs old. H. Uthman’s Caliphate lasted 12 yrs the longest of all the Rightly Guided Caliph’s.

His assassination would leave effects on the ummah which have lasted up to this very day. It caused the first division of the Muslims into different distinct parties: Those who supported The Ameerul Mu’mineen and 4th of The Rightly Guided Caliph, H. Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) who had just been elected by the Muslims of Medina unanimously in 34 AH/ 656 CE and a coalition of other clans against him.

In Sahih Bukhari vol. 5 pg 43 Nabi Muhammad (SM) is quoted saying about H. Ali (RA):

“You are from me and I am from You.”

“Tomorrow I will give the flag to a man with whose leadership Allah will grant Farah (victory at Khaibar 7 AH).” H. Ali (RA) was sent for, when he had arrived Nabi (SM) cured H. Ali from his eye trouble invoked good upon him and gave him the flag. H. Ali said “should I fight them i.e. (enemy) until they become like us?” Nabi Muhammad (SM) said “Proceed to them steadily until you approach near to them and then invite them to Islam and inform them of their duties towards Allah which Islam prescribes for them. For by Allah, if one man is guided on the right path (i.e. converted to Islam) through you, it would be better for you than (a great number of) red camels.”

This hadith is in reference to The Battle of Khaibar in addition to this H. Umm Salama (RA) also narrates in Sahih Bukhari that H. Ali  remained behind Nabi (SM) because of eye trouble. Then he exclaimed:

“How could I remain behind Allah’s Messenger?” So H. Ali (RA) set out following Nabi (SM). This clearly shows that the soldiers who accompanied Nabi (SM) to Khaibar perceived H. Ali to be in Medina. Surely Allah and his Messenger (SM) knows best. However, the hadith continues as mentioned in the latter with the addition:

“ When it was the eve of the day in the morning…” meaning the night before the day in which Allah helped the Muslims conquer Khaibar Nabi (SM) said :
“ I will give the flag, or tomorrow a man whom Allah and His Messenger love will take the flag,” or said, “ A man who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah will grant victory under his leadership.” Suddenly ‘Ali came whom we did not expect. The people said, “This is Ali.”…..

Whereas the Umayyad clan along with their supporters called for revenge of Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman’s murder (note : this rebellion was in every degree hidden behind a strong political campaign that was used to challenge, frustrate and hinder the administration of Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA), including those who broke away from the Muslim ummah (the Kharijites). This existing fitnah and bloodshed caused H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) to shift the seat of Caliphate from Medina to Iraq to save the Sacred City and blessed resting place of H. Muhammad (SM) from desecration and sacrilege.

In the yr. 35 AH Ahmad narrated that Abu Tufayl (RA) said: “ H. Ali (RA) gathered people in the court of the mosque and said to them, “I adjure you by Allah, of every Muslim man who heard The Messenger of Allah (SM) saying on the day of Ghadir Khumm what he said when he arose.” Thirty men stood up and bore witness that the Messenger of Allah (SM) said: “He for whom I am His Master & absolute guardian, then ‘Ali is his master & absolute gurdian. “O Allah befriend whoever befriends him and be an enemy to whoever is his enemy.” note: Nabi Muhammad (SM) spoke these words while giving a historical khutbah after having being told by Allah (swt) : “ O Messenger of Allah (SM), deliver to the people what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and if you do not then you will not have delivered his message (at all) and Allah will protect you from the people. For Allah does not like those who reject Iman (Faith). 5: 67 Allah (swt) followed this ayah with Surah 5 : 3 “ This day I have perfected your religion and completed my favor on you and chose Islam as your religion.” Ameerul Mu’mineen was clearly indicating that the force that was gaining prestige in the matter of rule. The Forces that had allied themselves against him were in fact perusing a wrong cause and false claim.

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

Medina became a place of isolation from political conflict and those devoted to H. Muhammad (SM). The City of Medina is the reference to the intense trial, the main political conflicts and deviant ideologies which sorely tested earlier generations of the Ummah like:

The Ridda Wars (of Apostasy) 11 AH/ 632 CE

After the maut of Nabi Muhammad (SM), many Arab tribes rebelled against The Caliph and 1rst of The Rightly Guided Caliph Ameerul Mu’mineen Abu Bakr Sadiq (RA), claiming that their pact to hear and obey was specific to Nabi Muhammad (SM) and no one else. Of these tribal groups some were large and some were small. Some were Muslim and some weren’t but both wanted independence from the state of Medina. This was a very turbulent time and the very existence of the Muslim Community in Medina hung in the balance in the face of powerful Arab tribes all over the Hejaz and not to mention the ongoing threat posed the Byzantines. See Battle of Yamama 11‐12 AH / 633 CE, Battle of Buzaka and Battle of An‐Najar. Many veteran Sahaaba lost their lives in these battles which caused the collection, compilation and preservation of the Holy Qur‘an after the demise of Rasoolullah (SM). Many Arab tribes continued to work the background to intentionally destroy true understanding of Islam so they could secure power. state of Medina. This was a very turbulent time and the very existence of the Muslim Community in Medina hung in the balance in the face of powerful Arab tribes all over the Hejaz and not to mention the ongoing threat posed the Byzantines. See Battle of Yamama 11-12 AH / 633 CE, Battle of Buzaka and Battle of An-Najar. Many veteran Sahaaba lost their lives in these battles which caused the collection, compilation and preservation of the Holy Qur‘an after the demise of Rasoolullah (SM). Many Arab tribes continued to work the background to intentionally destroy true understanding of Islam so
they could secure power.

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

The Year of Ashes (Plague in Syria and drought in Hejaz) 18 AH / 639 CE

The air of the Hejaz was so full of dry dust that the light was obscured .The Hejaz fell into severe drought followed by famine. Masses 100’s of thousands of people from all over the Hejaz gathered at Medina were food was rationed. When the food reserves began to decline Medina was in a state of emergency. Ameerul Mu’mineen H. Umar (RA) wrote to the provincial governors of Iraq, Syria and Palestine. The first governor to respond which would trigger the timely response of other governors as well was H. Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn Al Jarrah (RA) the famous governor of Syria and Top military commander of the Rashidun Army in the Caliphate of H. ‘Umar ibn al Khattab (RA). He sent a historic letter which read: “I am sending you the caravans whose one end will be here at Syria and the other in Medina.” After about 9 months of drought the rain prayer performed In which Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar ibn Khattab supplicated Allah (swt) and presented the famous companion H. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (RA), and the rains came. While drought and famine were ending in the Hejaz, plague devastated Syria and Palestine. Upon Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar ibn Khattab (RA) arrival to investigate the issue in Syria because of the intensity of the plague, it was suggested that he return to Medina in which he did. However, H. Abu ‘Ubaidah (RA) refused to abandon his army in these dire circumstances and he along with 25, 000 Muslims of Syria perished. Later that year, when the plague had weakened H. ‘Umar (RA) returned to Syria for political and administrative re‐organization. Most of the veteran governors and commanders had shaheed of plague. It was said that in one family of seventy who had emigrated from Medina, only four survived its intensity.

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

The First Civil War (Fitna) 35 AH / 656 CE – 40 AH/ 661

Therefore, it should be very clear that most of these Mekkan families (Umayyads and their loyalist tribes) and their mass conversion at The Conquest of Mecca, earned them the title Tulaaqa (i.e. Those who didn’t except Islam but rather they surrendered to Islam 8 AH at the conquest of Makkah). Their current behavior in government was most certainly not convincing or a proof that they were fit to lead the unadulterated Islamic community. Especially, in the presence of the remaining, venerable and close companions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) who were also veterans that served against these families in 20+ yrs. of conflict? Despite this fact many venerable Sahaaba (Like: H. ‘Aisha, H. Zubair ibn Awwam and H. Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah (RA ) withdrew their support for the Caliph of the time and 3rd of the Rashidun Caliphate H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) because of the appearance of change of government gradually from bad to worse. The most influential and conditioned man became the 1rst Khosru / Cesar in Islam was the then governor of Syria, which at that time consisted of at least 4 nations today Damascus, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan. Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan along with many of his relatives namely Marwan ibn Hakam left no stone unturned to disturb the fabric of government Nabi Muhammad (SM). This behavior encouraged the rioters and bandits all throughout the Islamic Empire. During Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman ibn Affan (RA) Caliphate the Islamic Empire had originally been divided into 12 provinces. The provinces were further divided into districts (there were more than 100 districts now in the Empire and each district had its own Governor.) H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) appointed his kinsmen as governors of at least 4 provinces namely: Egypt, Syria Basra and Kufa Despite the historical appeals preserved in the books of Hadith by many blessed companions matters would only grow worse, eventually ending with the assassination of the aged Caliph, H. Uthman ibn Affan (RA) at 77 yrs old. H. Uthman’s Caliphate lasted 12 yrs the longest of all the Rightly Guided Caliph’s.

His assassination would leave effects on the ummah which have lasted up to this very day. It caused the first division of the Muslims into different distinct parties: Those who supported The Ameerul Mu’mineen and 4th of The Rightly Guided Caliph, H. Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) who had just been elected by the Muslims of Medina unanimously in 34 AH/ 656 CE and a coalition of other clans against him.

In Sahih Bukhari vol. 5 pg 43 Nabi Muhammad (SM) is quoted saying about H. Ali (RA):

“You are from me and I am from You.”

“Tomorrow I will give the flag to a man with whose leadership Allah will grant Farah (victory at Khaibar 7 AH).” H. Ali (RA) was sent for, when he had arrived Nabi (SM) cured H. Ali from his eye trouble invoked good upon him and gave him the flag. H. Ali said “should I fight them i.e. (enemy) until they become like us?” Nabi Muhammad (SM) said “Proceed to them steadily until you approach near to them and then invite them to Islam and inform them of their duties towards Allah which Islam prescribes for them. For by Allah, if one man is guided on the right path (i.e. converted to Islam) through you, it would be better for you than (a great number of) red camels.”

This hadith is in reference to The Battle of Khaibar in addition to this H. Umm Salama (RA) also narrates in Sahih Bukhari that H. Ali  remained behind Nabi (SM) because of eye trouble. Then he exclaimed:

“How could I remain behind Allah’s Messenger?” So H. Ali (RA) set out following Nabi (SM). This clearly shows that the soldiers who accompanied Nabi (SM) to Khaibar perceived H. Ali to be in Medina. Surely Allah and his Messenger (SM) knows best. However, the hadith continues as mentioned in the latter with the addition:

“ When it was the eve of the day in the morning…” meaning the night before the day in which Allah helped the Muslims conquer Khaibar Nabi (SM) said :
“ I will give the flag, or tomorrow a man whom Allah and His Messenger love will take the flag,” or said, “ A man who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah will grant victory under his leadership.” Suddenly ‘Ali came whom we did not expect. The people said, “This is Ali.”…..

Whereas the Umayyad clan along with their supporters called for revenge of Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman’s murder (note : this rebellion was in every degree hidden behind a strong political campaign that was used to challenge, frustrate and hinder the administration of Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA), including those who broke away from the Muslim ummah (the Kharijites). This existing fitnah and bloodshed caused H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) to shift the seat of Caliphate from Medina to Iraq to save the Sacred City and blessed resting place of H. Muhammad (SM) from desecration and sacrilege.

In the yr. 35 AH Ahmad narrated that Abu Tufayl (RA) said: “ H. Ali (RA) gathered people in the court of the mosque and said to them, “I adjure you by Allah, of every Muslim man who heard The Messenger of Allah (SM) saying on the day of Ghadir Khumm what he said when he arose.” Thirty men stood up and bore witness that the Messenger of Allah (SM) said: “He for whom I am His Master & absolute guardian, then ‘Ali is his master & absolute gurdian. “O Allah befriend whoever befriends him and be an enemy to whoever is his enemy.” note: Nabi Muhammad (SM) spoke these words while giving a historical khutbah after having being told by Allah (swt) : “ O Messenger of Allah (SM), deliver to the people what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and if you do not then you will not have delivered his message (at all) and Allah will protect you from the people. For Allah does not like those who reject Iman (Faith). 5: 67 Allah (swt) followed this ayah with Surah 5 : 3 “ This day I have perfected your religion and completed my favor on you and chose Islam as your religion.” Ameerul Mu’mineen was clearly indicating that the force that was gaining prestige in the matter of rule. The Forces that had allied themselves against him were in fact perusing a wrong cause and false claim.

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

Image result for the sword of zulfiqar

The Battle of the Camel 36 AH/ 656 CE

Almost, immediately after the shift of the Caliphate Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) began a house cleaning process in which he terminated Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan, many Umayyads and other people as well from governorship. Mu’awiyya refused to obey and produced a considerably large Syrian army to challenge the Caliph of his time. (note: this had not been done in the history of Islam.) The Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) called for military action against Mu’awiyya but the reaction of the political classes in the Hejaz was not encouraging and the campaign was deferred. H. ‘Aisha (RA) (widow and youngest wife of H. Muhammad (SM), was used as a pawn in a political game to gain legitimacy to a rebellion and protest against the administration of Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). The battle of Jamal was the first incident of the Fitna behind H. Uthman’s murder. This Battle took place in Basra, Iraq between forces allied to Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and the forces allied to H. ‘Aisha’s party (RA). The Umayyads and other recently converted Arab clans took advantage of the emotional state of the people in the matter of H. Uthman’s murder backed by the support of H. ‘Aisha’s (RA) protest to interfere with the affairs of the state. This political move caused a few politically inclined Companions, Sahaaba to take back their bey’ah they had recently pledged in Medina to H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). These events directly involved H. Zubair and H. Talhah (RA) who was veteran companions of H. Muhammad (SM).This conglomerate of opposition exposed many who had a certain expectation for government, position or power. This is the first time Muslims fought against each other. Some 10,000 Muslims perished, including H. Zubair and H. Talhah (RA), during this battle which lasted for 110 days. H. ‘Ali (RA) would perform the Janazah Salah for the fallen on both sides and was deeply saddened by the loss of H. Zubair and H. Talhah (RA). Even before the battle Hayatus Sahaba vol. 2 page 523 records: “ H. Yahya ibn Sa’id (RA) reports his uncle to have narrated, “ When opposing armies in the Battle of Jamal arrayed against each other, H. Ali (RA) set the row, and gave a call that nobody would shoot an arrow, or strike with a sword of spear, or start the fight, and ordered to talk to them with politeness. The narrator says that so far the remembers, H. Ali (RA) also said, This is the spot, that if one slips away here, would slip away on the Day of Judgment. Thus we remained standing till day rose high. About this time, they called in loud voice: “O avengers of the blood of H. Uthman (RA) ! Having heard this, H. Ali (RA) called H. Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah (RA) who was our Commander, and who had our flag, and said, O Ibn Hanafiyyah! What are they saying ? Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah said, O Ameerul Mu’mineen! They are saying, O avengers of the blood of H. Uthman (RA)! Hearing this H. Ali (RA) raised both hand and said, “ O my Allah! Put the assassinators of H. Uthman (RA) upside down today.”

Years after the battle H. Hussain ibn Ali (RA) is recorded saying: “Once I met Marwan ibn Hakam and he said to me, I have not seen a person like your father. He behaved very nobly even after being victor. When we turned our back, and took to our heels in the Battle of Jamal, his caller gave a call, The run away must not be killed, nor the inured slain.”

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

The Battle of Siffeen 37 AH/ 657 CE

(Fought on the banks of the Euphrates)

Image result for the sword of zulfiqar

This battle that took place 1 year later and marked the example of The Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib’s (RA) struggle and confrontation against rebels and the morally weak Muslims of the community. These people sought to undermine Islam and the legacy of H. Muhammad (SM). It was fought between the Syrian forces of Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan and the Iraqi forces of H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. The confrontation extended over three months most of which was devoted to the diplomacy but fruitless negotiations of H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). When the major battle began, the fighting, which lasted over three days was fierce, and continued well into the night. Mu’awiyya and the Syrian force were almost annihilated but the Syrians raised copies of the H. Qur’an on their spears as a diversion calling out for negotiations. After severe mutiny in the Iraqi army Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) was forced to agree on arbitration against his wishes. The bloodshed had been terrible, according to one source, 45,000 Syrians Muslims and 25,000 Iraqi Muslims had been killed. Many Sahaaba perished in this battle.

Ibn Sa’d narrated from Shu’bah that when H. Ali was going towards Siffeen he passed by Karbala. When he reached the village Nainawa, located near Furat he inquired its name. He was told it was known as Karbala. At this his H. Ali wept so much that the ground became wet.

Abdullah ibn Yahya narrated from his father who was a slave of H. Ali that H. Ali said (while in Siffeen looking towards Karbala) “ Be patient O Abu Abdullah, Be patient O Abu Abdullah, Be patient O Abu Abdullah by the river of Furat.”

When asked who is Abu Abdullah, H. Ali replied I visited The Holy Last Messenger (SM) and found him weeping, he said “ H. Jibra’eel told me that my son will be killed by the river of Furat, a place called Karbala. Then H. Jibra’eel produced a handful of soil whose fragrance was coming up my nostrils ( he smelled it). After smelling it tears began to flow from my eyes.” Ahmad ibn Hanbal and ibn Dhahak narrated this tradition from H. Ali. After this battle in Siffeen of Syria, certain followers of H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) objected to his agreeing to arbitration and broke away from army as early as the march back from Siffeen. Some 12,000 men left H. ‘Ali’s army. These people were the first Kharijites and ancestors to today’s Banu Saud dynasty. They accused H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) of bid’ah (innovation of religion) and promptly began to kill anyone who did not agree with their position. This led to the Battle of Nahrawan in 38 AH were they were utterly annihilated. Though victorious, his army weakened and he lost even more support followed by uprisings and raids all over the Hejaz. Two yrs later he would be assassinated by Kharijite while he was prostrating in prayer (Salat) in 40 AH. 

That same year H. Hasan ibn ‘Ali (RA), took charge of the Caliph following the death of his father through the bey’ah of the people of Kufa. He remained in it for six months and some days. Scholar, Imam Suyuti (RA) considered H. Hasan ibn Ali and H. Umar Abdul al Aziz rightly guided Caliph as well. H. Hasan ibn Ali assumed leadership in Kufa after the election of the Iraqis who were very divided. Many people had become corrupt or sought corruption in their activities but portrayed religious. H. Hasan ibn Ali (RA) saw these troublesome times were one didn’t know or didn’t care to stand for right against wrong.

Tirmidhi narrated that Usamah ibn Zaid (RA) said:
“I saw the Prophet (SM) and Hasan and Hussein were upon his hips (one on each), and he said, These are my two sons and the two sons of my daughter. O Allah , I love them, so love them and love whoever loves them.”

In Bukhari Abdullah Ibn Umar (RA) narrated: “ Please Muhammad (SM) by doing good to his family.”

H. Anas ibn Malik (RA) said: The Prophet (SM) was asked: “ Who of the people of your house are most beloved to you?” He said: “ Hasan and Hussein.”
Al Hakim narrated that Zuhayr ibn al Aram (RA) said: “al Hasan ibn Ali stood up to deliver the Khutbah, and a man from Azd Shanu’ah stood up and said: “ I witness that I saw the Prophet (SM), placed him in his lap ( hubwah denotes sitting on the haunches with the legs drawn in to the belly, often with a cloth wrapped around the legs and the back in support) saying: “ Whoever loves me, let him love him, and let the one who is present convey it to whoever is absent.” and if it were not for high regard for the Messenger of Allah (saw), I would not have related it to anyone.”

Bukhari narrated that Abdullah Ibn Umar (RA) said: “The Prophet (SM) said: “They are my two descendants, my two sweet Basil (sweet smelling plants or flowers) in this world, meaning Hasan and Hussein.

Tirmidhi narrated that al Hakim narrated that Abu Sa’id al Khudri (RA) said: The Messenger (SM) said “Hasan and Hussein are the two lords of the youth of the people of the Jannah (Paradise).”

When Mu’awiyya came out against him with a large Syrian army of 40,000 men, H. Hasan ibn ‘Ali (RA) sent a message to him. He offered the Caliph to him on the following conditions:
“That the Caliphate should be his (returning to Ahlul‐Bayt) after him.
“None of the people of Medina, Hejaz and Iraq should be sought out for revenge or retaliation for anything which had happened in the time of his father.”
“That none of the public money should not be used for his own needs.”
“To cease the public cursing of H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib in the Khutbah, recited in every province.” (note: not to mention that H. Hasan and H. Hussein and the rest of Ahlul‐Bayt had to bear to hear this even in Masjid An Nabawi from his sacred pulpit, the minbar of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) which is next to His Mubarak grave.

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (RA) in his Musnad narrates from The Holy Last Messenger (SM) :
“Whoever curses (or verbally abuse ‘Ali), has in fact cursed me, and whoever curses me, he has cursed Allah and whoever has cursed Allah, then Allah will throw him into Hell‐fire.” )

Renowned Hanafi scholar Mulla ‘Ali Qari (RA) states: “ This hadith means that cursing H. ‘Ali is kufr.”

Mu’awiyya readily agreed, they concluded the treaty then and there, the prophetic words of Nabi Muhammad (saw) became evident:
“Allah (swt) will make peace through him (H. Hasan ibn ‘Ali RA) between two groups of Muslims.”

His abdication took place in 41 AH he moved from Kufa to Medina and resided there. H. Hasan (RA) even thought he returned peacefully to Medina was still not free from the antagonist and persecutors. Marwan ibn Hakam (the personal secretary of Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman ibn Affan (RA) responsible for the fitnah leading to his assassination) was now the governor Medina. Marwan also fought in Battles Basra and Siffeen against Ameerul Mu’mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). H. Hasan ibn Ali (RA) had a hard time during these time in Medina were he was met with taunts and abuse almost ritually either for being son the enemy (Ali ‐ who was being cursed publicly) or for having relinquished the Caliphate.
A man said to him, “Peace be upon you, humiliater of the believers!” H. Hasan (RA) said: “I am not the humiliater of the believers, but I disliked killing you for the sovereignty.” Al‐ Hakim narrated: H. Jubayr ibn Unfair (RA) said: “I said to H. Hasan (RA), “People are saying that you want the Caliphate.” He said: “The chiefs of the Arabs were with me, at war with whomever I was at war with, and at peace with whomever I was at peace with. I abandoned that desiring the face of Allah (swt) and to prevent spilling the blood to the Ummah of my grandfather Muhammad (SM). Now later, shall I take it by force with the help of the herders of goats of the people of Hejaz?” 8 yrs after his abdication he was poisoned to death in Medina by His wife, Ja’dah bint Al Ash’ath ibn Qais some historians report after she was prompted by Mu’awiyya ibn Abu Sufyan.

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan’s Administration

Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan’s political activity pre and post prophetic period becomes the subject of discussion when one investigates the elements behind the destruction of the Muslim community from the way H. Muhammad (SM) had left it. Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan was 22 yrs old at the battle of Badr when he saw most of his family members killed and thrown into a well. The Umayyad (clan of Mu’awiyya) had sworn vengeance of their slain at Badr. H. Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalib (RA) is the revered Muslim soldier and uncle of H. Muhammad (SM). He was martyred in 3 AH/625 CE. He was assassinated at the orders of Hind (mother of Mu’awiyya) who had his liver cut out and ate it out of extreme enmity of Bani Hashim (clan of Muhammad (SM) and H. ‘Ali (RA). The Umayyad clan/family fought hard against Nabi Muhammad (SM) and the Muslims for 22 years and held hard onto the worst form of disobedience to Allah (swt), Shirk (idolatry).

Mu’awiyya only spent only a few years in the company of Nabi Muhammad (SM) namely after the conquest of Mecca in 8 AH/630 because in late 10 AH, Nabi Muhammad (SM) fell fatally ill in Medina and Maut 11 AH/632. This was only a span of 2 years during which Nabi Muhammad (SM) was engage in war against idolaters or the period were he suffered severely from the effects of poisoning. Many new Muslims including Mu’awiyya didn’t get the honor to be in the company of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) as much as many of the close companions did i.e. Ansar and Muhajireen. This lack of experience or time spent with The Holy Last Messenger (SM) made a clear distinction in character. History shows that some remained loyal to Nabi Muhammad’s legacy, while some returned to old pre‐Islamic, Arab and tribal customs of warfare and corruption. After much bloodshed, political maneuvering and frustration to Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib’s administration leading to his assassination in 40 AH. Mu’awiyya was crowned king at a ceremony in Jerusalem in the year 41 AH/661.

He governed the entire Caliphate from Damascus, Syria and gave prominent positions in the emerging government to neighboring Christians. Mu’awiyya had an unbelievable relationship with neighboring Christians. The Caliphate would never return to the city of Medina up to this very day. This period gave rise to many movements and philosophies within various Muslim territories. One group Jabrites who believed in Jabr (predestined decree of fate), plainly said that Allah was responsible for mans every action even if the action is evil, because man had no choice to do anything except what Allah willed. Jabriyyah and Jahmiyyah sects were the schools of the Umayyad’s and their supporters who blamed their actions of blasphemy on Allah (swt). Mu’awiyya instituted several bureaucracies including divans, who were the chief minister of state. He also established a parliamentary government and postal service. Mu’awiyya also instituted a consulate, who was the council of state, with a council chamber court and audience. These ex‐officers of jury and state for the Byzantine Empire still maintained much loyalty to the cross. In fact a conversion from Christianity was discouraged during the Mu’awiyah ‐ Umayyad reign. He used these divans in order to help him centralize the caliphate and the empire. Mu’awiyya held the Islamic empire through force and personal allegiance. This was the style of a traditional Arab Sheikh. Anyone who opposed his administration was treated like a non‐believer.

During the Caliphate of H. ‘Ali ibn Abu Talib (RA) he instigated civil war between Muslims that weakened the Muslim States and divided the community Like the Battle of Basra and the Battle of Siffeen. He sent Busr ibn Abi Artat as his chief of military who shed the blood of thousands of innocent people from Hejaz to Yemen burning alive tribe after tribe in huge fires. He committed these horrific crimes in the name of Muawiya’s government.

His reign gave rise to countless evils both in government and social life. He introduced the practice of open slander against the family of Nabi Muhammad (SM). Mu’awiyya is reported to have even sold the slaves of deceased Sahaaba who had become prominent scholars into slavery because of their criticism of his administration. Many authenticated traditions reveal Mu’awiyya as a usurper, tyrant and murderer. Ziyad ibn Abih was the Umayyad general who was responsible for carrying out many of these notorious designs. This caused many contemporary historians to view Muawiya’s supposed conversion at the Conquest of Mecca as a cloak and hypocrisy. They describe him as a liar and manipulator who usurped the Muslim empire for political and material gain of his family’s loss since battle of Badr. He introduced his new practices as the sunnah of H. Muhammad (SM) and had his time period recorded as ‘Ammal -Jama’ah (Year of Union). Al Tabari titled this chapter as the origin of the use of the word Al Jama’ah. He said: “Sajah remained with Banu Taghlib until Mu’awiyya transferred them in his days on the Year of Union (Al‐Jama’ah). When the people agreed to recognize Mu’awiyya as the Amir after H. Hasan ibn ‘Ali’s abdication. Mu’awiyya took to expelling from Kufa all those who had been vehement in the cause of H. ‘Ali, and to settle in their homes people of Syria, Basra and Al Jazira who were vehement in his cause. It was they who were called “transfers” in the garrison towns.” (a clear breach of his Treaty with H. Hasan ibn ‘Ali.)

There were many non‐Arabs who despite being ruled by these so called Sunni Arab rulers were viewed and treated with as supremacy and oppression. These so called Sunni Arab rulers suppressed their culture and language. It remains a fact to this very day that H. ‘Ali and Ahlul‐Bayt (RA) is remembered in non‐Arab history as those who uphelp the rights of others while Mu’awiyya and the Ummayyad clan are remembered for suppressing them. They even married and begot children in many of the mawali tribes to do away with the mentality of class and race. Muawiya’s reign opened the door for unparalleled disaster to the Islamic Ummah. There were thousands of fabricated hadith used to cover his faults and increase hatred for his opposition. Though most of these Arab Quraysh had no prior merit in Islam they were able to influence the school of hadith and elevate their status. It was during this time the man who was in company of Nabi Muhammad (SM) barely 3 yrs had narrated nearly 5,000+ hadith. He forgot Ameerul Mu’mineen Umar ibn al‐ Khattab (RA) admonishment of him.

Muslim in his Sahih vol 1 pg 34 “During the time of the Holy Prophet, Umar ibn Khattab beat Abu Hurairah so severely until he fell on the ground.”
Ibn Asakir in his Tarikh al‐Kabir and Muttaqi in his Kanzul‐ Ummal report “Caliph Umar ibn Khattab (RA) lashed him (Abu Huraira), rebuked him and forbade him from narrating hadith from the Holy Prophet (SM). Caliph Umar (RA) said “Because you narrate hadith in large numbers from the Holy Prophet (SM), you are fit for attributing lies to him. So stop narrating hadith for the Holy Prophet (SM), otherwise I will send you back to Daws. (Yemeni tribe in which Abu Hurairah belonged.)

Nadwi in his commentary on this point in Sahih Muslim vol 4 said: “Imam Abu Hanifah said: “The Sahaaba of the Prophet were generally pious and just. I accept every hadith with evidence narrated by them, but I do not except hadith whose Source is Abu Huraira, Anas ibn Malik or Samarra ibn Jundab.”
Ibn Abu Hadid al Mu’tazili reports in vol 1 and vol 4 from his sheikh and teacher, Imam Abu Ja’far Asqalani, that “ Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan organized a group of Companions of Nabi Muhammad (SM) and sons of Companions for the purpose of fabricating hadith. Among those who fabricated hadith against Ali was Abu Huraira, Amr ibn al As and Mughirah ibn Shu’ba.” Giving details of these stories Ibn Hadid narrates “Abu Huraira once entered Kufa mosque and saw a huge gathering of people who have come to welcome Mu’awiyah. He shouted to the crowd “ O people of Iraq. Do you think that I will tell a lie opposing Allah and his Messenger (SM) and buy hell fire for myself? Here from me what I have heard from Nabi Muhammad (SM) “Every Nabi has a Haram and my Haram is Medina. The one responsible for innovation in Medina is cursed by Allah (SWT), by His Angels (AS) and by all of humanity.” (Note: all of this hadith thus far is true but then he goes and say “ I swear by Allah (SWT) that Ali was responsible for innovation.” (That is Ali (RA) incited dissention among the people and should be cursed) When Mu’awiyah learned of this incident he sent for Abu Hurairah, gave him reward and made him Governor of Medina.”

This began a long lasting tradition of unjust vilification of H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) while elevating his status. H. Abdullah ibn Zalim Mazni (RA) narrates “When Muawiyah left Kufa, he appointed Mughirah ibn Shu’bah as the Governor, and appointed such speaker who would speak curse against H. Ali. I was sitting beside H. Sa’id ibn Zaid (one of the Ashara‐e‐Mubasharah i.e. 10 given glad tidings of paradise in their lifetime.) As per the narrator, He (Sa’id ibn Zaid) got up in anger and caught my hand, and I followed him. “Do you not see this man (Mu’awiyah) has done wrong to his soul, and he has ordered to abuse such a man (H. Ali), who belongs to Heavenly throng of people, H. Sa’id ibn Zaid observed solemnly, and continued, “I stand witness about nine people that they are in Jannat, and if I stand witness for the tent man ‐ in Jannat, I will not be sinning.”

Also during his reign Mu’awiyya began a campaign of slaughtering the companions and supporters H. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). While Abu Huraira was governor of Medina Busr ibn Artat massacred thousands of Muslims. Tabari and Ibn Athir and many more have recorded “Muawiyah sent Busr ibn Artat with 4,000 Syrian soldiers to Yemen via Mecca and Medina to crush the followers and supporters of H. Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA). Busr and his assailants murdered thousands of Muslims in Ta’if, Mecca, Medina , Tabala of Tihama, Najran, Safa, and its suburbs. They did not spare the young or old of Bani Hashim. It is recorded that this is were the murder of the two small sons of Ubaidullah ibn Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib (RA) ( cousin and governor of Ali ) took place. They were butchered at Busr order. It is said that more than 30,000 Muslims were killed. Many of the al Ansari like H. Jabir ibn Abdullah al Ansari (RA) and H. Abu Ayyub al Ansari (RA) were either killed or sought asylum while Bani Umayyad committed these insane atrocities. There houses were set on fire. Abu Huraira was the governor of Medina and actively supported Umayyad government.

Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad (RA), Sibt ibn Jauzi in his Tadhkirat pg. 163 narrates from Nabi Muhammad (SM) himself said repeatedly “He who threatens the people of Medina with oppression will be threatened by Allah and will be cursed by Allah by his Angels and by all humanity. Allah will not accept anything from him. May he be cursed who threatens the people of Medina. If any one harms the people of Medina, Allah will melt him like lead in fire.” These historical figures were some of the victims of Muawiya’s’ cruelty, Sahaaba and Tabi’een alike:

Amr ibn Hamiq al Khuza’I ‐ Sahaaba

Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, (brother of Umm ul Mu’mineen, H. ‘Aisha (RA). It is recorded that following his death H. ‘Aisha would curse Yazid and Amr ibn ‘As after every salah.
Abdur Rahman ibn Hasan ‐ tabi’een
Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhaifah ‐ tabi’een
Shaddad ibn ‘Aws ‐ Sahaaba
Sa’sa ibn Juhan al ‘Abdi ‐ Sahaaba
Abdullah ibn Hashim ibn Utbah ibn Abi Waqqas ‐ tabi’een
Jameel ibn Ka’b ath‐Tha’labi and H. Ammar ibn Yasir who was told by H. Muhammad (SM): “Rejoice Ammar, the transgressing party shall kill you”.

In the case of H. Hujr ibn Adi (RA), chief of the Kindi tribe whom was given the name “ The Monk of The Sahaaba” was killed along with six of his companions at Marj, Adra in Syria 51 AH at the command of Mu’awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan. H. Hasan Basri (Tabi’een and son of the slave of Umm Mu’mineen H. Umm Salama) (RA) said: “Mu’awiyya had four flaws and anyone of them would have been a serious offence:

• His appointment of Muslim and non‐Muslim troublemakers in this community. This allowed him to steal its rule without consultation with its members while there were remnants of Companions who possessed virtue among them.

• His appointment of his son as his successor. His son was an open sinner, drunkard and very impious person.

• His claim about Ziyad ibn Abih (as his brother) while the Holy Last Messenger (SM) said pertaining to Ziyad when he was a baby “The child belongs to the bed, and the adulterer should be stoned.”

• His killing of Hujr and his companions. Woe unto him twice for killing Hujr and his companions.

Mu’awiyya also ordered the killing of the two infants of H. ‘Ubaidullah ibn ‘Abbas (RA). It should be clear that H. Hasan ibn ‘Ali(RA) didn’t sign the peace treaty because he liked him, he did so solely to preserved the blood of the Muslim ummah. He saw how treachery prevailed and the rights were violated to such and extant and so deep in government that one could not tell the righteous from the wicked. It is reported from some historians that H. Hasan ibn Ali wanted to expose Mu’awiyya the way Nabi Muhammad (SM) exposed his father Abu Sufyan in Hudaybiah. So like wise H. Hasan ibn Ali’s treaty had the same effect against Mu’awiyya who broke every stipulation of the treaty as it did his father after Hudaybiah exposing his hypocrisy and treachery. Thus exposing his hypocrisy for ever. Mu’awiyya even asked H. Hasan (RA) to join him and support him. H. Hasan (RA) replied: “I have abandoned the fight against you, even though it was my legal right, for the sake of peace and reconciliation. Do you think I shall then fight together with you?”

A Hadith reported by H. ‘Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA) saying: “I was playing with children and Rasoolullah (SM) happened to pass by us. I hid myself behind the door. He (SM) came and patted me on my shoulders and said: “go and call Mu’awiyya. I returned and said: “He is busy taking food. He again asked me to go and call Mu’awiyya to him. I went and came back and said that he was busy taking food, whereupon he said: “May Allah not fill his belly! Ibn Muthanna said: I asked Umm Umayyah what he meant by the word Hatani she said it means: “he patted my shoulders”.

Imam Muslim places this Hadith e Muawiyah in the chapter of those cursed by Nabi Muhammad (SM). H Nisa’i (famous scholar and one of the Sahih sitta i.e. the six imams who collected the authentic  traditions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) he was murdered by a pro Mu’awiyya group of Syrians. When he recited this hadith as it was perceived as a curse on Mu’awiyya they beat him to death. Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan died 58 AH/680 CE, from a stroke brought on by his extreme weight.

Ibn Kathir in his Bidiyah wa Nihiyah said that: “When the time of death approached Muawiyah, he said to himself thrice: “Hujr ibn Adi! The day of answering for your murder is very lengthy.” In the end, he was never able to start a dynasty because both his son and grandson died prematurely and the Caliphate went to the Marwanid branch of the Umayyads.

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

Abu Hurairah (Father of Cat) The so‐called Islamic Hadith writer, compiler and Author

If the hadiths were to be a source of Islam like the Quran, the Prophet would have asked his companions to copy and learn them by heart. Had the Prophet desired them to be learned by heart, the companions nearest to him like Hazrat Abu Bakr (R), Hazrat Omar (R), Hazrat Usman (R), Hazrat Ali (A), and Selman al Farsi(R), would have transmitted thousands of hadiths. Instead, the words that have been transmitted from the abovementioned companions are very few. Abu Hurira have transmitted false Hadis three to four times more than all the prominent companions together transmitted Hadis. We shall be dealing in this chapter with some fabricators, including Abu Hurayra, instrumental in interpolating into the established creed Jewish and Christian legends and parables. We shall see the reason why the infinite number of hadiths these people invented cannot be relied upon. We shall also observe the lack of fastidiousness and meticulousness, which they claimed to have had in collecting and sorting out the hadiths.

There is a common belief that “a person who had the chance of setting eyes on the Prophet was styled his companion (sahabe)” and whatever that person said was taken to be the literal truth. The word “Sahabe” actually means the persons who were very close to the Prophet Mohammad (SM). We read in the Quran that there had been many hypocrites who professed to be Muslim, whereas in fact they were disbelievers and had created innumerable difficulties for the Prophet. It is regrettable to observe that the transmitters of the hadiths turned a blind eye to the meaning of the relevant verses of the Holy Quran and preached that whoever abided by the sayings of the companions was on the right path. We shall now take up the case of Abu Hurayra, who transmitted thousands of fabricated hadiths.

A GREATEST MUNAFIQUE & FALSE HADITH TRANSMITTER:

Abu Hurairah (Father of Cat), “the so‐called” Islamic Hadith writer, compiler and Author

By the influence of the cunning Jews, A Jewish person with the title Abu Huraira became the so‐called Muslim (Munafek) immediately after the battle of Khaybar. The Prophet Mohammad (SM), when returning back home from the Battle of Khaybar saw him at the Moshjid a Nobobi in Madina. The Prophet immediately criticized and insulted him because of his conspiracy and malpractice against Islam by writing. Finally, the fanatic Muslim group with the influence of Jews and Christian, Abu Huraira became the so‐called famous Hadith spokeman, in which he established false Hadiths which were compiled and malpracticed in the name of Abu Huraira published and distributed among the Muslim World during the 7th Abbassiya Khaliph Al Mamun (Bustered, Who do not believe the Quran). His Eminency Dr. Alam 43rd spiritual Direct Descendant of the Prophet of Islam is warning the Muslim World to be carefully reviewed and research the false Hadith of Abu Huraira.

Prophet Mohammad (SM) never allowed Abu Huraira be near him, because he was a Munafeque. He could not sit by the Ashabe Suffa either, he would seat alone in the corner of the Masjid “Holy Madinatul Monwara”.

About the life of Abu Hurayra prior to his conversion to Islam from Jewish faith, we knew nothing about him other than what he himself said. Having been converted four years before Prophet Mohammad (SM) left this world, by that time 99% of the Hadis had been already said and been practiced by the true companions of Prophet Mohammad (SM). Ibn Hazm says in the Musnad of Baki b. Mahlad that 5374 hadiths were quoted from Abu Hurayra. If anyone who is knowledgeable in Hadis, carefully review his narration and the time it could have been said by Prophet Mohammad (S), one would easily understand that Hadis he narrated is false. This will expose the fact that all the so‐ called “SIA‐SITTA HADIS i.e. Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, Nasau, Ibn Maza have collected many false Hadis intentionally to mislead the Muslims and eliminate the true Islamic Ideology from the Planet Earth. (It is important to mention that Imam Muslim (RA), a direct descendant of Prophet Mohammad (SM) was Killed by Umayya Khalifa Al Mamun, before he even wrote a single Hadith, because he refused to write the false Hadith like: Slave Bukhari, Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, and other paid Dogs). Later in the book you will get more details about who, when and how used Bukhari and others (See Bukhari’s Biography for details in this book).

Bukhari narrated from Abu Huraira 446 pieces in his book. From the accounts of Abu Hurayra we deduce that the person he feared most was Caliph Omar. The hadith books mention that Hazrat Omar (R), had threatened and harassed Abu Huraira because of his false involvement in the transmission of hadiths. When omar r found that Abu Huraira is a Jews and He intentionally falsifying saying of prophet (SM) he called him upon hearing this he fell unconscious for six hours. Khalif understood his situation and sent him to Yemen as a revenue collector.

“If I transmitted these hadiths during the lifetime of Omar, he would surely strike me,” said Abu Hurayra. Ref: Az Zahabi – Tazkiratul‐Huffaz

Abu Hurayra said: “We could not utter ‘God’s Messenger spoke thus’, before Omar died.” And this came from the Muslim, Sahih Muslim.

Have we had the opportunity to see Bukhari and other (Sia‐Sitta) Hadis Transmitter, we would have asked him the following question: “O Transmitter! You have written a book and claimed that all the hadiths in it were authentic and that you screened carefully the transmitters’ accounts. Why did you not notice that Caliph Omar (R) had accused him (Abu Huraira) of recounting falsehoods, and have not found Omar’s indictment convincing enough? This shows that the hadiths that you claim to be reliable are in fact based on unsound arguments and written to serve someone’s purpose.” Why local inhabitant of Meeca and Madina did not become transmitter.

It is regrettable to observe that “so called” Muslim Book also had taken every one of the Prophet’s companions as a star that guided one in the right direction. That is not correct, this is a absolute wrong idea. Everything done by 7th Khaliph Al‐Mamun, who killed his brother Al–Amin, Who believed Quran was a man written book) killed famous Imam Reza (A), Imam Muslim, Imam Ahmed Ibn Hanbal (A), During his compiling this hadis for Protesting him, They were the direct Descendant of Prophet Mohammad (SM) and was killed by Al‐ Mamun. He top up Abu Huraira after 190 years passing away for this world. To stop the public sentiment he took this Heinous task of compiling this so‐ called “Sia Sitta” in approximately 15 years. His total duration of self proclaimed Khilaphat was 20 years.

Than he was killed by his Uncle Mutasim Billah. This 8th Khaliph M. Billah stopped propaganda of Bukhari. Jamati Ta Specially, Taligue Jamat in India who are blindly following the false concept that, in farewell address Prophet Mohammad (SM) said, “my all Sahabes are like stars, whom so ever follows them will be guided in the right direction. The true farewell address of Prophet Mohammad (SM) is given in this book. Hazrat Omar (R) was not the only one who accused Abu Hurayra of lying.

We also observe that Aisha, the Prophet’s wife, had accused him more than once, which is mentioned even in the hadith books that stand up for Abu Hurayra.

When Aisha said to Abu Hurayra “You are reporting false Hadiths you never heard from the Prophet,” he had retorted impudently: “I see that mirror and kohl have kept you aloof from the Prophet (SM).” Ref: Zahabi, Siyeru Alemin Nubela

Hazrat Ali (A) said: “The person who ascribed the greatest number of lies to God’s Messenger is Abu Hurayra.” Ref: Ibn Abul Hadid, Sherhu Nahjul Belagha
When Hazrat Ali (A) heard him say, alluding to the Prophet: “My dear friend said that…” He asked: “Since when has the Prophet become your dear friend?”

Hazrat Ibn Masud (R), a well‐known companion of the Prophet who heard him (Abu Hurayra) say: “The person who washes the body of a deceased person and the person who carries it on his shoulders should perform ablution” was furious and retorted: “O men, your dead will in no way soil you!”

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

The Battle of Karbala 61 AH/ 68

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Usually, mentioned as the second civil war or fitnah of the early community of Islam. Before Mu’awiyya ibn Abu Sufyan died, he broke the treaty in more ways than one of the now deceased H. Hasan (RA). H. Hussain ibn Ali (RA) now had every right by Sunnah to go to war as his grandfather (SM) did when he could’ve destroyed every last Meccan in the Conquest of 8. AH. He manipulated the people into taking bey’ah to his despotic and treacherous son Yazid ibn Mu’awiyya who was raised irreligious by his mother who was recently converted Muslim from Christianity but missed and desired her old customs and way of life. The fact that Ameerul Mu’mineen Abu Bakr as‐Sadiq (RA) selected Ameerul Mu’mineen ‘Umar ibn Al Khattab al‐Farooq (RA) as Caliph during his lifetime was based purely on merit of their proximity, sincerity and approval by Allah and His Messenger (SM). They preserved, extended and protected Islam and entertained nothing else. Ameerul Mu‘mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) attested to this fact to his last day and applied penalties for antagonists. Therefore Mu’awiyya misunderstood and innovated in more ways than one The Sunna of Rasoolullah (SM) by electing his son Yazid during his lifetime. In fact, this disastrous innovation of Mu’awiyya continued to be followed by the Umayyads and later by the Abbasids and afterwards the tendency of every ruler to favor a member of his own family as his successor despite the level of the faith and moral character of that person. However, the breach of this treaty meant a violation and invalidation of Muawiya’s per contract which meant surrendering of those granted rights or war just as it was in 7 AH in Hudaybiah leading to 8 AH Conquest of Mecca. It was inevitable that Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan would be confronted by H. Hussein ibn Ali (RA).

H. Hussein son of Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and H. Fatimah bint Rasoolullah (RA) posed as the most threatening opposition against Yazid ibn Mu’awiyya among all others of Quraysh despite the fact that many Companions of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) were still alive. There’s a reason why.

Ibn Sa’d and Tabrani (RA)have related from Ayesha that The Holy Prophet (SM) said:
“H. Jibra’eel (AS) has informed me that after me, my son Hussein will be slain in the land of Taff. He brought the soil of that land to me and said that he will be buried underneath this soil.”

The same hadith has been narrated by H. Ayesha (RA) but with the addition “Certainly H. Jibra’eel showed me the soil of the Earth where Hussein will be killed. Then the wrath of Allah will be severe on those who spilled his blood.”
The same hadith is quoted elsewhere with addition “Jibra’eel informed me that Hussein will be killed in the land of Iraq. When I said show me the soil where he will be killed, he brought red soil. H. Umm Salama then collected and stored some of the soil upon her Khimar.”

Ibn Asakir (RA) quoted H. Umm Salama (RA) saying also “Wrath of Allah be upon Hussein’s Killer.”

Hakim narrated from Umm Fadl bint Harith (RA) that The Holy Prophet (SM) said “H. Jibra’eel came to me and informed me that my Ummah will kill my son and he gave me some of the red soil.”

Ahmad ibn Hanbal (RA) narrated that The Holy Last Messenger (SM) said “An angel came in my house who had never come before. Then he addressed me and said “This son of yours will be killed and if you wish I could bring you the soil of that place. Then he place a bit of red soil in my hands.”

In Sahih Muslim vol. 4 CH. 9 H. Aisha (RA) reported that “ The Messenger of Allah (SM) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel’s hair ( with the support of other hadith we come to know that Nabi (SM) went out to Umm Salama’s house) then Hasan ibn Ali came. He wrapped him under it, then came Hussein and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (i.e. Hasan). Then came Fatima and he took her under it, then came Ali and he also took him under it and then said:

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“Allah only desires to take away any impurities from you, O people of the household, and purify you with a thorough purifying.” Surah 33:33.

In Sunan ibn Majah Abu Hurairah reported that Allah’s Messenger (SM) said, “ O Allah, whoso loves Hasan and Hussein in fact loves me and whoso hates them indeed hates me.”

In Sunan ibn Majah Sa’id ibn Abu Rashid (RA) reported a lengthily hadith in which he quoted The Holy Last Messenger (SM) saying “ Hussein pertain to me and I pertain to Hussein. May Allah love him who loves Hussein. Hussein is one of my Sibt. (The word sibt used in the text means a group, a section.

Accordingly, to some scholars, the word sibt denotes the real descendants while to other scholars, it implies his descendants who were born later. The word sibt is thus used in all these meanings.)

In Hayatus Sahabah Abu Awn reported: “That when Hazrat Hussein ibn Ali intended to go to Makkah from Medina, he happened to come across Ibn Muti, who was digging his well. So Ibn Muti’ said to him This is my well. I am till to this date engaged in trying to get water from it and many days have passed in trying to get water from it and many days have passed over this work. The bucket does not fill fully. Would that you pray for plenitude in it for us! ” Hazrat Hussein said Bring the water of that well. He brought the water of that well in a bucket. Hazrat Hussein drank from that bucket, then gargled into it and then got that water thrown into that well, wherefore not only its water increased but also it became sweet.”

H. Hussein (RA) was not just a Muslim, or a companion of The Holy Last Messenger (SM) he was the flesh and blood (living example from the household of Nabi Muhammad SM.) Upon whose grandfather revelation had been finalized. Upon whose father wilayat had continued through. Surely Allah and His Messenger knows best.

However, H. Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) set out for Kufa, Iraq after the invitation and pledge of the Iraqi people but he was stopped at the desolate desert of Karbala and prevented from leaving by the forces of the Umayyad governor ‘Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad, under the command of ‘Umar ibn Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas. The Battle ensued and H. Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and 72 members of Ahlul‐Bayt and supporters were ruthlessly butchered and beheaded. The survivors of Ahlul‐Bayt were humiliated and treated like prisoners of war then sent back to Medina and kept under close watch. Here is the historical discourse of H. Hussain’s speech to the people of Iraq H. Hussain prayed, praised Allah and said:

“O people The Messenger of Allah (SM) said: “He who saw an unjust Sultan ruler acting what Allah hath forbidden and breaking the pledge of Allah, contradicting the Summa of The Messenger of Allah,(saw) and adopting the behavior of atrocity and aggression, thereby resisting him neither by act, nor by saying, Allah shall punish him.” So, these people have committed themselves to the obedience of Satan, quit the obedience of Allah the Most Gracious, showed their corruption broke the fundamentals of Shari’ah, seized the lands, legalized the haram of Allah and forbade His permissible. I am the one who has the right to this matter. I gave received your letters and your messengers with your pledge of allegiance. You neither show full support for me nor did you let me down. If you give me your full pledge of allegiance you will be reasonable. I am Hussain ibn ‘Ali and the son of Fatima, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (saw). I am with you and my family is with yours. You will find in me an example to follow. If you don’t do this, if you broke your pledge and refrained from my pledge of allegiance, I avow this is not new for you did before. You did it with my father (Ali) and with my brother (Hasan) and cousin (Muslim ibn ‘Aqeel). The conceited is the one who is tempted by you. It is your fortune you missed and it is your share you lost. He who broke the pledge he did it for himself. Allah is sufficient for us, Was Salamu ‘Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu.”

In Hayatus Sahabah Zuhri (RA) has said: “Abdul Malik said to me With which lone sign that was found on the of Hazrat Hussein’s murder are you incomparable? “ I said Whichever stone was lifted at Baitul Muqaddas, fresh blood was found under it. So Abdul Malik said I and you are comrades of each other in knowing this hadith (i.e. , you are not alone in knowing it.)

In another tradition Zuhri (RA) has stated: “that on the day of Hazrat Hussein ibn Ali’s murder, whichever stone was lifted in Syria, there was blood beneath it.
From Umm Hakim (RA) it is related: “that the day when Hazrat Hussein was martyred, the sky becamee jet red like thick blood and I was a child those days.

Hazrat Umm Salamah (RA) says “ I heard that the jinn used to lament over Hazrat Hussein ibn Ali.” She also stated “ I did not hear the jinni lamentation after the maut of the Messenger of Allah (saw), but tonight, and as far as I think, my son, i.e. Hussein has been martyred. She said to her slave maid Go out and inquire. So that slave maid was informed that he had been martyred. And Suddenly a female jinn was lamenting over him, saying:

“O eye! Beware! Shed tears over my toil. And who will cry over the martyrs after me?

Shed tears over a party which death is dragging towards one who, in spite of being a slave, is an oppressor in the country.”

Hazrat Maimunah (RA) says: “I heard the jinn that were lamenting over Hazrat Hussein ibn Ali.

Hazrat ibn Abbas (RA) says: “that I saw the Holy Prophet (SM) in a dream in the afternoon that his hairs were disheveled and dusty and he had a bottle in his hand. I asked what of this bottle? His Holiness said this is Hussain’s and His companion’s blood which I have collecting since this morning.”
Hazrat ibn Abbas said “We saw that Hazrat Hussein had been martyred on the same day.”

In Sunan ibn Majah Suddiyy (RA) narrated from Subayh (RA) (mawla of Umm Salama) from Zaid ibn Aram (RA) said: “ The Holy Last Messenger (SM) said to Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Hussein: “I am peace with whom you’re at peace and I am at Harb war with whom your are Harb war.”

H. Hussein ibn Ali (RA) was martyred 61 A.H. in Karbala, Iraq at the command of Yazid ibn Mu’awiyya ibn Abu Sufyan. His head was taken to Syria to the throne of Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan (May Allah Place Curse upon Yazid).

The Abovementioned stone’s relevancy had been misinterpreted in many false fabricated hadith narrated by so‐called Bukhari and other hadith writer from Syria. The elaborated information will be added to the next edition of this book.

Please note that, H. Hussein’s Head still present at Cairo Egypt in accordance of Historian His Eminency Dr. M N Alam in his findings when he visited the Holy Shrine in 1986, Cairo, Egypt.

CHAPTER 1
AL-MADINAT- UL-MUNAWWARA (The City of Illuminate Light) 

The Battle of Harra 63 AH/683

The significance of The Battle of Harra and the terrible loss of life and the sacking of Medina cannot be minimized. The decline of the Khalifate into monarchy had culminated into sheer tyranny and oppression. The citizens of Medina expelled the Umayyad family and their supporters after the tragedy of Karbala. Yazid ibn Muawiyah would send 10,000 armed soldiers into Medina. H. Abu Said Khudri (RA), H. ‘Abdullah ibn Hanzala (RA) would be shaheed in this battle. In fact; most of the veteran Ansar‐ Sahabah who were still alive was massacred. Horses of the army defiled the Holy Masjid of Nabi Muhammad (SM). The pillaging of the women was such extant that the children born to these women after this event was called “The Children of Harra” because no less than 1,000 women were raped in Medina. Medina never recovered its political role after this. Muslim ibn ‘Uqba was in charge of the operation under the orders of Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan he allowed his army to pillage Medina for 3 days in which there was no adhan or congregational salah. He allowed his soldiers to kill and loot to such an extent that he was given the nickname Musrif (one who exceeds the limits) in accounts of this event. He would abruptly maut before he could reach Mecca. Then the army proceeded to Mecca and the news of Yazid’s sudden death while Mecca was under siege complicated the situation.

By this point, human rights had been placed under the foot of oppression and high handedness. The face is that the Islamic government had completely changed since the days of the Rashidun Khalifs. A new face of government had surfaced. The Khalifate had declined to such an extent that since that time, the Islamic ummah though increasing in numbers suffered severely from insincerity and disloyalty. We are reminded that the struggle between truth and falsehood comes with a heavy price. We are reminded of this when we think of the city of Medina as it was in the time of H. Muhammad (SM). Extreme abuses of power and politics infected every level of government and destroyed the moral fabric of the Islamic community. The Caliphate and its administration had been plagued with insincere people who had no care for the legacy of H. Muhammad (SM), the sanctity of the Holy Cities, kith and kin, blood or property of a Muslim. Let alone the inviolable blood of Ahlul‐Bayt.

This atmosphere forced the most beloved family to live, teach and persevere mostly in solitude and isolation from the public. This detachment from worldly affairs, combined with unprecedented selflessness and a strict discipline of the lower self (nafs e ammara) gave rise to the Sufi community. These examples or demonstrations in such hard times, in such hardships led to rise of the sufic science or sufic ideology. Sufic sciences combine various methods worship as a means of purification for the seeker to gain proximity and total reliance with his Creator.